Na'vi/Na'vi–English dictionary/glottal series/Print version

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Na’vi–English[edit | edit source]

Confirmed Naʼvi words and affixes are listed here in alphabetical order. Ä, ì, rr, ll, ng (= g), ts (= c), kx, px, tx are ordered as distinct letters from a, i, r, l, n, t, k, p, t. Frommer's preferred orthography, with g for ng and c for ts, is included in parentheses to allow electronic searches. Stress is indicated in IPA transcription: The stress mark ‹ ˈ › appears before the stressed syllable, and syllable breaks are marked with a dot. Prefixes and adpositions which cause lenition are marked with a plus sign, ay+, −ro+. Infix slots of verbs are marked in italics by raised dots (•). Many of these slots are theoretical rather than attested. Stem-changing words (short plurals, verbal contractions, genitives) are included; many short plurals are assumed rather than attested.

Underlying /n/ is spelled 'm' before 'p' in compound words, as in txampay (txan-pay) "sea". However, before 'k' it is spelled 'n', as in zenke (zene-ke) "not need to", despite the fact that it is pronounced /ŋ/ and that this sound is spelled 'ng' before 'k' within a root such as pängkxo "chat".

The vocabulary can be greatly expanded through productive use of Naʼvi's word-building affixes, but such forms have not been included here unless they are attested in print or email from Paul Frommer.

Abbreviations
attr. attributive forms
du. dual form
infix infix positions
tri. trial form
pl. plural forms
Parts of speech and classes of affix:
ADJ. adjective
ADP. adposition (functions as preposition and suffix)
ADV. adverb
AFF. affix (functions as prefix and suffix)
CONJ. conjunction
INF. infix
INTJ. interjection
MIM. mimesis
N. noun
N.PL. plural noun
PART. particle
PREP. preposition
PN. pronoun
PREF. prefix
SUFF. suffix
V. verb
V.DAT. dative verb (takes intransitive and dative arguments, like lu 'have')
V.DI. ditransitive verb (takes ergative, accusative, and dative arguments, like tìng 'give')
V.IN. intransitive verb (takes intransitive argument only, like lu 'be')
V.TR. transitive verb (takes ergative and accusative arguments, like tse'a 'see')


Glottal series[edit | edit source]

Following are Na’vi words starting with the glottal lenition series of consonants: (glottal stop) and the vowels A, Ä, E, I, Ì, O, U


ʼ[edit | edit source]

ʼampi v.tr. /ˈʔam.pi/, infix ʼ•amp•i [.]

touch
ʼampirikx n. /ˈʔam.pi.ɾikʼ/ [FE] leaf pitcher plant (rikx move)

ʼango (ʼago) adj. /ˈʔa.ŋo/, attr. ʼangoa N. aʼango [.]

soft (of a sound)

ʼangtsìk (ʼagcìk) n. /ˈʔaŋ.tsɪk/, pl. angtsìk [.]

Hammerhead Titanothere (a rhino-like animal)

ʼaw num. /ˈʔau̯/, attr. ʼawa N. aʼaw [.]

one
ʼawlie adv. /ʔau̯.ˈli.ɛ/ [.] once (in the past)
ʼawlo adv. /ˈʔau̯.lo/ [FE] once, one time (now or in the future) (alo a turn)
ʼawpo pn. /ˈʔau̯.po/, pl. awpo? [.] an individual
tìʼawpo n. /tɪ.ˈʔau̯.po/ [.] individuality, self-centeredness, selfishness
ʼawsiteng (ʼawsiteg) adv. /ʔau̯.si.ˈtɛŋ/ [.] together
ʼawstengyem (ʼawstegyem) v.tr. /ʔau̯.stɛŋ.ˈjɛm/, infix ʼawstengy••em [.] join (yem put)
ʼawve adj. /ˈʔau̯.vɛ/, attr. ʼawvea N. aʼawve [.] first
nìʼawve adv. /nɪ.ˈʔau̯.vɛ/ [.] first
trrʼawve n, adv. /tr̩.ˈʔau̯.vɛ/ [.] Sunday
keʼaw adj. /ke.ˈʔau̯/, attr. keʼawa N. akeʼaw [FE] divided
kawpref. /ˈkau̯/ [.] no- (see kaw-)
nìʼaw adv. /nɪ.ˈʔau̯/ [.] only
nìʼawtu adv. /nɪ.ˈʔau̯.tu/ [.] alone ("as one person")
volaw num. /vo.ˈlau̯/, attr. volawa N. avolaw [.] nine (octal 11)

