Rhetoric and Composition/Detailed TOC

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TODO

Editor's note
I have created this detailed table of contents by commenting out "__NOTOC__" from the printable version of the book and getting a preview. Where to include it in the book itself is unclear. It stands the chance of improving the process of revising--editing the book as a whole, and quickly seeing what there is in the book. This book contains IMHO many hidden treasures, unapparent in the big TOC on the front page, and unapparent from reading the introductory section, which has apparently been written only for the first part of the bok. --Dan Polansky (talk) 09:06, 9 September 2008 (UTC)

What follows is a detailed table of contents.

# 1 Contents

    * 1.1 The Authors and Editors of this Wiki Book

# 2 The Stages of the Writing Process
# 3 Overview: The Writing Process

    * 3.1 Overview
          o 3.1.1 Planning and Prewriting
          o 3.1.2 Collaborating
          o 3.1.3 Researching
          o 3.1.4 Drafting
          o 3.1.5 Editing
          o 3.1.6 Reviewing
          o 3.1.7 Revising
          o 3.1.8 Publishing

# 4 Planning and Prewriting

    * 4.1 Overview of Planning and Prewriting
          o 4.1.1 Finding a Topic
          o 4.1.2 Discovering Ideas
          o 4.1.3 Dealing with Writing Anxiety
          o 4.1.4 Determining Your Audience
          o 4.1.5 Developing an Outline
    * 4.2 Generating ideas
          o 4.2.1 Brainstorming
          o 4.2.2 Clustering
          o 4.2.3 Freewriting
    * 4.3 External Links

# 5 Collaborating

    * 5.1 What is Collaboration?
    * 5.2 Advantages to Collaboration
    * 5.3 Disadvantages to Collaboration
          o 5.3.1 Disadvantages
          o 5.3.2 Overcoming these Disadvantages
    * 5.4 Conducting Meetings
    * 5.5 Communicating Away from Meetings
    * 5.6 Strategies for Effective Collaboration
    * 5.7 Practical Guidelines for Good Group Work
    * 5.8 An Example of Collaborative Work/Group Conferencing

# 6 Researching

    * 6.1 Overview of Research
    * 6.2 Determine the Role of Research in Your Writing
    * 6.3 Consider Your Audience
    * 6.4 Understand How Writers Use Sources
          o 6.4.1 Sources Are Other Voices
          o 6.4.2 Purposes of Sources
    * 6.5 The Credibility of Sources
          o 6.5.1 Evaluating Sources
          o 6.5.2 Evaluating Print Sources
          o 6.5.3 Evaluating Web Sources
          o 6.5.4 Consider Your Project
          o 6.5.5 Consult ADAM
    * 6.6 Finding Scholarly Sources
    * 6.7 Cite Sources to Avoid Plagiarism
    * 6.8 External Links

# 7 Drafting

    * 7.1 Defining Drafting
    * 7.2 Drafting: The Process
          o 7.2.1 Building Common Ground
          o 7.2.2 Let It Flow
          o 7.2.3 Experiment
          o 7.2.4 Writer's Block?
          o 7.2.5 Meeting the Minimum Word Count
          o 7.2.6 Title of Your Essay
    * 7.3 Sample Draft
    * 7.4 Final Drafting Hints
    * 7.5 External Links

# 8 Editing

    * 8.1 Editing and Revising: One in the Same?
    * 8.2 Editing Checklist
    * 8.3 Sentence Structure
    * 8.4 Editing Tips
    * 8.5 Perspectives on Style
          o 8.5.1 Richard Lanham on Prose Styles
    * 8.6 External Links

# 9 Reviewing

    * 9.1 Overview of Reviewing
    * 9.2 Establishing Criteria
    * 9.3 Writing Helpful Comments
    * 9.4 Responding to Criticism
    * 9.5 Peer Review Sample
    * 9.6 Peer Review Sample 2
    * 9.7 External Links

# 10 Revising

    * 10.1 Overview of Revising
    * 10.2 Differences Between Revising, Editing, and Proofreading
    * 10.3 A Change for the Better
    * 10.4 Analyze Each Part of Your Paper
          o 10.4.1 Introductions
          o 10.4.2 Thesis Statements
          o 10.4.3 Position
          o 10.4.4 Scope
          o 10.4.5 Body Paragraphs
          o 10.4.6 Conclusions
    * 10.5 Before and After Revision Examples
          o 10.5.1 Example Before Revision
          o 10.5.2 Example After Revision
          o 10.5.3 Notes
    * 10.6 External Links

