Science Fiction Literature/Introduction and Historical Overview
Science fiction is the literature of the possible. It generally involves a story grounded in science, whether actual or extrapolated, rather than in magic or myth.
Science fiction flowered as a literary genre in the twentieth century, though it has a long history.
Precursors of Science Fiction[edit | edit source]
Here are some of the early works that are considered to be related to science fiction, even if they don't fully align with the definition.
- Lucian of Samosata, ca. 120 - 180
- Vera Historia - This tells of a group of travelers who voyage beyond the Gates of Hercules, are blown off course, and travel all the way to the Moon.
- Cyrano de Bergerac, 1619-1655
- L'Autre monde ou les états et empires de la Lune (French)
- Voltaire, 1694-1778
- Romans — Volume 3: Micromégas (French)
Science Fiction Begins[edit | edit source]
- Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, 1797-1851
- Frankenstein - usually considered to be the first science fiction novel, published in 1818.
- The Last Man
- Edward Bulwer Lytton 1803-1873
- The Coming Race
- W. H. Hudson 1841-1922
- A Crystal Age
- Richard Jefferies 1847-1887
- After London, or Wild England
- Fitz-James O'Brien
- The Diamond Lens
- Mark Twain, 1835-1910
- A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
- Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894
- The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
- H. G. Wells
- The Time Machine
- The War of the World
- The Island of Doctor Moreau
- The Invisible Man
- Jules Verne
- Journey to the Center of the Earth
- 20,000 Leagues under the Sea