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Avé, (vierbe / verb / verbo):

  • to have
  • avere

Usage Note[edit | edit source]

This verb is the most commonly used auxiliary (along with èsse). It is not directly synonomous to the Italian verb avere in other cases. Rather, the verb tené is used. Avé is never used as a main verb, it only exists as a "helping verb". It is often marked with a silent initial 'h' as in Italian. It is also an essential part of the verb avé da (dovere, to need to).

Main declensions[edit | edit source]

Presende Mberfette Passate Cuembuošte Cuendeziunale & Uettative Špecuelative Mberative
ij haje - heje heve haje avute avésse arraje - arreje -
tu hi hive hi avute avisse arrì -
isse / ésse ha heve ha avute avésse arrà -
nuje heme havame heme avute avésseme - avassime arrassime -
vuje hete havate hete avute avassite arrassite -
lore hanne - henne hàvene hanne avute avéssene arranne -

Other forms[edit | edit source]

The various tenses of the verb avé can be combined with other verbs' participles to create many different verbal times:

  • Hi magnate. (You have eaten)
  • Hive magnate. (You had eaten)
  • Avisse magnate nzi mmó. (You would have eaten by now.)
  • Arrì magnate ggia. (You might have eaten by now.)*rarely used, often replaced by conditional.