Mac OS X Tiger/Appendix A

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NOTE: The "Command" key is also known as the Apple key.

At Startup[edit]

  • Force Mac OS X Startup - "X" during startup (when MacOS 9 is also installed)
  • Bypass primary startup - "Delete-Option-Command-Shift" during startup
  • Startup from Optical Drive (CD/DVD) - "C" during startup
  • Netboot - "N" during startup
  • Safe boot mode - "Shift" during startup
  • Single User mode - "Command-S" during startup
  • Verbose mode - "Command-V" during startup
  • Open Firmware - "Command-Option-O-F" during startup
  • Startup Manager - "Option" during startup
  • Reset Parameter Ram - "Command-Option-P-R" during startup
  • Eject CD - Hold down mouse button at startup
  • Target Disk mode - "T" during startup

At Login[edit]

  • Disable login items - "Shift"

Screenshots[edit]

  • Take Picture of Entire Screen - '"Command-Shift-3"
  • Take Picture of Selection - "Command-Shift-4" provides a selection tool. Click and drag to select any area of the screen.
  • Take Picture of Object/Window - "Command-Shift-4, Space" changes your cursor into a camera. Click a window or menu to take a picture of it.

Holding Control while using any of the above three commands places the screenshot on the clipboard instead of as a file on the desktop.

Most Applications[edit]

  • Hide Current Application - "Command-H"
  • Hide All Other Applications - "Command-Shift-H"
  • Toggle Dock Hiding - "Command-Option-D"
  • Minimize Current Window to Dock - "Command-M"
  • Minimize All Windows in Current Application to Dock - "Command-Option-M"
  • Bring Next Window in Current Application to Front - "Command-`"
  • Bring Previous Window in Current Application to Front - "Command-Shift-`"
  • Preferences - "Command-, (comma) "
  • Create new Document - "Command-N"
  • Save Current Document - "Command-S"
  • Save Current Document As - "Command-Shift-S"
  • Close Current Window - "Command-W"
  • Print Current Document - "Command-P"
  • Page Setup - "Command-Shift-P"
  • Undo - "Command-Z"
  • Cut - "Command-X"
  • Copy - "Command-C"
  • Paste - "Command-V"
  • Help - "Command-?"

Most Dialogs[edit]

  • Cancel - "Escape", "Command-."
  • Default Button - "Enter"
  • Selected Button (highlight around button) - "Space"

Finder[edit]

  • New Folder - "Command-shift-N"
  • Duplicate (File/Folder) - "Command-D"
  • Make alias - "Command-L"
  • Show Original of alias File/Folder - "Command-R"
  • New Window -" Command-N"
  • Get Info (File/Folder) - "Command-I"
  • Home Folder - "Command-shift-H"
  • Applications Folder - "Command-shift-A"
  • Utilities Folder - "Command-shift-U"
  • Icon view - "Command-1"
  • List view - "Command-2"
  • Column view - "Command-3"
  • Open Spotlight - "Command-Space"
  • "Command-Del" - moves selected item(s) to Trash
  • "Command-Up Arrow" - opens parent directory
  • "Command-Down Arrow" - open Highlighted icon - [same as double clicking on selected icon]
  • "Command-space" - show Spotlight search field
  • "Command-A" - Select All
  • "Command-C" - Copy selected
  • "Command-D" - Duplicate seleced item(s)
  • "Command-F" - open Find
  • "Command-H" - hide Finder
  • "Command-I" - Get Info on selected
  • "Command-J" - toggle Show View Options window
  • "Command-K" - open Connect to Server dialog
  • "Command-M" - minimize active Window - [same shortcut works in most apps]
  • "Command-N" - open New Window - [same shortcut works in most apps]
  • "Command-O" in Finder - open Selection - [same as double clicking on selected item(s)]
  • "Command-O' in Other Apps - open File
  • "Command-R" - selects Original when an Alias is selected
  • "Command-V" - Paste - [depending on what you have copied depends on how it works]
  • "Command-W" - close active Window - [same shortcut works in most apps]
  • "Command-X" - Cut
  • "Command-Z" - toggles between Undo/Redo last change
  • "Command-L" - make Alias to selected item(s)
  • "Command-Option-space" - show Spotlight window
  • "Command-space" - show Spotlight menu
  • "Command-Shift-upArrow" - when a finder Window is active, makes the Desktop active
  • "Command-Shift-delete" - empty Trash, with Confirmation Dialog
  • "Command-Shift-A" - go to Applications folder
  • "Command-Shift-C" - go to Computer Folder
  • "Command-Shift-D" - open Desktop Folder - [does not work for me under 10.4.3 - it is documented in Apple's Help]
  • "Command-Shift-G" - open Go To Folder dialogue box - allows you to type in a path
  • "Command-Shift-H" - go to Home Folder
  • "Command-Shift-I" - open iDisk or opens dialog - part of Apple's dotMac/.mac service
  • "Command-Shift-J" - launch JavaBrowser
  • "Command-Shift-K" - open Network Browser - [seems buggy under 10.4.3 - a window must be open, nothing shows up]
  • "Command-Shift-N" - create New Folder
  • "Command-Shift-Q" - log out
  • "Command-Shift-U" - open Utilities Folder
  • "Command-Shift-O" - open
  • "Command-Shift-T" - Add to Favorites
  • "Command-Shift-Option-delete" - delete Trash, without Confirmation Dialog