ʼawkx n. /ˈʔau̯kʼ/, pl. awkx [.]

cliff

ʼawm n. /ˈʔau̯m/, pl. awm [.]

camp
tìʼawm n. /tɪ.ˈʔau̯m/ [.] camping
tìʼawm si v. /tɪ.ˈʔau̯m si/, infix tìʼawm s••i [.] to camp

ʼäʼo n. /ˈʔæ.ʔo/, pl. äʼo [FE]

pitcher plant

ʼänsyem adj. /ʔæn.ˈsjɛm/, attr. ʼänsyema N. aʼänsyem [.]

whole, complete

ʼärìp v.tr. /ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/, infix ʼ•är•ìp [.]

move (cf. rikx)
käʼärìp v.tr. /kæ.ˈæ.ɾɪp/ [.] push
zaʼärìp v.tr. /za.ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/ [.] pull

ʼeʼal adj. /ˈʔɛ.ʔal/, attr. ʼeʼala N. aʼeʼal [.]

worst

ʼefu v. /ˈʔɛ.fu/, infix ʼ•ef•u [.]

perceive, sense, feel
oe ʼefu som /ˈo.ɛ.ˈʔɛ.fu.ˈsom/ [FE] I am hot
ʼefu nitram /ˈʔɛ.fu.nit.ˈɾam/ [FE] be happy"
ʼefu ohakx /ˈʔɛ.fu.o.ˈhakʼ/ [.] be hungry
tìʼefu n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛ.fu/, pl. sìʼefu [.] feeling
tìʼefumì oeyä /tɪ.ˈʔɛ.fu.mɪ.ˈwɛ.jæ/ [.] in my opinion

ʼeko v. /ˈʔɛ.ko/, infix ʼ•ek•o [.]

attack

ʼekong (ʼekog) n. /ˈʔɛ.koŋ/, pl. ekong [.]

beat
ʼekong teʼlanä /ˈʔɛ.koŋ tɛʔ.ˈla.næ/ the beat of the hearts

ʼel...

?
ʼeleʼwll n. /ˈʔɛ.lɛʔ.wl̩/, pl. eleʼwll [FE] thorny paw plant (ʼewll plant)

ʼem v. /ˈʔɛm/, infix ʼ••em [.]

cook

ʼengeng (ʼegeg) adj. /ˈʔɛŋ.ɛŋ/, attr. ʼengenga N. aʼengeng [.]

even, level
reyʼeng n. /ɾɛi̯.ˈʔɛŋ/ [.] balance of life

ʼeoio adj. /ˈʔɛ.o.i.o/, attr. ʼeoioa N. aʼeoio [F]

ceremonious
nìʼeoio adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɛ.o.i.o/ [F] ceremoniously

ʼeveng (ʼeveg) n. /ˈʔɛ.vɛŋ/, du. meveng, tri. pxeveng, pl. eveng, ayeveng [.]

a child
ʼevi n. /ˈʔɛ.vi/, du. mevi, tri. pxevi, pl. evi, ayevi [.] kid (affectionate form of ʼeveng)
vi suff. /vi/ [FE] (suffix for the product/spawn of something larger)

ʼewan adj. /ˈʔɛ.wan/, attr. ʼewana N. aʼewan [.]

young

ʼewll n. /ˈʔɛ.wl̩/, pl. ewll [.]

