Mapudungun/Raguileo/Lessons/Moods

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Moods[edit]

Mood or modality is about how the speaker relates to what is being said. English four moods that are being used these days. They are:

  • Indicative indicates an assertion ("the house is red"), a question ("is that your car?") or denial ("I did not do that").
  • Imperative indicates a command ("paint that house!"), an advice ("Bring a spare coat!") etc.
  • Subjunctive is used in a variety of cases such as "If I were a millionaire I would buy a house".
  • Infinitive mood is used in dictionaries: "to eat".

Moods changes the inflection of verbs in Mapudungun. There are three moods.

Realis mood[edit]

This mood is used when it is known how something is. For example:

I have a house or I don't have a house.

Iñce nien kiñe ruka or Iñce nielan kiñe ruka.

Conditional mood[edit]

This mood is used... For example:

If we go... or If they don't leave....

If making a sentence that is negative a extra particle (no) is used in this mood.

Volitive mood[edit]

This mood is used when expressing a hope, a wish or fear for something.For example:

I don't want to go or I want to eat it.