# TeX/expandafter

< TeX

## Synopsis

\expandafter <macro> <tokens>

## Description

The \expandafter command delays expanding a macro until its arguments have been expanded.

## Examples

\def\a[#1]{A's argument was #1'}
\def\args{[FOO]}
\a\args

will not work, saying "! Use of \a doesn't match its definition." This is because while defining \a, the first argument (denoted #1) appeared in square braces. Therefore, \a expects its first argument to appear in square braces, while in \a\args, the immediate character after \a is not a left square bracket. Using \expandafter, we can write

\expandafter\a\args

This expands \args before \a, as if we had written the following in the first place:

\a[FOO]

As a result, TeX will print A's argument was FOO'.

The \expandafter command first expands the tokens following <macro>, and then expands <macro>, with the expanded <tokens> following it as if they had been typed in the file.

## Multiple invocations

One sometimes sees long chains of expandafters, which can normally be read as "expand after N", e.g.

% Chain of expandafters leads to \pra having definition \onelevelexpanded''
\def\onelevelexpanded{Page={\the\count0} }
\def\mycommandcontents{\onelevelexpanded}
\ea\def\ea\pra\ea{\mycommandcontents}

This expands \mycommandcontents only once (in contrast to TeX/edef).