Tagalog/Adjectives

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Boracay Sunset

Pang Uri - Adjectives[edit]

Most of Tagalog adjectives are started with the prefix ma-, like example maganda which means beautiful, its rootword is ganda with means beauty.

The order of an adjective and a noun is inchangeble, it can an adjective be first then follows by a noun or a noun be first before an adjective. But remember: you must add a connector word na if the first word (maybe an adjective or noun) ends with consonant or a suffix -ng if the first word (maybe an adjective or noun) ends with a vowel before succeed by the second word.

For Example:

Batang maganda or Magandang bata both mean Beautiful child.
Maganda means beautiful and bata means child.

An adjective can be use as a predicate in a sentence. Mostly, Tagalog sentences are starting with the predicate before the subject, but you can also put the subject before ths predicate, but remember you must put the word ay in between the subject and the predicate if you put the subject first before the adjective.

For Example:

Mahirap si Juan. (John is poor.)
Siya ay mahirap pero Masaya. (He is poor but happy.)

Kinds of Adjectives[edit]

Adjectives of Quality[edit]

1. Si Maria Makiling ay isang matapang na Babae.

  • Maria Makiling is a brave woman.
    • Maria Makiling - Maria Makiling
    • ay - is
    • isa(-ng) - a
    • matapang - brave
    • babae - woman

2. Ang init noong Sabado.

  • It was hot last Saturday.
    • Ang - It
    • Init - Hot
    • Noong - Last (Noong is used for Dates)
    • Saturday - Sabado

3. Si Jose ay isang matapat na lalaki.

  • Jose is an honest man.
    • Si - (Article indicating a person)
    • Jose - Jose (Jose usually means Joseph in English)
    • Matapat - Honest
    • Lalaki - Man

4. Ang Maynila ay isang malaking lungsod.

  • Manila is a big City.
    • Maynila - Manila
    • Malaking(malaki na) - Big
    • Lungsod - City

5. Ang Sampaguita ay isang magandang bulaklak.

  • Jasmine is a beautiful flower.
    • Sampaguita - Jasmine
    • Magandang(maganda na) - Beautiful
    • Bulaklak - Flower

5. Mabaho ang kanal.

  • The canal is smelly.
    • Mabaho - Smelly
    • Kanal - Canal, Sewer System

6. Mabango ang pabango.

  • The perfume smells good.
    • Mabango - Smells Good
    • Pabango - Perfume

Adjectives of Quantity[edit]

1. Kaunti na lang ang pagkain natitira

  • There's only little food left
    • Kaunti - Little
    • Pagkain - Food
    • Natitira - Left

Adjectives of Number[edit]

1. Maraming tao dumalo sa palabas

  • There were many people that went to the concert/show.
    • Marami/Maraming - Many
    • Tao - People
    • Dumalo - Visited
    • Palabas - Show

Demonstrative Adjectives[edit]

1. Ang kabayong ito ay akin

  • This horse is mine
    • Kabayo - Horse
    • Ito - This/These
    • Akin - Mine

2. Ang kabayong iyan ay sa iyo.

  • That horse is yours.
    • Iyan - That
    • Iyo - Yours

3. Masarap ang mga mansanas na ito.

  • These apples are delicious.
    • Masarap - Delicious
    • Mga Mansanas - Apples
    • Ito - These/This

Useful Adjectives[edit]

Word Antonym
Mabuti - Good Masama - Bad
Tama - Right Mali - Wrong
Mayaman - Rich Mahirap - Poor
Maganda - Beautiful Pangit - Ugly
Malinis - Clean Madumi - Dirty
Mainit - Hot Malamig - Cold
Mabigat - Heavy Magaan - Light
Swerte - Lucky Malas - Unlucky
Bata - Young Matanda - Old
Marami - Many Kaunti - Little

Exercise[edit]

Exercise 1.0[edit]

Translate these words to english:

1. Malamig-cold 2. Madumi-dirty 3. Kaunti-little 4. Marami-many 5. Matapat-honest 6. Matapang-brave

See Also[edit]

  • Mgá Pang-abay (Adverbs)
  • Ang Panahunan (Conjugation)
  • Mgá Pangatníg (Conjunctions)
  • Mgá Pang-angkóp (Ligatures)
  • Mgá Pangngalan at Pangmarká (Nouns and Markers)
  • Mgá Panlapì: Mgá Unlapì at Hulapì (Affixes: Prefixes and Suffixes)
  • Mgá Pang-ukol (Prepositions)
  • Mgá Panghalíp (Pronouns)
  • Mgá Panakláw (Quantification Words)
  • Mgá Pananóng (Question Words)
  • Mgá Pandiwa (Verbs)