Programming Fundamentals/Condition Examples C++

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Temperature[edit]

The temperature program main function is listed twice, once using if-then-else and once using switch, followed by the supporting functions.

If Then Else[edit]

// This program asks the user to select Fahrenheit or Celsius conversion
// and input a given temperature. Then the program converts the given 
// temperature and displays the result.
//
// References:
//     https://www.mathsisfun.com/temperature-conversion.html
//     https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/C%2B%2B_Programming

#include 

using namespace std;

char getChoice();
void processCelsius();
void processFahrenheit();
double getTemperature(string scale);
double calculateCelsius(double fahrenheit);
double calculateFahrenheit(double celsius);
void displayResult(double temperature, string fromScale, double result, string toScale);

int main() {
    char choice;
    
    choice = getChoice();
    if (choice == 'C' || choice == 'c') {
        processCelsius();
    } 
    else if (choice == 'F' || choice == 'f') {
        processFahrenheit();
    } 
    else {
        cout << "You must enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit." << endl;
    }
    return 0;
}

Switch[edit]

int main() {
    char choice;
    
    choice = getChoice();
    switch(choice) {
        case 'C':
        case 'c':
            processCelsius();
            break;
        case 'F':
        case 'f':
            processFahrenheit();
            break;
        default:
            cout << "You must enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit." << endl;
    }
    return 0;
}

Supporting Functions[edit]

char getChoice() {
    char choice;
    
    cout << "Enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit:" << endl; cin >> choice;
    
    return choice;
}

void processCelsius() {
    double temperature;
    double result;
    
    temperature = getTemperature("Fahrenheit");
    result = calculateCelsius(temperature);
    displayResult(temperature, "Fahrenheit", result, "Celsius");
}

void processFahrenheit() {
    double temperature;
    double result;
    
    temperature = getTemperature("Celsius");
    result = calculateFahrenheit(temperature);
    displayResult(temperature, "Celsius", result, "Fahrenheit");
}

double getTemperature(string scale) {
    double temperature;
    
    cout << "Enter " << scale << " temperature:" << endl; cin >> temperature;
    
    return temperature;
}

double calculateCelsius(double fahrenheit) {
    double celsius;
    
    celsius = (fahrenheit - 32) * 5 / 9;
    
    return celsius;
}

double calculateFahrenheit(double celsius) {
    double fahrenheit;
    
    fahrenheit = celsius * 9 / 5 + 32;
    
    return fahrenheit;
}

void displayResult(double temperature, string fromScale, double result, string toScale) {
    cout << temperature << "° " << fromScale << " is " << result << "° " << toScale << endl;
}

Output[edit]

Enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit:
 c
Enter Fahrenheit temperature:
 100
100° Fahrenheit is 37.7778° Celsius

Enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit:
 f
Enter Celsius temperature:
 100
100° Celsius is 212° Fahrenheit

Enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit:
 x
You must enter C to convert to Celsius or F to convert to Fahrenheit.

References[edit]