Portuguese/Contents/Future tense regular verbs

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Portuguese‎ | Contents
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Future Tense[edit | edit source]

In Portuguese you can use the future tense by saying 'I am going to' or 'I will,' by adding an ending. Ir + infinitive is the first way, and see below for the other way with all the verb endings required.

Using ir[edit | edit source]

In Portuguese, we often use the construction "going to".

ir + infinitive

You conjugate "ir" as normal, and then add the verb in the infinitive form.

For example, the verb "andar" (to walk):

Eu vou andar

Você/Ele/Ela vai andar

Nós vamos andar

Eles/Elas/Vocês vão andar

Simple Future[edit | edit source]

It is still possible, but slightly formal, to say "I will eat" or "I will swim". This is the simple future tense. This tense is one of the easiest to form in Portuguese. Just conjugate as below.

FALAR - To Speak

I will speak Eu falar ei
You (s,inf) will speak Tu falar ás
He will speak
(also ela, você)
Ele falar á
We will speak Nós falar
You (p) will speak Vós falar
They will speak
(also elas, vocês)
Eles falar ão

EXCEPTIONS - Trazer, dizer, fazer. See how to conjugate these in the future tense

Note that this construction works even if the verb is usually irregular. Ser, ter and ir, for example, can all be made into the future this way.

Splitting of Stem and Ending[edit | edit source]

When using indirect and direct object pronouns, the future stem and ending must be split. The stem is (except for the irregular verbs mentioned above) simply the infinitive. The indirect or direct object pronoun goes between the stem and the ending, as in these examples:

Eu falar-lhe-ei - I will speak to him/her/you

Você beijar-me-á - You will kiss me.

However, this construction is rare in spoken Portuguese. When an object pronoun is used, we usually use ir and the infinitive (see above).

Eu vou falar-lhe - I am going to speak to him/her/you.

Você vai beijar-me - You are going to kiss me.