Spanish by Choice/SpanishPod newbie lesson A0037/Print version

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A0037: The Baby Is Sleeping[edit]

Introduction[edit]

Sh! Don't make that much noise when reading this! And don't miss Liliana and JP talking about babys, prohibitive commands, and kids in general. And don't forget to listen for the keyword: ruido – the noise.

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Dialogue[edit]

hombre: ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!
mujer: ¿Por qué?
hombre: El bebé está dormido.
mujer: ¡No te preocupes!
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Dialogue with Translation[edit]

hombre: ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!
sh not (you) make noise
man: Sh! Don't make noise!
mujer: ¿Por qué?
why
woman: Why?
hombre: El bebé está dormido.
the baby is sleeping
man: The baby is sleeping.
mujer: ¡No te preocupes!
no yourself worry
woman: Don't worry.
el bebé/la bebé – the baby
dormido/dormida – asleep

Vocabulary for Dialogue[edit]

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
no adverb not
hacer verb (infinitive) to make
¡(tú) no hagas! verb (negative imperative) (you) don't make! (informal, singular)
el ruido noun (masculine) the noise
¿por qué? adverb why?
el bebé/la bebé noun (m./f.) the baby
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
dormir verb (infinitive) to sleep
dormido/dormida adjective (m./f.) asleep
se reflexive pronoun oneself
preocuparse verb (infinitive) to worry (oneself)
te reflexive pronoun yourself
¡(tú) no te preocupes! verb (negative imperative) (you) don't worry (yourself)!
los chicos – the kids
el escuincle/la escuincla – the skinny dog

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson[edit]

el silencio noun (masculine) the silence
suave adjective (m./f.) soft
el niño/la niña noun (m./f.) the child
los niños/las niñas noun (plural, m./f.) the children
el chico/la chica noun (m./f.) the boy/the girl
los chicos/las chicas noun (plural, m./f.) the kids/the girls
el pequeño/la pequeña noun (m./f.) the little one
los pequeños/las pequeñas noun (plural, m./f.) the little ones
el mocoso/la mocosa noun (m./f.) the snotty one
los mocosos/las mocosas noun (plural, m./f.) the snotty ones
el chilpayate/la chilpayata noun (m./f.) the little child (Mexican)
el escuincle/la escuincla noun (m./f.) the skinny dog (Aztec)
los/las escuincles noun (plural, m./f.) the skinny dogs (Aztec)
¿dónde? adverb where?
(ellos/ellas) están verb (present tense) they are
¿Dónde están los escuincles? phrase Where are the little dogs?
hasta luego phrase see you later
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More Vocabulary[edit]

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

hacer infinitive to make
¡(tú) no hagas! negative imperative (you) don't make! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) no haga! (you) don't make! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) no hagamos! (let's) don't make! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) no hagáis! (you) don't make! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) no hagan! (you) don't make! (formal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
preocuparse infinitive to worry (oneself)
¡(tú) no te preocupes! negative imperative (you) don't worry (yourself)! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) no se preocupe! (you) don't worry! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) no nos preocupemos! (let's) don't worry! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) no os preocupéis! (you) don't worry! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) no se preocupen! (you) don't worry! (formal, plural)
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Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido! Sh! Don't make noise!
¿Por qué? Why?
El bebé está dormido. The baby is sleeping.
¡No te preocupes! Don't worry.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Sh! Don't make noise! ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!
Why? ¿Por qué?
The baby is sleeping. El bebé está dormido.
Don't worry. ¡No te preocupes!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Is the baby asleep? ¿El bebé está dormido?
No, it's not asleep. No, no está dormido.
Why not? ¿Por qué no?
Because of (= por) the noise. ¡Por el ruido!
Don't make noise! ¡No hagas ruido!
Don't worry! The baby is asleep. ¡No te preocupes! El bebé está dormido.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Sh! Don't make noise! (formal) ¡Sh! ¡No haga ruido!
Why? ¿Por qué?
The babys are sleeping. Los bebés están dormidos.
Don't worry. (formal) ¡No se preocupe!

Image Credits

  • “Image:Baby feet.jpg” by Doreen Dotto (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Stas spiacy.1904.jpg” by Stanisław Wyspiański (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Cambodia4kidsorg - Creative Commons (by).jpg” by Beth Kanter (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
  • “Image:Signo Itzcuintli.png” from the Codex Laud (Public Domain)