Solitaire card games/Canfield

This game also goes by the name Demon, and to add to the confusion, some people get this and the game usually called Klondike mixed up, as it can also be called Canfield or Demon.

History

Richard A. Canfield owned the Canfield Casino in Saratoga Springs, New York during the 1890s. Gamblers at his casino would play the game by "buying" a deck of cards for \$50. The gambler would then play the game and earn \$5 for every card he managed to place into the foundations; if one was fortunate enough to place all 52 cards into the foundations, the player would win \$500. Although players make a loss (about an average of five to six cards), the game proved to be popular, and Canfield became rich. The disadvantage of this new game was the need to hire a croupier for every gambler playing the game.

Gameplay

1. First deal thirteen cards faced up and then turned down, these cards would be the reserve.
2. Then place a on first of the four foundations to the right of the reserve.
3. This card is the first card of its foundation and all other cards of the same rank must also start the other three foundations
4. Cards on the tableau are built down by alternating colors, while the foundations are built up by suit,
5. Any gaps on the tableau are filled from the reserve
6. When the reserve is used up, cards from the waste pile are used.
7. Cards on the reserve can also be distributed to the foundations or to the tableau.
8. Cards on the tableau are also moved one unit, provided that the entire column has to be moved. (you can only move the entire column)
9. When no more plays are possible you can deal cards from the stock (the undealt cards) three at a time into the waste pile and use these cards to build to the foundations or to the tableau.
10. One can make unlimited redeals as long as there are moves.
11. The game is won when all cards are placed in the foundations or lost when there are no more moves.

Variations

• In Chameleon, the reserve only has 12 cards, and there are only three tableau columns. Building in the tableau is down, regardless of suit, and the stock is dealt one at a time with no redeals. All or any cards may be moved from the end of one tableau pile to another.
• In Rainbow Canfield (or just Rainbow), one can deal from the stock one card at a time. Two redeals are allowed in this game.
• In Selective Canfield, one can deal five cards right after the reserve is dealt. One can place any one of these five into the foundations and the remaining four cards become the tableau.
• In Storehouse Canfield (or just Storehouse), one should remove the deuces (twos) and place them on the foundations. The reserve and the cards on the tableau are then dealt. The stock is dealt one card at a time, and it can be used only twice. Furthermore, the method of building in this game is by suit.
• In Superior Canfield, the entire reserve is visible, and gaps can be filled by any card, not just those from the reserve.