Urdu/Vocabulary/Basic Phrases

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  • I : Mein
  • We : Hum
  • Us : Hum
  • Our : Hamara
  • He : Woh
  • She :Woh
  • You : Tu, Tum or Aap (intimate, informal, polite or plural form)
  • Your : Tera, Tumhara or Aap ka (intimate, informal, polite or plural form)
  • Haan / Ji haan (Respect) : Yes
  • Nahin : no
  • Idher / Yahan : here
  • Udher / Wahan : there
  • Aisey / Is tarhan : like this
  • jaisey / Us tarhan : like (that)
  • hello : hello
  • Assalam-O-Aliqum, aap kaise hen? : (greetings), how are you?
  • kya haal hay? : How are you ?
  • Woh kya hay? : What is That?
  • Abbu/Ammi : Father/Mother
  • Bhai/Bahen : Brother/Sister
  • Beta/Beti : Son/Doughter
  • Muaf Kijiye Ga / Main Muafi chata hun : Sorry / Excuse me.
  • Tumhara / Aapka naam kya hay : What is your name?
  • Mujhey Tum / Aap say mil kar bari kushi huhi : I'm very pleased to meet you.
  • Tumhara / Aapka ta'aluk kahan say hay? : Where are you from?
  • Tumhari / Aapki umer kitne hay? : What is your age?
  • Bus Stap kahan hay? :Where is bus stop?
  • Is ki kya qeemat hay? : How much does it cost?
  • Kya waqt huwa hay? : What is time now?
  • Kahey ko : Why so?
  • Mujhay tum say mohabbat ho-gaya(ee) hay : I am in love with you
  • Yeh Hai : This is
  • Khuda Hafiz : Good Bye
  • A : Ek
  • Come : Aao / Aaiye (respect)
  • Came : Aayein ( he) / Aayee (she) / Aaye (plural)
  • Will come : Aaonga - Aayeinge (he) / Aaongi - Aayeingi (she) / Aayeinge ( plural)
  • Open : Kholo / Kholiye (respect) / Kholna
  • Opened : Khula
  • Will open : Kholega - Kholeinge (he) / Kholegi - Kholeingi (she) / Kholeinge (plural)
  • Sit : Thasreef-Rakhiye(Baitho / Baithiye (respect) / Baithna)
  • Walk : Chalo / Chaliyein - Chaliye (respect) / Chalna (to walk)
  • Eat : Nosh-Farmaeiye (Khao / Khaiyein - Khaiye (respect)/ Khana )
  • Drink : Piyo / Peejiye (respect) / Peena (to drink)
  • Win : Fatah
  • Go : Jaao / Jaaiye (respect) / Jaana (to go)
  • Run : Daudna
  • We go/I go: Hum jaaien / Mein jaata hoon
  • He goes: Woh jate hain
  • He eats an apple: Woh sev khaata hai (Normally) / Woh sev khaatey hein (Respect)

He is eating an apple

Woh seb khaa raha hai(Normally)
Woh seb khaa rahey hein (Respect) 

He ate an apple

Us ne seb khaya (Normally)
Unhon ne seb khaya (Respect)

I saw the film last week

Main ne guzishte(pichhle) hafte film dekhi (talking about self)
Humne ne guzishte(pichhle) hafte film dekhi (talking about more than one person)

She came by bus yesterday

Woh kal bus se aayi   (Normally)
Woh kal bus se aayien (Respect)

They went to the mosque

Woh masjid gaye hain

He slept the whole night

Woh raat bhar sota raha (Normally)
Woh raat bhar sotey rahey (Respect)

He wrote well in the examination

Usne imthihan mein achha likha (Normally)
Unhon ne imthihan mein achha likha (Respect)

He has eaten

Woh khaa chuka hai (Normally)
Woh khaa chukey hai (Respect)

He had eaten

Woh khaa chuka tha (Male)
Woh khaa chuki thee. (Female)

He had gone

Woh chala gaya (Normally)
Woh chaley gaye (Respect)

He had come

Woh aaya tha (Normally)
Woh aaye thee (Respect)

He will eat

Woh khaey ga (Normally)
Woh khaien gay (Respect)

He will go

Woh jaaey ga (Normally)
Woh jaayen gay (Respect)

He will come

Woh aaey ga (Normally
Woh aayen gay (Respect)

What is your name?

Tumhara naam kya hai ? (Normally)
Aap ka naam kya hai (Respect)

What

Kya

Is

Hai / Hein (respect)

Your

Tumhara / Aap ka (respect)

Name

Naam / Isma-e-girami

What did you do?

