Noun/Lilyoot[edit | edit source]
Difinition and Types[edit | edit source]
A noun is a word that identifies a person, place, animal, things, abstract idea etc.
The types of noun include:
- A. Proper noun:
Begins with a capital letter. It identifies:
- Person:Dawali, Chechet, Dangana, Jatau, Agwam etc.
- Place: Zongon Kataf, Zonkwa etc.
- Institutions: ACDA, TLC etc.
- Months and Days: Zwat Tsat, A̱tuk Ladi (ka) etc.
- B. Common noun:
They don't start with capital letter.It refers to general names of person, place etc.
- Person:nggoneam, nggoseam, atyoli, ayang
- Animal: akwi, abwu, zwon etc.
- Things:ali, byin, kwatak, kurum, alaujyi, bung etc
- C. Abstract noun:
They do not have physical attribute e.g. mai, di, chat(love), dyep(praise), fwei, twei(cry) etc.
- D. Concrete noun:
They can be seen and touched e.g achiyang(basket), tong(honey), bokiti(bucket), tawud(towel),tebru/table, alaunjyi(sickle), akwatak(shoe).
- E. Uncounotable(mass)noun:
They can't be Pluralised.They are usually singular e.g. kurum(money), za(rain), Atyoka (man), gamun(mosquito), Z(w)on (goat) etc.
- F. Countable noun:
They can be counted and exist as singular and plural.
We can also classify Tyap noun plurals into regular and irregular.
Noun Formation(Bwoi A̱lyoot):[edit | edit source]
In this chapter, we shall view the various ways of forming nouns from verbs and adjectives.
Nouns can be formed from verbs:
- (A) By adding the prefix "a̱-"
The nouns formed above may refer to both living and non-living targets and situations.
- (B) By adding the prefix "ka-"
These nouns formed are mostly used in reference to living beings, in contrast to situations or non-living objects. Nevertheless, where the situation warrants, they are used!)
- (C) Nouns can be formed from adjectives by removing the first "a̱":
- (D) Nouns can also be formed by placing the noun antecedent "a̱tyu" as a prefix before a verb.
The nouns formed using "a̱tyu" can only be used to refer to humans.
- (E) Nouns or noun phrases may also be formed using noun antecedents such as "kyang" and "swat" before other nouns.
- (F) Lastly, nouns can be realized by placing verbs such as "yet"and "ya" to act as antecedents before an adjective or adverb.
NOTE: There are words which on their own serve as both verbs and nouns with removing or adding anything to from or to them. Example: Fang, lyuut, nwuan, etc.