Prussian/Dative Nouns

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The Dative case is for the indirect object of the sentence. (The dog gives the newspaper to the man.) It is also used for prepositions, but almost all Prussian prepositions take the accusative case. This will be a short lesson.

Vocabulary[edit]

dātun = to give

skaitātun = to read

gremtun = to sing

peisātun = to write

pippelis = bird

grēma = sing, hymn

wāiklis = boy

kaūlan = bone

pēismen = letter

Sentences[edit]

As dāma tebbei wāblin. = I give you the apple.

Pippelis gremja wāiklju grēman. The bird sings a song to the boy.

Notice that there is no to. The to is included in the dative noun.

Tāns skaitāi nūmans lāiskans. = He reads the books to us.

Peisāi tū tenessei pēismen? = Are you writing her a letter.

In Prussian, there are no separate verbs for present continuous. You write and you are writing are the same. Also, pēismen is a neuter word with the not so common -en ending.

Tenēi dāst sunnjamans kaūlans. = They give the dogs bones.

Summary[edit]

In this lesson you learned dative nouns, pronouns, and verbs. You also saw your first question.

Noun Endings[edit]

Masculine

-s: u, amans

-is: ju, jamans

Feminine

-a: ai, amans

-e: ei, imans

-i: ei, imans

Neuter

-an: u, ammans

Pronouns[edit]

mennei

tebbei

tenesmu

tenessei

tenesmā

nūmans

jūmans

tenēimans

Verbs[edit]

skaitātun

As skaitāi

Tū skaitāi

Tāns skaitāi

Mes skaitāimai

Jūs skaitāitei

Tenēi skaitāi

dātun

As dāma

Tū dāsei

Tāns dāst

Mes dāmai

Jūs dāstei

Tenēi dāst

gremtun

As gremja

Tū gremja

Tāns gremja

Mes gremjamai

Jūs gremjatei

Tenēi gremja

peisātun

As peisāi

Tū peisāi

Tāns peisāi

Mes peisāimai

Jūs peisāitei

Tenēi peisāi