Rhetoric and Composition/Disruptive comma
Disruptive commas are simply those that aren't needed -- those that "disrupt" the flow of the sentence. Here are some guidelines about places where you don't need to use commas.
- Don't put a comma between a noun and the action it's doing, even when several words come between them.
- Most organic compounds
,contain oxygen, nitrogen, and halogens.
- In the Islamic bayaa ceremony, prominent citizens
,pledge allegiance to a newly elected leader.
- A visit to The City Museum's exhibit on the origins of photography
,provided an inspiring start to the class.
- Don't put a comma before these words unless there is an independent clause on each side
- and, or, but, for, so, nor, yet.
- The town was first settled in 1865
,and incorporated in 1868.
- The study sample was the correct size
,but insufficiently diversified.
- The Australian conductor Richard Bonynge was born in Sydney
,and returned there after studying in London.
- Don't put a comma before a list.
- The neighborhood contains several examples of classic mid-century architecture, including
,the Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, and Kennedy homes.
- The recommended treatment focuses on changes in diet, such as
,increased fiber, less fat, and fewer processed foods.
- The group of benefits considered standard is made up of
,health insurance, disability insurance, and a retirement account.