RAC Attack - Oracle Cluster Database at Home/RAC Attack 12c/Configure Bind DNS

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  1. Enable BIND DNS to start at boot time.
  2. [root@collabn1 ~]# chkconfig named on
  3. Change named directory permissions.
  4. [root@collabn1 ~]# touch /var/named/racattack [root@collabn1 ~]# chgrp named /var/named/racattack [root@collabn1 ~]# chmod 664 /var/named/racattack [root@collabn1 ~]# chmod g+w /var/named
  5. Backup the BIND configuration file.
  6. [root@collabn1 ~]# cp /etc/named.conf /etc/named.conf.org
  7. Change /etc/named.conf permissions.
  8. [root@collabn1 ~]# chmod 664 /etc/named.conf Otherwise, the original protection may cause trouble in the restarting named step with write-protection errors in /var/log/messages.
  9. Run the following command or edit the /etc/named.conf file to change the named configuration manually.
  10. sed -i -e 's/listen-on .*/listen-on port 53 { 192.168.78.51; };/' \
    -e 's/allow-query .*/allow-query     { 192.168.78.0\/24; localhost; };\n        allow-transfer  { 192.168.78.0\/24; };/' \
    -e '$azone "racattack" {\n  type master;\n  file "racattack";\n};\n\nzone "in-addr.arpa" {\n  type master;\n  file "in-addr.arpa";\n};' \
    /etc/named.conf
    
    • In bold the lines that have been modified from the default.
    options {
           listen-on port 53 { 192.168.78.51; };
           listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
           directory       "/var/named";
           dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
           statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
           memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
           allow-query     { 192.168.78.0/24; localhost; };
           allow-transfer  { 192.168.78.0/24; };
           recursion yes;
    
           dnssec-enable yes;
           dnssec-validation yes;
           dnssec-lookaside auto;
    
           /* Path to ISC DLV key */
           bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";
    
           managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";
    };
    
    logging {
           channel default_debug {
                   file "data/named.run";
                   severity dynamic;
           };
    };
    
    zone "." IN {
           type hint;
           file "named.ca";
    };
    
    include "/etc/named.rfc1912.zones";
    include "/etc/named.root.key";
    
    zone "racattack" {
     type master;
     file "racattack";
    };
    
    zone "in-addr.arpa" {
     type master;
     file "in-addr.arpa";
    };
    
  11. Create the zone file for the racattack domain on collabn1 by running the following command:
  12. (Copy & Paste the whole box) echo '$TTL 3H @ IN SOA collabn1 hostmaster ( 101 ; serial 1D ; refresh 1H ; retry 1W ; expire 3H ) ; minimum NS collabn1 NS collabn2 localhost A 127.0.0.1 collabn1 A 192.168.78.51 collabn1-vip A 192.168.78.61 collabn1-priv A 172.16.100.51 collabn2 A 192.168.78.52 collabn2-vip A 192.168.78.62 collabn2-priv A 172.16.100.52 collabn-cluster-scan A 192.168.78.251 collabn-cluster-scan A 192.168.78.252 collabn-cluster-scan A 192.168.78.253' \ > /var/named/racattack
  13. Create the reverse zone file on collabn1.
  14. (Copy & Paste the whole box) echo '$TTL 3H @ IN SOA collabn1.racattack. hostmaster.racattack. ( 101 ; serial 1D ; refresh 1H ; retry 1W ; expire 3H ) ; minimum NS collabn1.racattack. NS collabn2.racattack. 51.78.168.192 PTR collabn1.racattack. 61.78.168.192 PTR collabn1-vip.racattack. 51.100.16.172 PTR collabn1-priv.racattack. 52.78.168.192 PTR collabn2.racattack. 62.78.168.192 PTR collabn2-vip.racattack. 52.100.16.172 PTR collabn2-priv.racattack. 251.78.168.192 PTR collabn-cluster-scan.racattack. 252.78.168.192 PTR collabn-cluster-scan.racattack. 253.78.168.192 PTR collabn-cluster-scan.racattack.' \ > /var/named/in-addr.arpa
  15. Generate the rndc.key file.
  16. [root@collabn1 ~]# rndc-confgen -a -r /dev/urandom wrote key file "/etc/rndc.key" [root@collabn1 ~]# chgrp named /etc/rndc.key [root@collabn1 ~]# chmod g+r /etc/rndc.key [root@collabn1 ~]# ls -lrta /etc/rndc.key -rw-r----- 1 root named 77 Nov 10 09:19 /etc/rndc.key
  17. Restart the named service.
  18. [root@collabn1 ~]# service named restart Stopping named: [ OK ] Starting named: [ OK ]
  19. Check that the parameter PEERDNS is set to no in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth2 to prevent the resolv.conf from being overwritten by the dhcp client:
  20. DEVICE=eth2 TYPE=Ethernet UUID=xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx ONBOOT=yes NM_CONTROLLED=yes BOOTPROTO=dhcp HWADDR=xx:xx:xx:xx:xx DEFROUTE=yes PEERDNS=no PEERROUTES=yes IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=yes IPV6INIT=no NAME="System eth2" USERCTL=no note: I (Yury) found that the following two should be set to NO to => DEFROUTE=no, PEERROUTES=no
  21. If it was set to yes previously, restart the network and verify that the file /etc/resolv.conf contains now the correct nameservers:
  22. [root@collabn1 ~]# service network restart Shutting down interface eth0: [ OK ] Shutting down interface eth1: [ OK ] Shutting down interface eth2: [ OK ] Shutting down loopback interface: [ OK ] Bringing up loopback interface: [ OK ] Bringing up interface eth0: [ OK ] Bringing up interface eth1: [ OK ] Bringing up interface eth2: Determining IP information for eth2... done. [ OK ]
  23. /etc/resolv.conf should contain:
  24. [root@collabn1 ~]# cat /etc/resolv.conf ; generated by /sbin/dhclient-script nameserver 192.168.78.51 nameserver 192.168.78.52 search racattack
  25. Check that the master DNS on collabn1 is working.
  26. [root@collabn1 ~]# nslookup collabn-cluster-scan.racattack Server: 192.168.78.51 Address: 192.168.78.51#53 Name: collabn-cluster-scan.racattack Address: 192.168.78.251 Name: collabn-cluster-scan.racattack Address: 192.168.78.252 Name: collabn-cluster-scan.racattack Address: 192.168.78.253