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Rules for regular adjectives:

Masculine noun: no changes

Feminine noun:

  • Adjective ends in consonant other than h, l, n, r: séimhiú
  • Adjective ends in h, l, n, r, or a vowel: no change

Plural noun:

  • Broad adjective: add -a
  • Slender adjective: add -e
  • Ends in -úil: changes to -úla
  • Ends in -air: changes to -ra
  • Ends in vowel: usually no change (except breá to breátha, te to teo)
  • Plural noun is slenderized: séimhiú added to plural adjective

Irregular adjectives:


Template Test

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Vocabulary Template

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Fáilte Welcome
An The

This is a test. The vocabulary list should be floating to the right.

Vocabulary Module

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Fáilte Welcome pronunciation
An The pronunciation
Na The [pl.] pronunciation

This is a test of the module-based vocabulary system

Lesson Plan Unit One

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Proposed lessons for Unit One:

Lesson One

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  • Concept: The Three Dialects of Irish
  • Grammar 1: The Alphabet and the Síneadh Fada
  • Grammar 2: Building a Basic VSO Sentence
  • Vocabuary: Very basic
  • Pronunciation: l, n, nn, é, éigh, ia, mh
  • Culture: Online Irish resources? or Gaeltacht?
  • Exercises: Explore pronunciation

Lesson Two (Incorporates current lesson 1)

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  • Concept: The Copula
  • Grammar 1: Question Words
  • Grammar 2: Pronouns? Broad and slender?
  • Vocabulary: Greetings and introductions
  • Pronunciation: c, ?
  • Culture: ?
  • Exercises

Lesson Three

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  • Concept: ?


Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce themselves and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where they live, people they know and things they have.

The Irish Compass

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In Irish, the directions left and right are the same as the compass directions for north and south.

Notes for future articles

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Exceptions and Irregularities

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  • bheith in sentences like "Is maith liom bheith ag snámh" often pronounced "a bheith" in spoken Irish

question words

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At least three ways of saying "when":

  • Cathain?
  • Cá huair?
  • Cén uair?
  • Ca fhad


  • Question words come first in the sentence, followed by "a" (or the "a" in "atá")
  • "a" particle adds séimhiu to consonants

"ar" - question particle in past tense

Word Forms and Transformations

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  • baol (danger) -> baolach (dangerous)
  • tréimhse (period) -> tréimhseachán (periodical)
  • lia (stone) -> liath (grey)
  • sláinte (health) -> sláintiúil (healthy)


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  • iarr (ask) -> iarracht (attempt)
  • úsáid (use) -> úsáideach (useful)


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  • éigin (some) -> éiginnte (uncertain)

-each -oir

Random bits

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- Body parts: ar vs. ag