plant
wll suff. /wl̩/ (suffix in various plant names)
prrwll n. /ˈpr̩.wl̩/, pl. frrwll? [.] moss

ʼeylan n. /ˈʔɛi̯.lan/, du. meylan, tri. pxeylan, pl. eylan, ayeylan [.]

friend
tìʼeylan n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛi̯.lan/ [.] friendship

ʼeyng (ʼeyg) v. /ˈʔɛi̯ŋ/, infix ʼ••eyng [.]

respond, to answer
nìʼeyng (nìʼeyg) adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɛi̯ŋ/ [.] in answer, in response
tìʼeyng (tìʼeyg) n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛi̯ŋ/, pl. sìʼeyng [.] an answer, a response

ʼiʼa v. /ˈʔiʔ.a/, infix ʼ•iʼ•a [.]

end, conclude
tìʼiʼa n. /tɪ.ˈʔiʔ.a/, pl. sìʼiʼa [FE] (the) end
tìʼiʼavay krrä /tɪ.ˈʔiʔ.a.vai̯ ˈkr̩.æ/ [FE] forever, until the end of time

ʼia v. /ˈʔi.a/, infix ʼ•i•a [.]

become absorbed, lose oneself

ʼit n. /ˈʔit/, pl. it [.]

a bit, a small amount
ʼitan n. /ˈʔi.tan/, pl. itan [.] son
ʼite n. /ˈʔi.tɛ/, pl. ite [.] daughter
kawʼit adv. /kau̯.ˈʔit/ [.] not a bit, not at all
nìʼit adv. /nɪ.ˈʔit/ [.] (do) a little, a bit

ʼìʼawn v. /ʔɪ.ˈʔau̯n/, infix ʼ•ìʼ•awn [.]

remain, stay

ʼìheyu n. /ʔɪ.ˈhɛ.ju/, pl. ìheyu [.]

spiral
ìheyu sìreyä /ɪ.hɛ.ju sɪ.ɾɛ.jæ/ the spiral of lives

ʼìnglìsì (ʼìglìsì) n. /ˈʔɪŋ.lɪ.sɪ/ [.]

the English language
nìʼìnglìsì (nìʼìglìsì) adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɪŋ.lɪ.sɪ/ in English

ʼok n. /ˈʔok/, pl. ok [.]

remembrance, memory

ʼong (ʼog) v.in. /ˈʔoŋ/, infix ʼ••ong [.]

unfold, blossom

ʼopin n. /ˈʔo.pin/, pl. opin [.]

color

ʼora n. /ˈʔo.ɾa/, pl. ora [.]

lake

ʼRrta n. /ˈʔr̩.ta/ [.]

Earth
Trr ʼRrtayä n. /tr̩.ˈʔr̩.ta.jæ/ [FE]

ʼu n. /ˈʔu/, pl. ayu [., FE]

thing (abstract or concrete)
ʼuo pn. /ˈʔu.o/ [.] something
ʼupe, peu pn. /ˈʔu.pɛ, pɛ.ˈu/ [.] what (thing)
fraʼu pn. /ˈfɾa.ʔu/ [.] everything
keʼu pn. /ˈkɛ.ʔu/ [.] nothing, none
keʼu adv. /ˈkɛ.ʔu/ [.] none at all, not at all

ʼul /ˈʔul/

?
nìʼul adv. /nɪ.ˈʔul/ [.] more
nulkrr adv. /nul.ˈkr̩/ [.] longer (time) (krr time)
nulnew v. /nul.ˈnɛu̯/, infix nuln••ew [.] rather, prefer (new to want)

ʼupxare n. /ʔu.ˈpʼa.ɾɛ/, pl. upxare [.]

message

A[edit | edit source]

a conj. /a/ [.]

