Trigonometry/Some Little-known Trigonometric Functions

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There are some further trigonometric functions that are found occasionally. Few people use them, but it avoids confusion if you know what they are.

The chord of an angle θ is the length of a line joining the ends of two radii of a circle of radius 1, and separated by θ. Equivalently, it is the base of an isosceles triangle where the equal sides are of length 1 and the angle between them is θ.

Failed to parse (MathML with SVG or PNG fallback (recommended for modern browsers and accessibility tools): Invalid response ("Math extension cannot connect to Restbase.") from server "/mathoid/local/v1/":): {\displaystyle \text{chord} (\theta) = 2 \sin \left(\frac{\theta}{2}\right)}

The versed sine of an angle, vers(θ) = 1-cos(θ).

The haversine or half versed sine of an angle,


The coversed sine of an angle, covers(θ) = 1-sin(θ).