The Design and Organization of Data Centers/Fire Protection

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Fire alarms systems are designed to detect and notify building occupants of a possible fire condition, so that proper reactive steps can be taken.

Some examples of fire alarm equipment include the following:

  • Smoke Detectors
  • Heat Detectors
  • Beam Detectors
  • Pull Stations
  • Sprinkler System Monitoring Equipment
  • Audible and/or Visual Notification Appliances

Sprinkler systems[edit]

Water and computers don't mix. A damaged sprinkler head will spray water regardless of a fire, and smoke detectors can be set off by dust.

Avoid sprinkler systems that hold water, instead use a pre-action sprinkler system, preferably a double-interlocked pre-action system. With a double-interlocking pre-action valve, water is prevented from entering the sprinkler piping until two different kinds of heat/smoke detecting devices trigger the valve to open. The typical devices used are pneumatic actuation by a sprinkler head activating and releasing pressurized air stored in the piping and an electric actuation from heat or smoke detectors.

Gas Suppression[edit]


Not used any more



More expensive, but free refills, non-toxic

May require separate under-floor nozzles, and ceiling tiles restrained with clips.

Fire Extinguishers[edit]

Special fire extinguishers

Low residue


Power and Air conditioning issues[edit]

Emergency shut off for power and air conditioning

Very Important stuff.