Scriptapedia/Presenting the Reference Mode
Presenting the Reference Mode
The purpose of this script is to propose and develop consensus on a reference mode after dynamics have been described by participants.
Primary nature of group task:
Preparation time: 10 minutes Time required during session: 30 minutes Follow-up time: 0 minutes
White or black board or flip chart with markers (or chalk) for drawing one or more reference modes
Dynamics identified from previous activity (e.g., graphs over time)
- Modeler to introduce the concept of a reference mode and propose a reference mode for discussion
- Facilitator to manage the conversation
- Prior to the exercise (e.g., during a break), the team meets to review the dynamics that have been identified during the previous session, and then identifies one more more dynamics as candidates for reference modes.
- The modeler then introduces the reference mode and presents one or more behavior over time graphs as the reference modes.
- The facilitator then asks participants if this is correct or we should be focusing on something else.
- As participants clarify their understanding of what a reference mode is and what is should be, the modeler redraws the reference mode.
- The facilitator ends the exercise when participants have reached consensus.
- A reference mode has been identified.
- There is an initial consensus on what the dynamic problem is.
David Andersen and George Richardson
Identifying a reference mode is a common activity. This script was based on a version of identifying a reference mode in Luna-Reyes et al. 2006.
Luna-Reyes, L. F., Martinez-Moyano, I. J., Pardo, T. A., Cresswell, A. M., Andersen, D. F., & Richardson, G. P. (2006). Anatomy of a group model-building intervention: Building dynamic theory from case study research. System Dynamics Review, 22(4), 291-320.
This exercise may reproduce or reinforce group power dynamics. As a way to reduce that possibility, taking time to allow all participants to speak can be a platform for open communication between individuals and subgroups. swi differes ping omlptas,ot bigpesedcopenmn