# 11 Publishing

    * 11.1 Overview of Publishing
          o 11.1.1 Types of Publication
          o 11.1.2 Know Your Rights
          o 11.1.3 The Writer's Market
    * 11.2 Tips for Getting Published
    * 11.3 External Links

# 12 Writing Applications
# 13 Overview of Writing Applications

    * 13.1 Overview
          o 13.1.1 How to analyze an assignment
          o 13.1.2 Description
          o 13.1.3 Narration
          o 13.1.4 Exposition
          o 13.1.5 Evaluation
          o 13.1.6 Argumentation

# 14 Analyzing Assignments

    * 14.1 Snowflakes, Fingerprints, and Assignments
    * 14.2 Analyzing an Assignment
    * 14.3 Sample Assignments
          o 14.3.1 Research Paper
          o 14.3.2 Short Story Paper
          o 14.3.3 Cover Letter Paper
          o 14.3.4 Poetry Assignment
          o 14.3.5 Summary/Response Paper
    * 14.4 A List of Basic Poetic Terms
    * 14.5 Identify Key Words in Assignments

# 15 Description

    * 15.1 Genre Analysis, Genre and Composition
    * 15.2 What is Description?
    * 15.3 Why Write a Descriptive Essay?
    * 15.4 Abstract Descriptions Versus Concrete Descriptions
          o 15.4.1 Abstract Descriptions
          o 15.4.2 Concrete Descriptions
    * 15.5 How to Write Description
          o 15.5.1 Thesis
          o 15.5.2 Sensory Words
                + 15.5.2.1 Examples of Sound Imagery
                + 15.5.2.2 Examples of Smell Imagery
                + 15.5.2.3 Examples of Touch Imagery
                + 15.5.2.4 Example of Visual Imagery
                + 15.5.2.5 Examples of Taste Imagery
          o 15.5.3 Order
          o 15.5.4 Audience
          o 15.5.5 Introduction
          o 15.5.6 Body
          o 15.5.7 Conclusion
    * 15.6 A Second Sample Descriptive Essay
          o 15.6.1 First Draft
          o 15.6.2 Second Draft
    * 15.7 External Links

# 16 Narration

    * 16.1 What is Narration?
    * 16.2 Forms
    * 16.3 Elements
    * 16.4 Classical Arrangement
    * 16.5 Modern Practice
    * 16.6 Student Essay
    * 16.7 Revision Hints
    * 16.8 External Links

# 17 Exposition

    * 17.1 What is Exposition Writing?
          o 17.1.1 Types of Exposition
          o 17.1.2 Where Do I Begin?
                + 17.1.2.1 Find a Topic and Research
                      # 17.1.2.1.1 Thesis
                + 17.1.2.2 Create a Sketchy Outline
                + 17.1.2.3 Start Writing
    * 17.2 Structure
          o 17.2.1 Introduction
          o 17.2.2 Body
          o 17.2.3 Conclusion
    * 17.3 Sample Exposition Assignments
    * 17.4 Sample Exposition Essay
          o 17.4.1 Why Is This Good?
    * 17.5 External Links

# 18 Evaluation

    * 18.1 Criteria
    * 18.2 How to Evaluate
    * 18.3 Structure of the Essay
          o 18.3.1 Introduction
          o 18.3.2 Conclusion
    * 18.4 Sample Evaluation Essay
    * 18.5 Sample Assignments
    * 18.6 External Links

# 19 Argument

    * 19.1 What is An Argument?
    * 19.2 Basic Argument Essay Structure
          o 19.2.1 Introduction
    * 19.3 Body
          o 19.3.1 Background Information
          o 19.3.2 Developing Your Argument
                + 19.3.2.1 Position Method
                + 19.3.2.2 Proposal Method
          o 19.3.3 Dealing With the Opposition
    * 19.4 Conclusion
    * 19.5 Strengthening Your Argument
          o 19.5.1 Phrasing
          o 19.5.2 Objective Language
    * 19.6 Sample Essay
    * 19.7 The Fallacies of Argument
    * 19.8 A Side Note
    * 19.9 Further Reading
    * 19.10 External Links

