Programming Gambas from Zip/DidYouKnow
- 1 Did You Know? — From Gambas ONE
Did You Know? — From Gambas ONE
Shortcuts in Writing Code
Double-click a blank area of the form to start typing code for the Public Sub Form_Open() event. Double-click a button to start typing code for Public Sub Button_Click(). Otherwise, right-click the object or form > click EVENT… > choose the event you want to write code for.
If you want to start writing a new sub, type ps<tab> and you will see already typed for you:
Public Sub Name(Arguments) End
v<tab> is changed into Private $Var As Type
ds<tab>, df<tab> and di<tab> are changed into
Dim sVar As String
Dim fVar As Float
Dim iVar As Integer
If you hold down the CTRL key and click on a Gambas reserved word (e.g. Public, New, For, etc) the relevant help page is displayed. Selecting a keyword and pressing F2 also does it.
Right-click a tool in the toolbox and help will appear.
In preferences (Ctrl-Alt-P) switch on Local variable declaration then in your empty 'Sub' type iCount = 6 and a Dim iCount as Integer automatically appears.
Pausing and Looking at Variables
If the program is paused (you put in a “breakpoint” in a certain place in the code, and the execution reached this place, or you click the Pause button) you can select a variable (drag over it, or double-click it) and you will see its value.
Widen, Shorten and Move Things
If you select the width or height properties of a control, the up or down arrows increase or reduce it by 7 pixels.
If you select the X property of a control, up-arrow moves right, down-arrow moves left by 7 pixels. Similarly in the Y property value box, up-arrow moves down and down-arrow moves up (work that one out) by 7 pixels.
If you want a line or selected lines of code to move up, click in the line and press Alt-UpArrow. Alt-DownArrow moves it or them down.
Many Random Numbers
Dim siRand1, siRand2, siRand3, siRand4 As Short = Rand(0, 9)
This declares four short integer variables and puts a random digit between 0 and 9 into each.
Deleting a Whole Line of Code
Press Shift-Delete anywhere on the line.
Commenting and Uncommenting Lines of Code
Select the lines > Press Ctrl-K to “komment-out” the lines. Ctrl-U with lines selected will un-comment them. (Commenting out means making them into comments so they are not executed.)
Use a double equals sign to disregard case. For example, "Hello" == "HELLO" is true. "Hello" = "HELLO" is false.
You can also use a function to compare two strings String.Comp("Hello", "HELLO", gb.IgnoreCase) = 0 . String.Comp("Hello", "HELLO") <> 0 is true.