Speech-Language Pathology/Stuttering/Fluency Shaping
Fluency shaping therapy trains stutterers to speak fluently with relaxed breathing, vocal folds, and articulation (lips, jaw, and tongue).
This chapter is divided into sections:
- Fluency Shaping Critiques—This section is for criticisms of fluency shaping therapies.
- Personal Experiences with Fluency Shaping Therapy—Add your experiences here.
History of Fluency Shaping Therapy
William Perkins and Richard Curlee developed the first fluency shaping programs. Einer Boberg (ISTAR), Bruce Ryan (Monterey Fluency Program), George Shames and Cheri Florence (Stutter-Free Speech), and Ronald Webster (Hollins) have developed other programs.