# 20 Advanced Topics
# 21 Overview of Advanced Topics

    * 21.1 Overview: Advanced Topics
          o 21.1.1 Writing in the Humanities
          o 21.1.2 Writing in the Sciences
          o 21.1.3 Writing in Business

# 22 Writing in the Humanities

    * 22.1 Introduction
    * 22.2 Categories of Humanities Writing
          o 22.2.1 Theoretical Writing
          o 22.2.2 Creative Writing
          o 22.2.3 Interpretive and Analytical Writing
                + 22.2.3.1 Interpretive Writing
                + 22.2.3.2 Analytical Writing
                + 22.2.3.3 Analyzing and Interpreting Literature
          o 22.2.4 Research Papers and Term Papers
    * 22.3 Elements of the Humanities Paper
          o 22.3.1 Introduction
          o 22.3.2 Thesis Statement
          o 22.3.3 Body
          o 22.3.4 Conclusion
          o 22.3.5 Argumentative Research Papers
          o 22.3.6 Plagiarism
    * 22.4 Resources To Use
    * 22.5 External Links

# 23 Writing in the Sciences

    * 23.1 Introduction
    * 23.2 Social Sciences
          o 23.2.1 Psychology
          o 23.2.2 Anthropology
          o 23.2.3 Political Science
          o 23.2.4 Sociology
          o 23.2.5 Education
          o 23.2.6 Economics
          o 23.2.7 Elements of the Social Sciences Paper
          o 23.2.8 Resources to Use
    * 23.3 Natural Sciences
          o 23.3.1 Elements of the Natural Sciences Paper
          o 23.3.2 Resources to Use
          o 23.3.3 Acronyms and Abbreviations
    * 23.4 External Links

# 24 Writing in Business

    * 24.1 Purpose of Business Writing
    * 24.2 Audience
    * 24.3 Deadlines
    * 24.4 Memos and E-mails
          o 24.4.1 Memos
          o 24.4.2 E-mails
    * 24.5 Cover Letters and Resumes
          o 24.5.1 Cover Letters
                + 24.5.1.1 Cover Letter Example
          o 24.5.2 Resumes
                + 24.5.2.1 Resume Examples
    * 24.6 Follow up or Thank you letters
          o 24.6.1 Thank you letter example
    * 24.7 Other business letters
    * 24.8 Proposals, Business Plans and Formal Reports
          o 24.8.1 Considerations
          o 24.8.2 Readers
          o 24.8.3 What is included in a proposal?
          o 24.8.4 Some tips to consider while writing your proposal...
    * 24.9 External Links

# 25 Oral Presentations

    * 25.1 Introduction
          o 25.1.1 Preparation
          o 25.1.2 Ways of Beginning a Speech
    * 25.2 Methods of Presenting Your Speech
          o 25.2.1 Manuscript Speaking
          o 25.2.2 Memorized Speaking
          o 25.2.3 Extemporaneous Speaking
    * 25.3 Do's and Don'ts
          o 25.3.1 Dress Code
          o 25.3.2 Delivering The Message
    * 25.4 Conclusion
          o 25.4.1 Ways of Ending a Speech
          o 25.4.2 Thank Your Audience
    * 25.5 External Links

# 26 Writer's Handbook
# 27 Contents
# 28 Understanding Grammar
# 29 What is Grammar?

    * 29.1 What is Grammar?

# 30 Parts of Speech

    * 30.1 Nouns
          o 30.1.1 Determiners
          o 30.1.2 Articles
          o 30.1.3 Using a and an
          o 30.1.4 Singular and Plural
          o 30.1.5 Possession
    * 30.2 Pronouns
    * 30.3 Verbs
          o 30.3.1 Principle Parts
          o 30.3.2 Subject-Verb Agreement
    * 30.4 Adjectives
    * 30.5 Adjectival Phrase
    * 30.6 Adverbs
          o 30.6.1 Difference between adverbs and adjectives
          o 30.6.2 Forming adverbs
          o 30.6.3 Placement
    * 30.7 Conjunctions
    * 30.8 Prepositions
    * 30.9 Interjections
    * 30.10 Active vs. Passive Voice
    * 30.11 Types of Sentences
    * 30.12 Tag Question
    * 30.13 Wh-Question
    * 30.14 Clauses
    * 30.15 Partitive
    * 30.16 Collective
          o 30.16.1 Phrasal Verb

