Programming Fundamentals/Variable Examples JavaScript

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Overview[edit]

The following examples demonstrate data types, arithmetic operations, and input in JavaScript.

Data Types[edit]

// This program demonstrates variables, literal constants, and data types.

var n;
var s;
var b;
    
n = 1.23456789012345;
s = "string";
b = true;
    
output("Number n = " + n);
output("String s = " + s);
output("Boolean b = " + b);

function output(text) {
  if (typeof document === 'object') {
    document.write(text);
  } 
  else if (typeof console === 'object') {
    console.log(text);
  } 
  else {
    print(text);
  }
}

Output[edit]

Number n = 1.23456789012345
String s = string
Boolean b = true

Discussion[edit]

Each code element represents:

    • // begins a comment
    • var n, s, and b define variables
    • ; ends each line of JavaScript code
    • i = , d = , s =, b = assign literal values to the corresponding variables
    • output() calls the output function
    • function output(text) defines a output function that checks the JavaScript environment and writes to the current document, the console, or standard output as appropriate.

Arithmetic[edit]

// This program demonstrates arithmetic operations.

var a;
var b;
    
a = 3;
b = 2;
output("a = " + a);
output("b = " + b);
output("a + b = " + (a + b));
output("a - b = " + (a - b));
output("a * b = " + a * b);
output("a / b = " + a / b);
output("a % b = " + (a % b));

function output(text) {
  if (typeof document === 'object') {
    document.write(text);
  } 
  else if (typeof console === 'object') {
    console.log(text);
  } 
  else {
    print(text);
  }
}

Output[edit]

a = 3
b = 2
a + b = 5
a - b = 1
a * b = 6
a / b = 1.5
a % b = 1

Discussion[edit]

Each new code element represents:

  • +, -, *, /, and % represent addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and modulus, respectively.

Temperature[edit]

// This program converts an input Fahrenheit temperature to Celsius.

var fahrenheit;
var celsius;
    
output("Enter Fahrenheit temperature:");
fahrenheit = input();

celsius = (fahrenheit - 32) * 5 / 9;

output(fahrenheit.toString() + "° Fahrenheit is " + celsius + "° Celsius");

function input(text) {
  if (typeof window === 'object') {
    return prompt(text)
  }
  else if (typeof console === 'object') {
    const rls = require('readline-sync');
    var value = rls.question(text);
    return value;
  }
  else {
    output(text);
    var isr = new java.io.InputStreamReader(java.lang.System.in); 
    var br = new java.io.BufferedReader(isr); 
    var line = br.readLine();
    return line.trim();
  }
}

function output(text) {
  if (typeof document === 'object') {
    document.write(text);
  } 
  else if (typeof console === 'object') {
    console.log(text);
  } 
  else {
    print(text);
  }
}

Output[edit]

Enter Fahrenheit temperature:
 100
100° Fahrenheit is 37.7777777777778° Celsius

Discussion[edit]

Each new code element represents:

  • function input(text) defines a function that checks the JavaScript environment and reads from the current window, the console, or standard input as appropriate.

References[edit]