Movie Making Manual/Cinematography/Cameras and Formats/Table of Cameras

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This Module is part of the Cinematography section of the Movie Making Manual

Please see the Comparison table of formats for details such as datarate, luma sampling frequency etc


Model Manufacturer Price Format(s) Medium(s) Sensor resolution Sensor technology # Sensors Sensor size Recording resolution(s) & frame rate(s) Chroma subsampling b/p/c Low lux Lens View finder LCD size DR @ 0db SNR @ 0db Video outputs Video inputs Audio Digital IO Weight Notes
HVR-Z1 Sony $5k HDV, DVCam mini DV tape 1280x720(0.9MP) with pixel shift CCD 3 1/3" = 8.4mm 1440x1080/25i 4:2:0 8 bit ? 3lux 4.5 - 54 mm Colour 3.5" HD 6 stops ? Composite MPEG layer II IEEE1394 1.9kg

AG-HVX200 Panasonic $6k DVCproHD, DVCpro50, DVCpro, DV MiniDV, P2 1280x720 (0.9MP) with pixel shift native 1080/60 progressive CCD (not confirmed by Panasonic, might be smaller and use pixel-shifting) 3 1/3" 1080/60i, 1080/24p, 1080/30p, 720/60p, 720/24p, 720/30p, 480/60i, 480/24p, 480/30p
Some variable framerates in 720p
4:2:2 6 lux Wide angle Leica Dicomar high definition lens with optical image stabilizer electronic 3.5" 7 stops? HD component (D4), composite, s-vid composite, s-vid PCM IEEE1394, USB2 not yet released

XL H1 Canon $7-10k HDV, miniDV HDV/DV tape 1440x1080 ?
non-square pixels
CCD 3 1/3" = 8.4mm 1440x1080(HDV)
4:2:2(HD SDI)
10bit(HD SDI)
interchangable 1/3" XL color, B&W switchable 2.4" combo LCD & Viewfinder HD-SDI (BNC), Component(RCA), S-video, Composite (BNC), Firewire (4-pin) Component(RCA), S-video, Composite (BNC), Firewire (4-pin) PCM Linear, MPEG1 Audio Layer II HD SDI out only, Firewire (4-pin) Body:5.4 lbs (2.4 kg), Total:8.3 lbs (3.7 kg)>

VariCam Panasonic $66k DVCproHD DVCproHD tape 1,019,280 CCD 3 2/3" 720
4-60P FPS
4:2:2 12-bit 0.7 lux Interchangeable, 2/3" bayonet mount electronic none 7 stops? HD SDI x 2

VariCam HD D5 P2?

Kinetta Kinetta Uncompressed HD DDR Sensor agnostic 1 1920x1080/p (2.1MP) 4:4:4(dual HDSDI) 4:2:2(HDSDI) 10bit log cine Uncompressed dual HD SDI not yet released

F900 Sony HDCAM HDCAM tape 1920x1080(2.1MP) 3 1440x1080(1.6MP) 3:1:1 5 stops under, 2 stops over key
F950** Sony HDCAM SR 1920x1080(2.1MP) 4:4:4

Movie Making Manual/Cinematography/Cameras and Formats/D-21

Origin** DALSA upon request uncompressed DPX 2.0 DDR 4096 x 2048 CCD 1 34mm x 17mm 4096 x 2048, 0-36.00fps variable 16 bit linear 35mm PL mount Optical 12+ stops 4xInfiniband Rental only
Genesis Panavision rent-only HDCAM SR HDCAM SR tape 12.4 MP RGB (not Bayer) CCD 1 Super 35 (23.6mm x 13.3mm) 1920x1080 (2.1MP)
4:4:4 10 bit log spherical 35mm inc. Primos electronic none 12 stops? dual HD SDI dockable to Sony SRW-1 VTR

35mm neg* Celluloid ~7000x~2900 (~20MP) 24x18mm 18 stops (best)

Human Visual System Evolution/God rent-only Action potentials Grey matter Per exposure:
total: 2MP
Integrating over saccades: ~400MP
Biochemical 2 1 MP sent down optic nerve 3 photons biological Per exposure:
6.5 stops
Integrating over saccades:
20 stops
optic nerve FFT-like transform ;-)

* Obviously, celluloid can't be measured absolutely in these terms. These estimates provide an interesting comparison to the electronic formats.
** Some people may object to these cameras being called "HD Cameras" and may prefer terms such as "Film-style cameras".