Greetings and other basics
Now, when you know exactly how to read in Silesian, you are ready to learn the basics. Each time you meet someone, it's necessary to greet him/her! And when you do that in Silesian instead of Polish, people love you! So, let's start with the basic dialogs - in the first one two good friends are meeting. In the second one - a man greets an elderly lady.
Note: Read both dialogs and then the vocabulary. There's also the translation, which is available when you click the title of the dialog, but try not to use it.
2 ~ 1: Vocabulary
Each time we will give you all new vocabulary items. Each word from a phrase will not always be given - only the most important for now.
|Word or phrase||IPA pronunciation||Meaning||Notes|
|Jak ci sie darzi?||[jak ʨi ɕɛ 'daʒi]||How are you?||informal|
|jak||[jak]||how||Can also be used as in Pardon?, What did you say?|
|Jako tam||['jakɔ tam]||So-so|
|Trzim sie||['tʃim ɕɛ]||Bye||lit. Keep yourself|
|Pyrsk||[pɨrsk]||Bye||Is exactly the same as Trzim siee|
|Dobry dziyń||['dɔbrɨ 'ʥɨɲ]||Good day, hello|
|Szczynść Boże||['ʂt͡ʂɨɲʑ 'bɔʐɛ]||Good day||lit. Bless, god, a bit outdated|
|pōn||[pon]||Mr.||in nominative, m|
|pōni||['poɲi]||Ms.||both in nominative and vocative, f|
|Jak sie wōm darzi?||[jak ɕɛ vom 'daʒi]||How are you?||formal|
Can also be used for more than one person
|Do widzyniŏ||[dɔ viˈd͡zɨɲɔ]||Goodbye||quite popular, but it's necessery to mention it's just borrowed from Polish|
|Z Pōnbōczkym||[s ponˈbot͡ʂkɨm]||Goodbye||lit. With God, a bit outdated|
2 ~ 2: Grammar
Today we are not going to actually analyse the grammar in Silesian. This lesson is for you to see how the Silesian looks and how it sounds.
Nominative vs. vocative
As you see in the dialogs, in Silesian we use different cases. The basic case is nominative and it appears also in English in bank, pencil, tree and so on. When we address someone in Silesian, we usually change the form of a name (you won't learn how to do this yet). You would say This is Pōn Jōn (Mr. John). But if this is a person you're talking with, you say eg. Pōnie Jōnie, jak soe wōm darzi? (Mr. John, how are you?). Some words are the same in nominative and vocative, eg. pōni. On the other hand, it is noticeable that the vocative case is a bit obsolete and usually occurs only in some traditional and polite phrases.
2 ~ 3: Exercises
1. Without looking at the lesson, try to say or write how you would answer a person saying:
b) Jak ci sie darzi?
d) Szczynść Boże!
2. What had been said before?
– Z Pōnbōczkym!
– Dobrze, dziynkujã.
– Dobry dziyń!
3.* Can you answer the questions below?
b) How do we say friend in Silesian?
c) How do we say neighbor in Silesian?
d) What's the name of a traditional Silesian workers' house for many families?
Answers to the exercises