Organic Chemistry/Foundational concepts of organic chemistry/Atomic structure/Molecular orbitals

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In organic chemistry we look at the hybridization of electron orbitals in to something called molecular orbitals.

Molecular orbitals sp3.jpg

The s and p orbitals in a carbon atom combine into four hybridized orbitals that repel each other in a shape much like that of four balloons tied together.

Remember what a tetrahedron looks like ?

Tetrahedron2.gif

I knew you did ...


Molecular orbitals sp2.jpg

pxpypz