United Nations/Structure

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The United Nations has set up six principal organs:

Principal organs of the United Nations [1]
UN General Assembly
- Deliberative assembly of all UN member states (each country has one vote) -
UN Secretariat
- Administrative organ of the UN - its chairman is the UN Secretary General -
International Court of Justice
- Universal court for international law (based in The Hague) -
UN General Assembly hall
Headquarters of the UN in New York City
International Court of Justice
  • may resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states, or suggestions to the UNSC (not a Parliament)
  • decides on the admission of new members, on proposal of the UNSC
  • adopts the budget
  • elects the non-permanent members of the UNSC, all members of Economic and Social Council, on the proposal of the UNSC the UN Secretary General, and the 15 judges of the ICJ
  • supports the other UN bodies administratively, e.g. in the organization of conferences, writing reports and studies, and the preparation of the budget-plan
  • its chairman - the UN Secretary General - is elected by the UN General Assembly for a five-year mandate and is the most important representative of the UN
  • beside its headquarters in New York City it has three main offices in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna
  • decides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction and creates legal opinions
  • the 15 judges are elected by the UN General Assembly for nine years. It renders judgement with relative majority
  • parties on the ICJ can only be countries, however no international organizations and other subjects of international law (not to be confused with the ICC)
UN Security Council
- For international security issues -
UN Economic and Social Council
- For global economical and social affairs -
UN Trusteeship Council
- Was administering trust territories (currently not active) -
UN security council
UN Economic and Social Council
UN Trusteeship Council
  • responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security
  • the most powerful organ of the UN, as it may adopt compulsory resolutions
  • its decisions include peacekeeping- and peace enforcement-missions, as well as non-military pressure mediums, such as trade embargos
  • has 15 members: five permanent members with veto power (China, Russia, France, the United Kingdom and the United States), and ten elected members
  • responsible for cooperation between states on economic and social fields (raising the general standard of living, solve economic, social and health problems, promotion of human rights, culture and education, as well as humanitarian aid)
  • therefore it has established numerous functional and regional commissions
  • also coordinates the cooperation with the numerous specialized agencies of the United Nations
  • has 54 members, who are elected by the UN General Assembly to serve staggered three-year mandates
  • was originally designed to manage colonial possessions that were earlier League of Nations mandates
  • is inactive since 1994, with the last trust territory (Namibia) attaining independence in 1990

References[edit]

  1. Charter of the United Nations - Chapter III (Organs)