Mandarin Chinese Grammar for Pimsleur Students/Past tense
There are some specific particles, characters or combination of characters used to make sentence past tense:
- 了 - le
- 过 - gùo
- 是 ... 的 - shì ... de
了 is used either after the verb or after the sentence to make it past tense. According to Pimsleur tapes, 了 added directly after the verb is for telling a list of things you did in the past. For a simple statement that you did something, just add 了 after the sentence.
过 is used to tell that you've had an experience and is added after the verb.
是 ... 的 shì ... de
This is used to tell or ask something detailed about the past. 是 is added after the subject and 的 at the end of the sentence.