Sardinian/Prepositions

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Prepositions go before a noun, pronoun, adjective or verb to indicate their function in a sentence; and may be simple, contracted or improper.

Simple prepositions[edit]

  • A = to
  • Chin o Cun = with
  • De = of
  • Dae = from / by
  • In = in
  • Pro = because of / to
  • Tra = between / among
  • Peri = towards

Contracted prepositions[edit]

These are generally formed by simple prepositions + the definite article.

  • A su / sa ; A sos / sas
  • Chin su / sa ; Chin sos / sas
  • De su / sa ; De sos / sas
  • Dae su / sa ; Dae sos / sas
  • In su / sa ; In sos / sas

Improper prepositions[edit]

  • Sutta = under / beneath / below
  • Supra = above
  • Sicunde = according to
  • Chentza = without
  • Francu = with the exception of

Prepositional phrases[edit]

  • In fattu [de] = behind
  • Finas / Fintzas [a] = until
  • Prima [de] = before
  • [a] Pustis [de] = after
  • [a] Curtzu [de] = near / close to
  • [in] S'oru [de] = near to the edge of
  • Attesu [dae] = far (away) from
  • Innedda [dae] = far (away) from
  • [a] Largu [dae] = far (away) from
  • Paris [chin] = together with
  • Affaccu [de] = next to
  • [a] Costazu [de] = next to
  • Contr'[a] = against
  • [a] Cara [de] = before / in front of
  • Fora [de] = out of / outside of
  • Intro [de] = inside / within
  • [in] Cambiu [de] = in exchange for / in return for
  • Imbetzes [de] = instead of
  • Because of the abovementioned pronunciation rules, the pronunciation of the prepositions is as follows:
A ssu / ssa ; A ssos / ssas
Chi' ssu / ssa ; Chi' ssos / ssas
De ssos / ssas ; De ssos / ssas
Dae su / sa ; Dae sos / sas
I' ssu / ssa ; I' ssos / ssas
I 'ffattu 'e ...
Affacch 'e ...
  • In spoken form, when in o chin are bound to the indefinite article unu / -a, a -d is added.
Cantande ind unu tzilleri (Singing in a bar)
Fipo chind un'amica (I was with a friend)
  • In spoken form, the -D of De often is not pronounced; so that the preposition becomes 'e.