which, that, who (relativizer and subordinator)
aaff. /a/ [.] (links adjectives to nouns)
alìm adv. /a.ˈlɪm/ [.] far away, at a distance (irregular from lìm be far)
asim adv. /a.ˈsim/ [.] nearby, at close range (irregular sim be near)

Akwey n. /ak.ˈwɛi̯/ [FE]

(male name)

alaksi adj. /a.ˈlak.sɪ/, attr. alaksia N. alaksi [.]

ready

alìm adv. /a.ˈlɪm/ [.] far away, at a distance (lìm be far)

ʼÌʼawn alìm! /ʔɪ.ˈʔau̯.na.ˈlɪm/ [FE] "Stay back!"

alminf. /al.m/

compound past.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

alo n. /a.ˈlo/ [.]

turn, instance, number of times
alo oeyä /a.ˈlo ˈwɛ.jæ/ my turn
fralo adv. /ˈfɾa.lo/ each time, every time
ʼawlo adv. /ˈʔau̯.lo/ [.] once
alo aʼaw (nìʼaw) /a.ˈlo.a.ˈʔau̯.nɪ.ˈʔau̯/ [FE] (just) one time
melo adv. /ˈmɛ.lo/ [.] twice
pxelo adv. /ˈpʼɛ.lo/ [FE] thrice
alo apxey /a.ˈlo.a.ˈpʼɛi̯/ [FE] three times
alo atsìng, tsìnga alo /a.ˈlo.a.ˈtsɪŋ, ˈtsɪ.ŋa.ˈlo/ [FE] four times
alo amrr, mrra alo /a.ˈlo.a.ˈmr, ˈmr̩.a.ˈlo/ [FE] five times

alunta conj. /a.ˈlun.ta/ [FE] because (lun reason; cf. talun(a))

alyinf. /al.j/

compound fut.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

aminf. /a.m/

past infix (in medial TAM position)

Amhul n. /am.ˈhul/ [FE]

(female name)

ampirikx n.pl. /ˈam.pi.ɾikʼ/

Short plural of ʼampirikx. leaf pitcher plant

anìheyu n. /a.nɪ.ˈhɛ.ju/ [FE]

fibonacci plant (ʼìheyu spiral)

angtsìk (agcìk) n.pl. /aŋ.tsɪk/

Short plural of ʼangtsìk. Hammerhead

apxa adj. /a.ˈpʼa/, attr. apxa N. apxa [.]

large
apxangrr (apxagrr) n. /a.ˈpʼa. ŋr̩/ [FE] delta tree (ngrr root)
tsawlapxangrr (cawlapxagrr) n. /ˈtsau̯.la.pʼa.ŋr̩/, pl. sawlapxangrr [FE] unidelta tree (tsawl tall)

arminf. /aɾ.m/

compound past.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

aryinf. /aɾ.j/

compound fut.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

asim adv. /a.ˈsim/ [.] nearby, at close range (sim be near)

asyinf. /a.sj/

compound fut.intent infix (in medial TAM position)

atan n. /a.ˈtan/ [.]

light (source of illumination)

Ateyo n. /a.ˈtɛ.jo/ [FE]

(male name)
Ateyitan n. /?/ "son of Ateyo" [to confirm]

atoki n.

?
atokirinaʼ n. /a.to.ki.ˈɾi.naʔ/ [.] seeds of the great tree (rinaʼ "seed")

atxkxe n. /atʼ.ˈkʼɛ/ [.]

land

ats› (ac) inf. /a.ts/

evid infix (affect; added to final syllable)

au n. /ˈa.u/ [.]

drum (made of skin)

au! intj. /a.ˈu/ [.]

no, it can't be! (expresses consternation)

aungia n. /a.ˈu.ŋi.a/ [.]

