Organic Chemistry/Introduction to reactions/Radicals

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Organic Chemistry‎ | Introduction to reactions
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Go To Organic Chemistry Contents.png

Radical stability[edit | edit source]

Radicals listed from less to more stable

F° < Cl° < Br° < I°

F° is totally unstable while I° is generally unreactive.

Alkyl groups vary in stability. CH3° is quite reactive as it violates the octet rule. However, CH3+ is also a charged moiety and is therefore even less stable and harder to form.

Alkyl groups listed from less to more stable

CH3° < 1° < 2° < 3°

Clearly, the tertiary carbocation is the most stable, as it is surrounded by three other carbon atoms that share the burden of its positive charge.

(Multiple images follow)