Prussian/Accusative Nouns

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The Accusative case is for the direct object of the sentence. (The dog loves the man.)


Vocabulary[edit]

ēstun = to eat

pūtun = to drink

turītun = to have (posses), should

wābli = apple

geīts = bread f

wundan = water

daddan = milk

lāisks = book

Sentences[edit]

As turri lāiskan. = I have a book.

This have is the possessive verb, not the helping verb. Have to and should will be covered in the lesson about helping verbs.

Tū pūja wundan. = You drink water.

Tenā ēst geītin. = She eats bread.

Geīts is one of those exceptionall words. Have you ever seen a word in another language like papa, where the word is obviously male, but it has a feminine ending? Geīts is a female word, but it has the masculine ending -s. However, there is a twist. Instead of having the -an ending like lāisks in the first sentence, it has -in, the singular accusative for feminine words ending in i.

Mes ēmai wāblins. = We eat apples.

Jūs turritei lāiskans. = You pl have books.

Tenēi pūja daddan. = They drink milk.

Milk is not a really good word to talk about plurals, unless you're talking about different kinds of milk. In fact this lesson over all probably does not have the best choice of vocabulary. But anyways, the word daddan has two constanants. In words like this, only the nominative plural (dadāi) has a single constanant.

Summary[edit]

In this lesson, you learned about the accusative case and were introduced to your first few verbs.

Noun Endings[edit]

Masculine

-s = an, ans

-is: jan, jans

Feminine

-a: an, ans

-e: in, ins

-i: in, ins

Neuter

an: an, ans

Verbs[edit]

Notice that the base is not turī, but tur, a cvc.

turītun

As turri

Tū turri

Tāns turri

Mes turrimai

Jūs turritei

Tenēi turri

ēstun

Remember būtwei, to be?

As ēma

Tū esei

Tāns ēst

Mes ēmai

Jūs ēstei

Tenēi est

pūtun

As pūja

Tū pūja

Tāns pūja

Mes pūjimai

Jūs pūjitei

Tenēi pūja