Alphabet/Step by step/Consonants 1

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2.3 Consonants 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
ka kha ga gha ca cha ja jha ṭa ṭha ḍa ḍha
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
අං අඃ
dha na pa
Notes about Consonants

Consonants can be divided in to following categories.

Gutturals: ක (ka), ඛ (kha), ග (ga), ඝ (gha), ඞ (ṅa)
Palatals: ච (ca), ඡ (cha), ජ (ja), ඣ (jha), ඤ (ña)
Cerebrals: ට (ṭa), ඨ (ṭha), ඩ (ḍa), ඪ (ḍha), ණ (ṇa)
Dentals: ත (ta), ථ, ද (da), ධ (dha), න (na)
Labials: ප (pa), ඵ (pha), බ (ba), භ (bha), ම (ma)
Semi-vowels: ය (ya), ර (ra), ල (la), ව (va)
Sibilants and aspirate: ශ (śa), ෂ (ṣa), ස (sa), හ (ha), ෆ (fa)
Notes about Pink coloured letters

These letters are very rarely used in the language.

[edit]

is pronounced like cu in 'cut'.

Sounds that can be made with [edit]

  • කා - sounds like ca in 'cart'.
  • කැ - sounds like ca in 'cat'.
  • කෑ - takes the sound of කැ held long.
  • කි - sounds like ki in 'kill'.
  • කී - sounds like kee in 'keep'.
  • කු - sounds like coo in 'cook'.
  • කෙ - sounds like Ke in 'Kevin'.
  • කේ - takes the sound of කෙ held long
  • කො - sounds like co in 'convent.
  • කෝ - sounds like co in 'cold.
  • කෘ - sounds like cru in 'cruel.
  • කෞ - sounds like the word cow

Exercise[edit]

Try to read following words.

අක්කා

(akka) meaning - Elder sister

එක

(eka) meaning - one

එක්ක

(ekka) meaning - with

[edit]

is pronounced like ge in trigger.

Sounds that can be made with [edit]

ගා - sounds like ga in garlic.
ගැ - sounds like ga in gamble.
ගෑ - takes the sound of ගැ held long.
ගි - sounds like gi in giggle.
ගී - sounds like gee in geek.
ගු - sounds like gu in guava.
ගූ - sounds like goo in goose.
ගෙ - sounds like ge in get.
ගේ - takes the sound of ගෙ held long.
ගො - sounds like go in got.
ගෝ - sounds like gou in gourmand.
ගෘ - sounds like gru in gruel.
ගෞ - sounds like gov in govern.

[edit]

is pronounced like chu in churh.

Sounds that can be made with [edit]

චා - sounds like cha in Charlse.
චැ - sounds like cha in chat.
චෑ - takes the sound of චැ held long.
චි - sounds like chi in chin.
චී - sounds like chea in cheat.
චු - sounds like... cu
චූ - sounds like choo in choose.
චෙ - sounds like che in cherry.
චේ - sounds like cha in chary.
චො - sounds like cho in chop.
චෝ - sounds like the word chore.
චෞ - sounds like the word chow.

[edit]

is pronounced like du in duck.

Sounds that can be made with [edit]

ඩා - sounds like da in darling.
ඩැ - sounds like da in Daniel.
ඩෑ - sounds like da in dam.
ඩි - sounds like de in dear.
ඩී - sounds like dea in deal.
ඩු - sounds like ḍu.
ඩූ - sounds like doo in doodle.
ඩෙ - sounds like de in devil.
ඩේ - sounds like the word day.
ඩො - sounds like do in doctor.
ඩෝ - sounds like the word door