Pig Latin/Lessons/3: Basic Verbs

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Main Concept[edit]

NAPL-folk are a skittish people, yet they are blunt, direct, and hate unnecessary complexity. Because of this, a ruffle common in other languages like Spanish, French, et. al., irregulary conjugations are not present in NAPL. Conjugations of NAPL are very standard-- there is only one exception to the standard conjugation, in fact. That's the word "to be" (covered next lesson). To keep ambiguity to a minimum and time spent talking short, conjugations signify both time and actor. The when and the who-done-it, all you'd need to solve a closed-circuit murder-mystery.

The conjugations are as follows:

Actor Past Present Future
Me -āyu -ayu -iyu
You -āyā -ayā -iyā
He/She/They -āyi -ayi -iyi
They -āyī -ayī -iyī
We -āyo -ayo -iyo

There are five more conjugations:

  • Hypothetical (if they ran, etc.): -uyu
  • Imperative (run away!,etc.): -ōyu
  • Imperfect (he was/will finishing, etc.): -(past/future conjugation)i
  • Infinitive (referring to an action):

Examples[edit]

He runs: unrayi [unrō, minus infinitive (ō), plus tense (a), plus actor (i)]
She will run: unriyi [unrō, minus infinitive (ō), plus tense (i), plus actor (i)]
They (1) had run: unrāyi [unrō, minus infinitive (ō), plus tense (ā), plus actor (i)]
They (2+) was running/used to run: unrāyii [unrō, minus infinitive (ō), plus tense (ā), plus actor (i), plus imperfect (i)]
We ran: unrāyo [unrō, minus infinitive (ō), plus tense (ā), plus actor (o)]

Vocabulary[edit]

Here are some common verbs in the infinitive form:

  1. unrō: to run
  2. ētō: to eat
  3. ilkō: to kill
  4. ītfō: to fight
  5. ēdnō: to need
  6. āntōuō: to want
  7. uvlō: to love
  8. athō: to hate
  9. iklō: to like
  10. ōurītō: to write
  11. līfō: to fly
  12. ivlō: to live
  13. akmō: to make
  14. kukō: to cook
  15. akbō: to bake
  16. īndfō: to find
  17. itgō: to get

Now for some common nouns and prepositions:

  1. omhay: home
  2. erťāy: there
  3. ōurkay: work
  4. ātťay: that

Exercises[edit]

NAPL to English[edit]

Translate the following into English:

  1. Itgiyā ātťay.
  2. Īāy rendfay ustjāy ilkāyā rāndmutrgay.
  3. Ēōāy āmradkay akbiyi īnfāy!
  4. Ilkāyui āmrādokay.
  5. Ēdnijā īndfō ōurkay.
  6. Makayī ōurkay erťāy.

Don't scroll down any more until you try to answer the questions!

Answers I[edit]

  1. You will get that.
  2. My friend just killed grandmother.
  3. Your comrade will bake finely!
  4. I was killing comrade.
  5. You will need to find work.
  6. They make work there.

English to NAPL[edit]

Translate these into NAPL:

  1. I eat that.
  2. I had ran to work.
  3. There, I found you.
  4. I like you... Well, I love you.
  5. I need to fly there.

Don't scroll down any more until you try to answer the questions!

Answers II[edit]

  1. Ētayu ātťay.
  2. Unrāyu.
  3. Īndfāyu erťāy ēō.
  4. Īklayu ēō... Ōuelay, uvlayu ēō.
  5. Ēdnayu erťāy līfō .