# 31 Sentences

    * 31.1 Sentence Structure
          o 31.1.1 Independent clause
          o 31.1.2 Subordinate clause
          o 31.1.3 Complement Clause
          o 31.1.4 The Relative Clause
          o 31.1.5 Examples
    * 31.2 Sentence Purpose

# 32 Active and Passive Voice

    * 32.1 Voice in English Writing
    * 32.2 Active and Passive Voice Sentences
    * 32.3 Use of Passive Voice
    * 32.4 The Structural Difference
    * 32.5 A Note on the Passive Voice

# 33 Understanding Mechanics
# 34 Mechanics

    * 34.1 What is Mechanics?

# 35 Punctuation

    * 35.1 What Is Punctuation For?
    * 35.2 Is It Worth the Work?
    * 35.3 What's With All the Jargon?
          o 35.3.1 OK, which terms do I need to know?
                + 35.3.1.1 Independent clause
                + 35.3.1.2 Dependent clause
                + 35.3.1.3 Coordinating conjunctions
                + 35.3.1.4 Conjunctive adverbs
          o 35.3.2 Uses of "That"

# 36 Commas

    * 36.1 What Do Commas Do?
    * 36.2 Commas with two independent clauses
          o 36.2.1 The formula
          o 36.2.2 Errors
    * 36.3 Commas with introductory words and phrases
          o 36.3.1 Introductory Words
          o 36.3.2 Introductory Phrases
    * 36.4 Commas with cumulative clauses
    * 36.5 Commas and dependent clauses
          o 36.5.1 The formula
          o 36.5.2 Errors
    * 36.6 Commas and restrictive modifiers
    * 36.7 Commas and parenthetical elements
    * 36.8 Commas with multiple adjectives
    * 36.9 Commas with quotations
    * 36.10 Commas in a list
    * 36.11 Commas in dates, numbers, personal titles, and addresses

# 37 Semicolons

    * 37.1 Use
    * 37.2 Common Misuses

# 38 Colons

    * 38.1 Use
    * 38.2 Common Misuses

# 39 Apostrophes

    * 39.1 Use
    * 39.2 Common Misuses

# 40 Quotation Marks

    * 40.1 Use
    * 40.2 Using quoted material within your own writing

# 41 Hyphens and Dashes

    * 41.1 Dash
    * 41.2 Width Difference
    * 41.3 Hyphen

# 42 Parentheses

    * 42.1 What Do Parentheses Do?

# 43 Capitalization

    * 43.1 Basic Principles

# 44 Common Errors
# 45 Know your patterns
# 46 Homonyms

    * 46.1 Affect, Effect
    * 46.2 Afterward, Afterwards, Afterword
    * 46.3 Aid, Aide
    * 46.4 It's, Its
    * 46.5 Lay, Lie
    * 46.6 To, Too, Two

# 47 Lack of agreement between subject and verb

    * 47.1 Examples
    * 47.2 What is subject-verb agreement?
    * 47.3 Examples
    * 47.4 Other guidelines

# 48 Lack of agreement between noun and pronoun

    * 48.1 Rules
    * 48.2 Examples

# 49 Missing commas after introductory element
# 50 Sentence fragment
# 51 Missing or misplaced apostrophe
# 52 Unnecessary tense shift

    * 52.1 What is a tense shift?
    * 52.2 Examples of confusing tense shifts

# 53 Run-on sentence

    * 53.1 What is a run-on sentence?
    * 53.2 Examples of run-on sentences
    * 53.3 Fixing run-on sentences
    * 53.4 Examples of fixed run-on sentences
    * 53.5 Fused Sentences

# 54 Disruptive comma
# 55 Dangling modifier

    * 55.1 What is a dangling modifier?
    * 55.2 Examples

# 56 Citing Sources
# 57 Citation

    * 57.1 Overview of Citation
          o 57.1.1 Making a thesis
    * 57.2 Citing outside sources
          o 57.2.1 Parenthetical Citations
                + 57.2.1.1 Parenthetical (or In-Text) Citation Example
                + 57.2.1.2 How to Cite Your Outside Sources
          o 57.2.2 Works Cited Example

# 58 Plagiarism

    * 58.1 Overview of Plagiarism
    * 58.2 Examples of Plagiarism
          o 58.2.1 Rules to Avoid Plagiarism