Tum ne kya kiya ? (Normally)
Aap ne kya kiya? (Respect)

What should I do?

Mujhe kya kerna chahiye? (what should i do)
Hamien kya kerna chahiye (what should we do)

What can I do?

Main kya kar sakta (Male) / sakti(Female) hoon ? (me)
Hum kya kar saktey hein ? (we)

What are the questions?

Sawalat kya hain?

What were the questions?

Sawalat kya thee?

What is the last question?

Aakhiri sawal kya hai ?

What is written in the letter?

Khat mein kya likha hai ?

What you had been told?

Tumhein kya kaha gaya tha ? (Normally)
Aap ko kya kaha gaya tha ? (Respect)

What will be the answer?

Jawab kya hoga ?

Why did you come?

Tum kyon aaey ? (Normally)
Aap kyon aaye (Respect)

Why did you sleep?

Tum  kyon soey ? (Normally)
Aap kyon soey ? (Respect)

Why did you tell him to go?

Tum ne unko jaane ko kyon kaha ? (Normally)
Aap ne unko jaane ko kyon kaha ? (Respect)

Why did he bring the bag?

Woh bag kyon laya ? (Normally)
Woh bag kyon laye ? (Respect)

Why did she pay the money?

Us ne paisey kyon diye ? (Normally)
Unhon ne paisey kyon diye (Respect)

Why did they sit there?

Woh wahan kyon baithe the ?

Why do you drive the car?

Tum gaari kyon chalate ho ? (Normally)
Aap gaari kyon chalate ho ? (Respect)

Why did they come late for the meeting?

Woh molaqaat ke liye der se kyon aaye ?

How did you come?

Tum kaise aaye ? (Normally)
Aap kaise aaye ? (Respect)

How did you sleep?

Tum kaise soye ? (Normally)
Aap kaise soye ? (Respect)

How did you drive the car ?

Tum ne gaari kaise chalai ? (Normally)
Aap ne gari kaise chalai ? (Respect)

How did you write?

Tum ne kaise likha ? (Normally)
Aap ne kaise likha ? (Respect)

How many apples are there in my hand?

Mere haath mein kitne sev hein ? (Normally)
Hamare haath mein kitne sev hein ? (Respect)

How many did you take?

Tum ne kitne liye ? (Normally)
Aap ne kitne liye ? (Respect)

How much did he pay you?

Us ne tum ko kitne paise diye ? (Normally)
Unhon ne aap ko kitne paise diye ? (Respect)

How much distance to go?

Aur kitni door jana hai ?

How was the journey yesterday?

Kal ka safar kaisa tha ?

Which way did you come?

Tum kis raaste se aaye ? (Normally)
Aap kis raaste se aaye ? (Respect)

Which one is your favorite color?

Tumhara pasandida rang kaun sa hai ? (Normally)
Aap ka pasandida rang kaun sa hai ? (Respect)

In which room did you sleep?

Tum kaun se kamre mein soye ? (Normally)
Aap kaun se kamre mein soye ? (Respect)
 

Which story did you tell?

Tum ne kaun si kahani batayee ? (Normally)
Aap ne kaun si kahani batayee ? (Respect)

Which is the sweetest fruit?

Sab su meetha phal kon sa hai ?

Which is the best newspaper in Hindi?

Hindi mein sab se achcha akhbaar kaun sa hai ?

Which Indian state has the largest population?

Kis hindustani soobe ki aabadi sab se zyada hai ?

Where are you coming from?

Tum kahan se aa rahe ho ? (Normally)
Aap kahan se aa rahe hein ? (Respect)

Where did you sleep?

Tum kahan soye ? (Normally)
Aap kahan soye ? (Respect)

Where is the manager’s cabin?

Manager ka cabin kahan hai ?

Where should I go?

Mujhe kahan jaana chahiye ?(Normally)
Hamien kahan jaana chahiye ? (Respect)

Is it a book?

Kya yeh ek kitab hai ?

Yes, it is a book

Haan, yeh ek kitab hai (Normally)
Ji, yeh ek kitab hai (Respect)

Is it the answer?

Kya yeh jawab hai?

Yes, it is the answer

Haan, yehi jawab hai (Normally)
Ji, yehi jawab hai (Respect)

Will you come with me?

Kya tum mere saath aaoge ? (Normally)
Kya aap mere saath aaoge ? (Respect)

I shall come with you.

