Microfluidics/Driving flows at small scales

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It is difficult to produce small turbines. Pumping fluid from outside is easier, but it is not simple to integrate as many tubings.

Specific solutions are needed: we list some of them below:

Electrokinetic effects[edit]

Electrostatics in solution

  • Electro-osmosis
  • Electro-phoresis
  • Dielectrophoresis

Acoustic streaming[edit]

  • Quartz wind
  • Boundary-induced streaming
  • Cavitation micro-streaming

Fluid structure interactions[edit]

  • Soft walls
  • Intelligent walls made of a responsive gel