sign, omen

awaiei n. /a.wa.i.ˈɛ.i/ [FE]

banshee of paradise plant

aweykta conj. /a.ˈwɛi̯k.ta/ [FE] because (oeyk cause; cf. taweyk(a))

awkx n.pl. /ˈau̯kʼ/

Short plural of ʼawkx. cliff

awm n.pl. /ˈau̯m/

Short plural of ʼawm. camps

awninf. /au̯.n/

pass infix (in initial valency position)

awnga (awga) pn. /au̯.ˈŋa/ [FE]

we (including you); alt. for ayoeng
dat awngaru, awngar pn. /au̯.ˈŋa.ɾu, au̯.ˈŋaɾ/ [FE]
gen awngeyä pn. /au̯.ˈŋɛ.jæ/ [FE]

ayinf. /a.j/

fut infix (in medial TAM position)

ay+ pref. /ai̯/ [FM]

(plural prefix) (causes lenition)
ayfo pn. /ai̯.ˈfo, ˈai̯.fo/ [.] they (= fo)
aylaru pn. /ai̯.ˈla.ɾu/ [.] to the others
aynga (ayga) pn. /ai̯.ˈŋa/ [.] you all
ayoe pn. /ai̯.ˈo.ɛ/ [.] we (exclusive)
ayoeng (ayoeg) pn. /ai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [.] we (inclusive)
nìayoeng (nìayoeg) pn. /nai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [.] like us (inclusive)

Ä[edit | edit source]

ä suff. /æ/

Form of gen −yä. after a consonant and the vowels i, u, o.

äʼo n.pl. /ˈæ.ʔo/

Short plural of ʼäʼo. pitcher plant

äie n. /æ.ˈi.ɛ/ [.]

a vision

Änsìt n. /ˈæn.sɪt/ [FE]

(male name)

äng› (äg) inf. /æ.ŋ/

pej infix (affect; added to final syllable)

äoadp. /ˈæ.o/ [.]

below

äpinf. /æ.p/

refl infix (in initial valency position)

ätxäle n. /æ.ˈtʼæ.lɛ/ [.]

a request
ätxäle si v. /æ.ˈtʼæ.lɛ.si/, infix ätxäle s••i to (make a) request

E[edit | edit source]

ean adj. /ˈɛ.an/, attr. eana N. aean [.]

blue, green
nìean adv. /nɪ.ˈɛ.an/ in blue
eanean n. /ˈɛ.an.ˈɛ.an/ [FE] cheadle plant

eiinf. /ɛ.i./

approb infix (affect; added to final syllable)

ekong n.pl. /ˈɛ.koŋ/

Short plural of ʼekong. beat

ekxan n. /ɛ.ˈkʼan/ [.]

obstruction, barrier, baricade

eleʼwll n.pl. /ˈɛ.lɛʔ.wl̩/

Short plural of ʼeleʼwll. thorny paw plant

eltu n. /ˈɛl.tu/ [.]

a brain
eltu si v. /ˈɛl.tu si/, infix eltu s••i [.] pay attention, quit goofing off
eltungawng n. /ˈɛl.tu.ŋau̯ŋ/ [.] brainworm (hallucinogenic)
eltu lefngap n. /ɛl.tu.lɛ.ˈfŋap/ [.] computer

emzaʼu v. /ɛm.ˈza.ʔu/, infix emz•aʼ•u [.]

to pass (a test for initiation) (= em "over" + zaʼu "come")

Entu n. /ˈɛn.tu/ [FE]

(male name)

eoadp. /ˈɛ.o/ [.]

in front of

erinf. /ɛ.ɾ/

ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

etrìp adj. /ˈɛt.ɾɪp/, attr. etrìpa N. aetrìp [.]

auspicious, favourable

eveng (eveg) n.pl. /ˈɛ.vɛŋ/

Short plural of ʼeveng. child
evi n.pl. /ˈɛ.vi/ Short plural of ʼevi. kid

ewll n.pl. /ˈɛ.wl̩/

Short plural of ʼewll. plant

eyawr adj. /ɛi̯.ˈau̯ɾ/, attr. eyawra N. aeyawr [.]