Mein tumhare saath aaunga. (Normally)
Mein aap ke saath aaunga. (Respect)

Will you give me your pen?

Kya tum mujhe apna pen doge ? (Normally)
Kya aap mujhe apna pen doge ? (Respect)

Yes, of course.

Haan, zaroor (Normally) / Ji, zaroor (Respect)

Do you love me ?

Kya tum mujhe se pyar karte ho (male) kerti ho (female)? (Normally)
Kya aap mujhe se pyar karte ho (male) kerti ho (female)? (Respect)

Yes, I love you.

Haan, mein tum se pyaar karta (male) / karti(female) hoon    (Normally)
Ji, mein aap se pyaar karta hoon (male) / karti(female) hoon (Respect)

Can you give me your pen?

Kya tum mujhe apna pen de sakte ho (male) / sakti ho (female) ? (Normally)
kya aap mujhe apna pen de sakte ho (male) / sakti ho (female) ? (Respect)

Can you lift the box?

Kya tum box utha sakte ho (male) / sakti ho (female) ? (Normally)
kya aap box utha sakte ho (male) / sakti ho (female) ? (Respect)

Can you write the exam?

Kya tum pariksha / Imtihaan likh sakte ho (male) / sakti ho (female) ? (Normally)
kya aap pariksha / Imtihaan likh sakte ho (male) / sakti ho (female) ? (Respect)

Did you have your lunch?

Kya tum ne dopehar ka khana khaya ? (Normally)
kya aap ne dopehar ka khana khaya ? (Respect)

How are you?

Tum kaise ho ? (Normally)
Aap kaise ho ? (Respect)

I am fine

Main achcha hoon (male) achchi hoon (female)

More[edit]

Translation Phrase IPA Transliteration
Urdu ordu
hello As-Salamu-Alaikum
hello (Urdu, Reply to Hello)Wa-Alaikum-As-Salam
goodbye Khuda Hafiz
please* (Urdu) مہربانی فرماکے meːhrbɑiː fərɑːkeː mehrbānī farmake
thank you* (Urdu) شکريہ ʃukrijə śhukriyā
thank you very much بہت بہت شکريہ bəhut̪ bəhut̪ ʃukrijə bahut bahut śhukriyā
welcome خوش آمديد xuʃ əmd̪eːd̪ Khush Amdaidn
excuse me معاف کيجۓ mɑːf kiːdʒiːjeː māf kījiye

hamid how are you || hamid aap kaisa hoo

don’t mention it کوئ بات نہيں koiː bɑːt̪ nəhiː koī bāt nahī
yes جی ہاں dʒiː hɑ̃ː jī hān
no/not جی نہيں dʒiː nəhĩː jī nahīn
good/right اچھا ətʃʰə̃ acchan
(all-purpose adj./interj.)
How are you? آپ کيسے ہيں/کیسی ہيں؟ ɑːp keːseː hẽː/keːsiː hẽː āp kaise hai/kaisī hai? (m/f)
OK! ٹھيک ہے ʈʰiːk hẽː ṭhīk hai!
one minute! (“just a sec”; interj.) ايک منٹ eːk minəʈ ek minaṭ
I don’t understand ميں نہين سمجھا mẽː nəhĩː səmdʒʰə/səmdʒʰiː main nahīn samjha/samjhī (m/f)
I don’t know مجھے نہين پتہ mudʒʰeː nəhĩː pət̪ə mujhey nahi pata (m/f)
English انگريزی əŋgreːziː angrezī
what is your name? آپ کا کیا نام ہے؟ ɑːp kə kjɑː nɑːm hẽː āp ka kya nām hai?
my name is ... میرا نام ... ہے meːrə nɑː ... hẽː mera nām ... hai
It was nice to meet you آپ سے مل کر بہت خوشی ہوئ ɑːp seː milkər bəhut̪ xuʃiː huiː āp se milkar bahut khuśī huī It was nice to meet you
It was nice to meet you too (lit. to me also) مجھے بھی mudʒʰeː bʰiː mujhe bhī
How much does this cost? اس کی کیا قيمت ہے؟ iskiː kjɑː qiːmət̪ hẽː iski kya qeemat hai?
Do you speak English? کيا آپ انگريزی بولتے/بولتی ہيں؟ kjɑː ɑːp əŋgreːziː boːlt̪eː/boːlt̪iː hẽː kya āp angrezī bolte/boltī (m/f) hain?
  • *These are not used nearly as casually in Urdu as they are in western languages.

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