Old Saxon

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Wis thū hēl! Hello!

This is the Wikibook for Old Saxon! Old Saxon is the West Germanic language that was spoken by the continental Saxons in the early Medieval period until into the end of the 12th century. It is very closely related to other historical West Germanic languages such as Old English and Old Frisian. In Old Saxon, there are many dialects such as Westphalian, Eastphalian, Engerian, Essen/Werden and Nord Old Saxon. It is the ancestor of modern day Plattdeutsch.



  1. Introduction
  2. Grammar
  3. Orthography
  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Articles
  4. Adjectives
  5. Numbers
  6. Verbs
  7. Participles
  8. Adverbs
  9. Conjunctions
  10. Prepositions
  11. Interjections
  12. Appositives
  13. Word formation
  14. Punctuation
  15. Syntax


Here are some places to find some Old Saxon texts

Niederdeutsch in Westfalen - Historisches Digitales Textarchiv


"The Old Saxon Language: Grammar, Epic Narrative, Linguistic Interference (Toronto Studies in Religion)" by Irmengard Rauch

"Altsächsisches Elementarbuch" by Dr. F. Holthausen

"Geography and Dialects in Old Saxon: River basin communication networks and the distributional patterns of Ingwaeonic features in Old Saxon" by Arjen Versloot, and Elżbieta Adamczyk