right, correct [check syll]
keyawr adj. /kɛ.ˈjau̯ɾ/, attr. keyawra N. akeyawr [.] wrong, incorrect [syll differs]
tìyawr n. /tɪ.ˈjau̯ɾ/ [.] correctness, being correct
ngaru tìyawr [.] you're right

eyaye n. /ɛ.ˈja.jɛ/ [FE]

warbonnet fern

eykinf. /ɛi̯.k/

caus infix (in initial valency position)

eyk v. /ˈɛi̯k/, infix ••eyk [.]

lead
eyktan n. /ˈɛi̯k.tan/ [.] leader

eylan n.pl. /ˈɛi̯.lan/

Short plural of ʼeylan. friend

Eytukan n. /ˈɛi̯.tu.kan/ [FE]

(male name)

Eywa n. /ˈɛi̯.wa/ [.]

Pandoran "World spirit" and Naʼvi deity, equivalent to Gaea
Eywa ngahu /ˈɛi̯.wa ˈŋa.hu/ [.] good-bye (lit. "Eywa (be) with you")
Eywaʼeveng (Eywaʼeveg) n. /ˌɛi̯.wa.ˈʔɛ.vɛŋ/ [.] Pandora (the Naʼvi world)

I[edit | edit source]

iʼen n. /ˈi.ʔɛn/ [.]

stringed instrument

Iknimaya n. /ˈik.ni.ˈma.ja/ [.]

Hallelujah Mountains (Thundering rocks, Stairway to Heaven (floating mountains))

ikran n. /ˈik.ɾan/ [.]

Mountain Banshee (a pterosaur-like animal)

ilvinf. /il.v/

compound pfv.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

imvinf. /im.v/

compound past.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

ioadp. /ˈi.o/ [.]

above

ioang (ioag) n. /i.ˈo.aŋ/ [.]

animal, beast
hìʼang n. /ˈhɪ.ʔaŋ/ [.] bug (hìʼi little)
payoang (payoag) n. /pai̯.ˈo.aŋ/, pl. fayoang [.] fish (pay water)
talioang (talioag) n. /ˈtal.i.o.aŋ/, pl. salioang [.] sturmbeest
yayo n. /ˈja.jo/ [.] bird (ya air)

irayo part. /i.ˈɾa.jo/ [.]

thank you
ireiyo part. /i.ˈɾɛ.i.jo/ (Jake's pronunciation in the film) thank you
irayo si v. /i.ˈɾa.jo si/, infix irayo s••i [FE] thank
oe ngaru seiyi irayo /ˈo.ɛ ˈŋa.ɾu sɛ.i.ˈji i.ˈɾa.jo/ I thank you

irvinf. /iɾ.v/

compound ipfv.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

it suff. /it/

acc case suffix, reduced to −t after a vowel. Also invariable −ti.

it n.pl. /ˈit/

Short plural of ʼit. bit
itan n.pl. /ˈi.tan/ Short plural of ʼitan. son
ite n.pl. /ˈi.tɛ/ Short plural of ʼite. daughter

ivinf. /i.v/

sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

iyevinf. /i.jɛ.v/

compound fut.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

Ì[edit | edit source]

ìheyu n.pl. /ɪ.hɛ.ju/

Short plural of ʼìheyu. spiral

ìl suff. /ɪl/

erg case suffix, reduced to −l after a vowel

ìlä+ adp. /ˈɪ.læ, ɪ.ˈlæ/ [.]

along, via, following
kxamläadp. /ˈkʼam.læ/ [.] through (via the kxam middle)

ìley! intj. /ɪ.ˈlɛi̯/ [.]

alala! (battle cry)

ìlminf. /ɪl.m/

compound rec.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

ìlyinf. /ɪl.j/

compound imm.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

ìminf. /ɪ.m/

rec past infix (in medial TAM position)

ìmìyinf. /ɪ.mɪ.j/

compound rec.imm infix (in medial TAM position)

ìri suff. /ɪ.ɾi/

top case suffix, reduced to −ri after a vowel

ìrminf. /ɪɾ.m/

compound rec.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

ìryinf. /ɪɾ.j/

compound imm.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

Ìstaw n. /ɪ.ˈstau̯/ [FE]

(male name)

ìsyinf. /ɪ.sj/

compound imm.intent infix (in medial TAM position)

ìyinf. /ɪ.j/

imm future infix (in medial TAM position)

ìyevinf. /ɪ.jɛ.v/

Alternate of iyev.

