Manchu/Intermediate Lesson 1

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

From now on, we are going to learn some articles of the Qing Dynasty. Traditional Manchu script will be used. If you are unfamiliar with Manchu script, please go to Manchu script course(to be created).

Text[edit]

This text is from Manchu Veritable Records I (Manju i Yargiyan Kooli).

ᡤᠣᠯᠮᡳᠨ
ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ
ᠠᠯᡳᠨ

ᡤᠣᠯᠮᡳᠨ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ

᠀ ᡤᠣᠯᠮᡳᠨ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡩᡝᠨ ᠵᡠᠸᡝ ᡨᠠᠩᡤᡡ ᠪᠠ᠈ ᡧᡠᡵᡩᡝᠮᡝ ᠮᡳᠩᡤᠠᠨ ᠪᠠ᠉ ᡨᡝᡵᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡳ ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠ ᡩᡝ ᡨᠠᠮᡠᠨ ᡳ ᡤᡝᠪᡠᠩᡤᡝ ᠣᠮᠣ ᠪᡳ᠈ ᡧᡠᡵᡩᡝᠮᡝ ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠨᠵᡠ ᠪᠠ᠉ ᡨᡝᡵᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᠴᡳ ᡨᡠᠴᡳᡴᡝᠩᡤᡝ ᠶᠠᠯᡠ᠈ ᡥᡡᠨᡨᡠᠩ᠈ ᠠᡳᡥᡠ ᠰᡝᡵᡝ ᡳᠯᠠᠨ ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ᠉ ᠶᠠᠯᡠ ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡳ ᠵᡠᠯᡝᡵᡤᡳᠴᡳ ᡨᡠᠴᡳᡶᡳ ᠸᠠᠰᡳᡥᡡᠨ ᡝᠶᡝᡶᡳ ᠯᡳᠶᠣᠣᡩᡠᠩ ᡳ ᠵᡠᠯᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᡝᡩᡝᡵᡳ ᡩᡝ ᡩᠣᠰᡳᡴᠠᠪᡳ᠉ ᡥᡡᠨᡨᡠᠩ ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡳ ᠠᠮᠠᡵᡤᡳᠴᡳ ᡨᡠᠴᡳᡶᡳ ᠠᠮᠠᠰᡳ ᡝᠶᡝᡶᡳ ᠠᠮᠠᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᡝᡩᡝᡵᡳ ᡩᡝ ᡩᠣᠰᡳᡴᠠᠪᡳ᠉ ᠠᡳᡥᡠ ᠪᡳᡵᠠ ᠸᡝᠰᡳᡥᡠᠨ ᡝᠶᡝᡶᡳ᠈ ᡩᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᡝᡩᡝᡵᡳ ᡩᡝ ᡩᠣᠰᡳᡴᠠᠪᡳ᠉ ᡝᡵᡝ ᡳᠯᠠᠨ ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ ᡩᡝ ᠪᠣᠣᠪᠠᡳ ᡨᠠᠨᠠ᠈ ᡤᡝᠩᡤᡳᠶᡝᠨ ᠨᡳᠴᡠᡥᡝ ᡨᡠᠴᡳᠮᠪᡳ᠉ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡝᡩᡠᠨ ᠮᠠᠩᡤᠠ᠈ ᠪᠠ ᡧᠠᡥᡡᡵᡠᠨ ᠣᡶᡳ᠉ ᠵᡠᠸᠠᡵᡳ ᡝᡵᡳᠨ ᠣᡥᠣ ᠮᠠᠩᡤᡳ᠈ ᡧᡠᡵᡩᡝᠮᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡳ ᡤᡠᡵᡤᡠ ᡤᡝᠮᡠ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡩᡝ ᡤᡝᠨᡝᡶᡳ ᠪᡳᠮᠪᡳ᠉ ᡧᡠᠨ ᡩᡝᡴᡩᡝᡵᡝ ᡝᡵᡤᡳ ᡠᡶᡠᡥᡠ ᠸᡝᡥᡝ ᠨᠣᡥᠣ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡨᡝᡵᡝ ᡳᠨᡠ᠉

Listen and read aloud repeatedly until very familiar[edit]

Word List[edit]

ᠪᠠ (Unit for length)li (about 500 yards)

ᡧᡠᡵᡩᡝᠮᡝ vicinity

ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠ top

ᠣᠮᠣ lake

ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ (from Mandarin) river

ᠸᠠᠰᡳᡥᡡᠨ westward

ᡝᠶᡝᠮᠪᡳ to flow

ᠯᡳᠶᠣᠣᡩᡠᠩ Liaodong Peninsula

ᠠᠮᠠᠰᡳ northward

ᠸᡝᠰᡳᡥᡠᠨ eastward

ᠪᠣᠣᠪᠠᡳ treasure

ᡨᠠᠨᠠ diamonds

ᡤᡝᠩᡤᡳᠶᡝᠨ clear

ᠨᡳᠴᡠᡥᡝ crystal

ᡤᡠᡵᡤᡠ beasts

ᠪᡳᠮᠪᡳ to stay

ᡩᡝᡴᡩᡝᠮᠪᡳ to rise

ᡝᡵᡤᡳ direction

ᡠᡶᡠᡥᡠ ᠸᡝᡥᡝ pumice

… ᠨᠣᡥᠣ full of

Exercise[edit]

[1] (Comprehension) Answer the following questions which are related to the text in Manchu.

ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᠴᡳ ᡨᡠᠴᡳᡴᡝᠩᡤᡝ ᡳᠯᠠᠨ ᡠᠯᠠ ᠶᠠ ᠮᡝᡩᡝᡵᡳ ᡩᡝ ᡩᠣᠰᡳᡴᠠᠪᡳ᠉

ᡨᡝᡵᡝ ᡳᠯᠠᠨ ᡠᠯᠠ ᡩᡝ ᠠᡳ ᠵᠠᡴᠠ ᡨᡠᠴᡳᠮᠪᡳ᠉

ᠠᡳᠨᡠ ᡤᡠᡵᡤᡠ ᡤᡝᠮᡠ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᡩᡝ ᡤᡝᠨᡝᠮᠪᡳ᠉

[2]Copy these sentences to your notebook and supply the proper grammatical words or the proper form of the given word in the blanks.

ᡨᡝᡵᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ( ) ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠ ( ) ᡨᠠᠮᡠᠨ ᡳ ___(ᡤᡝᠪᡠ) ᠣᠮᠣ ᠪᡳ᠉

ᡨᡝᡵᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ᠴᡳ ___
(ᡨᡠᠴᡳᠮᠪᡳ) ᠶᠠᠯᡠ᠈ ᡥᡡᠨᡨᡠᠩ᠈ ᠠᡳᡥᡠ ___(ᠰᡝᠮᠪᡳ) ᡳᠯᠠᠨ ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ᠉

ᡥᡡᠨᡨᡠᠩ ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ
( ) ᠠᠮᠠᡵᡤᡳᠴᡳ ___(ᡨᡠᠴᡳᠮᠪᡳ) ᠠᠮᠠᠰᡳ ___(ᡝᠶᡝᠮᠪᡳ) ᠠᠮᠠᡵᡤᡳ ᠮᡝᡩᡝᡵᡳ ( ) ᡩᠣᠰᡳᡴᠠᠪᡳ᠉

ᡧᡠᡵᡩᡝᠮᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ
( ) ᡤᡠᡵᡤᡠ ᡤᡝᠮᡠ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ ( ) ᡤᡝᠨᡝᡶᡳ ᠪᡳᠮᠪᡳ᠉

[3] (Optional) Recite this text.

This is a good article. You could recite it if possible.