Safari[edit]

  • Previous page - "Command-["
  • Next page - "Command-]"
  • Zoom in - "Command-+ (plus)"
  • Zoom out - "Command-- (hyphen)"
  • Hide toolbar - "Command-|"
  • Hide bookmarks bar - "Command-Shift-B"
  • Show Tab bar - "Command-Shift-T"
  • Show Status bar - "Command-/"
  • Stop (loading page) - "Command-."
  • Add bookmark - "Command-D"
  • Add bookmark to menu - "Command-Shift-D"
  • Mail contents of this page - "Command-I"
  • Mail link to this page - "Command-Shift-I"
  • Block Pop-ups - "Command-K"
  • Goto address bar - "Command-L"
  • Reload Current Page - "Command-R"
  • New Tab - "Command-T"
  • Close Tab/Window - "Command-W"
  • Goto first 9 bookmarks on bookmarks bar - "Command-1-9"
  • Next Tab - "Command-shift-[ (left sq. bracket) "
  • Previous Tab - "Command-shift-] (right sq. bracket)"
  • Autofill form - "Command-Shift-A"
  • Home - "Command-shift-H"
  • Actual size - "Command-Option-0"
  • Show top sites - "Command-Option-1"
  • Show all history - "Command-Option-2"
  • Show all activity - "Command-Option-A"
  • Show all bookmarks - "Command-Option-B"
  • Empty cache - "Command-Option-E"
  • Block pop-up windows - "Command-Option-K"
  • Downloads - "Command-Option-L"
  • Search results snapback - "Command-Option-S"
  • Show source - "Command-Option-U"

Develop menu keys (activated from advanced options)

  • Show Error Console - "Command-Option-C"
  • Show web inspector - "Command-Option-I"
  • Start profiling javascript "Command-Shift-Option-P"

Mail[edit]

  • New Message - "Command - N"
  • Reply - "Command - R"
  • Forward - "Command - Shift - F"
  • Send - "Command - Shift - D"
  • Search mail - "Command - Option - F"
  • Go to Inbox - "Command - 1"
  • Go to Drafts - "Command - 3"
  • Go to Sent - "Command - 4"
  • Go to Trash - "Command - 5"
  • Scroll messages - "up/down arrows" (toggle between message and mailbox scroll with "tab")
  • Scroll within mail - "page up/down"
  • Go to top of message list - "Command-Shift-Home"
  • go to bottom of message list - "Command-Shift-End"

Dashboard[edit]

  • Display removal handle for a widget - "Option" and mouse over the top-left-hand corner
  • Refresh/reload widget - "Command - R"
  • Reveal/hide the widget bar - "Command -= (equal sign) "

Services[edit]

Note: These shortcuts can be overridden by the current application, or other services using the same shortcut.

  • "Command-Shift-8" - Get Result of AppleScript
  • "Command-Shift-B" - Send File to Bluetooth Device…
  • "Command-Shift-F" - Spotlight
  • "Command-Shift-J" - View in JavaBrowser
  • "Command-Shift-L" - Search with Google
  • "Command-Shift-Y" - Make New Sticky Note