O[edit | edit source]

o suff. /o/

(indefinite suffix)
lu ketuwongo nìʼaw [FE] "it's just some alien"
ayupxareo [FE] "some messages"
ʼuo pn. /ˈʔu.o/ [.] something
tuteo pn. /ˈtu.tɛ.o/ [.] somebody
tsengo (cego) adv. /ˈtsɛ.ŋo/ [.] somewhere
trro adv. /ˈtr̩.o/ [FE] one day, some day
? oeyk n. /o.ˈɛi̯k/ [.] cause

oe pn. /ˈo.ɛ/, du. moe, tri. pxoe, pl. ayoe [.,FE] /ˈmo.ɛ, ˈpʼo.ɛ, ai̯.ˈo.ɛ/ [stress trial? syll. pl?]

I, we (but not you)
erg oel pn. /ˈwɛl/, du. moel, tri. pxoel, pl. ayoel /ˈmo.ɛl, ˈpʼo.ɛl, ai̯.ˈwɛl/
acc oeti pn. /ˈwɛ.ti/, du. moeti, tri. pxoeti, pl. ayoeti /ˈmo.ɛ.ti, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ti, ai̯.ˈwɛ.ti/
gen oeyä pn. /ˈwɛ.jæ/, du. moeyä, tri. pxoeyä, pl. ayoeyä /ˈmo.ɛ.jæ, ˈpʼo.ɛ.jæ, ai̯.ˈwɛ.jæ/
dat1 oeru pn. /ˈwɛ.ɾu/, du. moeru, tri. pxoeru, pl. ayoeru /ˈmo.ɛ.ɾu, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ɾu, ai̯.ˈwɛ.ɾu/
dat2 oer pn. /ˈwɛɾ/, du. moer, tri. pxoer, pl. ayoer /ˈmo.ɛɾ, ˈpʼo.ɛɾ, ai̯.ˈwɛɾ/
top oeri pn. /ˈwɛ.ɾi/, du. moeri, tri. pxoeri, pl. ayoeri /ˈmo.ɛ.ɾi, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ɾi, ai̯.ˈwɛ.ɾi/
oehu pn. /ˈwɛ.hu/? with me
oeng (oeg) pn. /ˈwɛŋ/, tri. pxoeng, pl. ayoeng [.,FE] /ˈpʼo.ɛŋ, ai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [stress trial?]
we two (you and I), all of us
erg oengal pn. /wɛ.ŋal/ [stress?]
acc1 oengat pn. /wɛ.ŋat/ [stress?]
acc2 oengati pn. /wɛ.ŋa.ti/ [stress?]
gen oengeyä pn. /wɛ.ŋɛ.jæ/ [confirm form]
nìayoeng (nìayoeg) adv. /nai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [.] like us
awnga (awga) pn. /au̯.ˈŋa/ [FE] we (you and us: alt. for ayoeng)
ohe pn. /ˈo.hɛ/, du. mohe, tri. pxohe, pl. ayohe [.,FE] /ˈmo.hɛ, ˈpʼo.hɛ, ai̯.ˈo.hɛ/
I (deferential or ceremonial form)
ohe ngengasì (ohe gegasì) pn. /ˈo.hɛ ŋɛ.ˈŋa.sɪ/ [FE] we two (inclusive & formal)
gen ohengeyä (ohegeyä) /o.hɛ.ŋɛ.jæ/ our (inclusive dual & formal) [stress?]

