Snakes of Europe/Index

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INTRODUCTION

Definition and Classification

II. External Characters β€” Integument - - 8

III. Coloration - - - - 29

IV. Skeleton - - - - - - 40

V. Dentition - - - - - -53

VI. Poison Apparatus β€” Different Kinds of

Poisons - - - - - 62

VII. Nervous System β€” Sense Organs - - 73

VIII. Viscera - - - - - -77

IX. Organs of Reproduction ; Pairing; Oviposi-

tion ; Development - - - 82

Habits

XI. Parasites - - - - - - 107

XII. Distribution - - - - - 118

XIII. Snakes in Relation to Man - - - 133

THE SNAKES OF EUROPE[edit]

Family: TYPHLOPIDAE[edit]

Genus TYPHLOPS, Rafinesque, 1815[edit]

1. Typhlops vermicularis, Merrem, 1820, The European Blind-Snake or Worm Snake

Family: Boidae Gray 1825[edit]

Genus: Eryx, Daudin 1803[edit]

2. Eryx jaculus, Linnaeus 1758, The Javelin Sand-Boa

Family: COLUBRIDAE[edit]

Genus Natrix, Laurenti[edit]

3. Natrix natrix Linnaeus, The Grass-Snake, or Ring Snake

4. Natrix tesselata, Laurenti β€” The Tessellated Water-Snake - 160

5. Natrix maura, Latreille β€” The Viperine Water-Snake .... 165

Genus ZAMENIS, Wagler - - - - 170

6. Zamenis gemonensis, Laurenti β€” The European Whip-Snake - - - - - 170

7. Zamenis dahlii, Fitzinger β€” Dahl's Whip-Snake - 177

8. Zamenis hippocrepis, Linnaeus β€” The Horseshoe Whip-Snake \- - - - 179

Genus COLUBER, Linn^us - - - - 181

9. Coluber quatuorlineatus, Lacepedeβ€” Aldrovandi's Snake - 182

10. Coluber dione, Pallas β€” The Dione Snake - 185

11. Coluber longissimus, Laurenti β€” The ^Esculapian Snake - - - 187

12. Coluber leopardinus, Bonaparte β€” The Leopard Snake ------ 191

13. Coluber scalaris, Schinz β€” The Ladder Snake - 194

Genus CORONELLA, Laurenti - - - 196

14. Coronella austriaca, Laurenti β€” The Smooth Snake - - - - - - 197

15. Coronella girondica, Daudin β€” The Southern Smooth Snake - 202

Genus CONTIA, Baird and Girard - - - 205

16. Contia modesta, Martinβ€” The Dwarf Snake - 205

Genus CGELOPELTIS, Wagler - - - 207

17. Ccelopeltis monspessulana, Hermann β€” The Montpellier Snake ----- 208

Genus MACROPROTODON, Guichenot - - 212

18. MACROPROTODON CUCULLATUS, I. Geoffroy β€” The False Smooth Snake - - - - 213

Genus TARBOPHIS, Fleischmann - - - 216

19. Tarbophis fallax, Fleischmann β€” The Cat-Snake 217 20. Tarbophis iberus, Eichwald β€” The Caucasian Cat-Snake - - 219

= Fourth Family: VIPERIDAE[edit]

Genus VIPERA, Laurenti - - - - 221

21. Vipera ursinii, Bonaparteβ€” Orsini's Viper - 221

22. Vipera renardi, Christoph β€” Renard's Viper - 227

23. Vipera berus, Linnaeus β€” The Northern Viper, or Adder - 230

24. Vipera aspis, Linnaeusβ€” The Asp Viper - - 239

25. Vipera latastii, Bosca β€” Lataste's Viper - - 247

26. Vipera ammodytes, Linnaeus β€” The Sand-Viper, or Long-Nosed Viper ... - 249

27. Vipera lebetina, Linnaeus β€” The Blunt-Nosed Viper, or Kufi - - - - - 257

Macrovipera schweizeri, Werner, Milos viper


Genus ANCISTRODON, Palisot de Beauvois - 261

28. Ancistrodon halys, Pallasβ€” Pallas's Pit-Viper - 262

All other spp