oeyk n. /o.ˈɛi̯k/ [.]

cause (eyk to lead)
oeyktìng (oeyktìg) v. /o.ˈɛi̯k.tɪŋ/, infix oeykt••ìng [.] explain, say why
tìoeyktìng (tìoeyktìg) n. /tɪ.o.ˈɛi̯k.tɪŋ, tɪ.ˈwɛi̯k.tɪŋ/, pl. sìoeyktìg [FE] explanation
taweyka, taweyk conj. /ta.ˈwɛi̯.ka, ta.ˈwɛi̯k/ [.] because (English clause order)
aweykta conj. /a.ˈwɛi̯k.ta/ [FE] because (opposite clause order)

ohakx adj. /o.ˈhakʼ/, attr. ohakxa N. aohakx [.]

hungry
tìohakx n. /tɪ.o.ˈhakʼ/ [.] hunger
ʼefu ohakx /ˈʔɛ.fu.o.ˈhakʼ/ [.] be hungry

oìsss! intj. /o.ˈɪsː/ [.]

(hiss, snarl; expresses anger)

ok n.pl. /ˈok/

Short plural of ʼok. memory

olinf. /o.l/

pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

oloʼ n. /o.ˈloʔ/ [.]

clan
oloʼeyktan n. /o.lo.ˈʔɛi̯k.tan/ [.] clan leader

Omatikaya n. /o.ma.ti.ˈka.ja/ [F]

the Blue Flute Clan
gen Omatikayaä /o.ma.ti.ˈka.ja.æ/ [FE] (irregular)

omum v. /ˈo.mum/, infix •om•um [.]

know
nìawnomum adv. /nɪ.au̯.ˈno.mum/ [.] as is known

ontu n. /ˈon.tu/ [.]

nose

opin n.pl. /ˈo.pin/

Short plural of ʼopin. color

ora n.pl. /ˈo.ɾa/

Short plural of ʼora. lake

Otranyu n. /ot.ˈɾan.ju/ [FE]

(clan name)

U[edit | edit source]

ukxo adj. /u.ˈkʼo/, attr. ukxoa N. aukxo [.]

dry

ulte conj. /ˈul.tɛ/ [.]

and (joins clauses)

ultxa n. /ul.ˈtʼa/ [.]

meeting
ultxa si v. /ul.ˈtʼa.si/, infix ultxa s••i [FE] meet, have a meeting (use hu for 'with')
ultxarun v. /ul.ˈtʼa.ɾun/, infix ultxar••un [FE] encounter, meet (by chance; run find)

unil n. /ˈu.nil/ [.]

dream
uniltaron n. /ˈu.nil.ˈta.ɾon/ [.] Dream Hunt (initiation ceremony)
uniltìrantokx n. /ˈu.nil.tɪ.ˈɾan.tokʼ/ [.] an avatar (dreamwalker body) (tìran to walk, tokx body)
uniltìranyu n. /ˈu.nil.tɪ.ˈɾan.ju/ [.] dreamwalker

uoadp. /ˈu.o/ [.]

behind

upxare n.pl. /u.ˈpʼa.ɾɛ/

Short plural of ʼupxare. message

ur suff. /uɾ/

dat case suffix, from *−uru; reduced to −ru (and frequently shortened to −r) after a vowel

usinf. /u.s/

actv infix (in initial valency position)

utral n. /ˈut.ɾal/ [.]

tree
ut suff. /ut/ [SG] (suffix in various tree names)
Utral Aymokriyä n. /ˈut.ɾal ai̯.ˈmok.ɾi.jæ/ [.] Tree of Voices (mokri voice)
Vitrautral n. /vit.ˈɾa.ut.ɾal/ [.] the Tree of Souls

uvan n. /u.ˈvan/ [.]

a game
uvan si v. /u.ˈvan.si/, infix uvan s••i [.] play a game

uyinf. /u.j/

form infix (affect; added to final syllable)