Loglan/Overview of Loglan/Arguments

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These form a set of words that you use to fill in the blanks of the predicates. They form the objects or agents that you talk about. Arguments come in three forms:

We use a little word to tell the difference between a name and a normal predicate word used as an argument; either le or la. The little word le means the one I call and the little word la means the one that actually is. The word 'le' then forms a prefix for a description and the little word la forms a prefix for a name.

Names[edit | edit source]

Names in Loglan come in two types:

  • Proper Names
  • Predicate Names

All proper names end in a consonant and can have any number of letters. We can use predicates as names if we use the little word la first. As predicates together form a metaphor we use the little word gu to show where the name ends and the main predicate of the sentence starts.

Examples[edit | edit source]

Proper names:

  • Frans - France
  • Sol - Sun
  • Romas - Rome

Predicate Names

  • la farfu - father / dad
  • la ratcu - Rat

Predicates as arguments[edit | edit source]

You can use predicates words as arguments to the main predicate of a sentence to form the object or agent of a predicate. To do so, you need to add the little word le to show that the you mean the one I call and then use the little word gu to show when the argument predicate comes to an end and the main sentence predicate begins.

Examples[edit | edit source]

  • le nirli gu tcatro - the girl is driving (a vehicle)
  • le farfu gu kamla - the father comes
  • le hasfa gu redro - the house is red
  • le prano mrenu gu goztsefui - the running man is late

Little words as arguments[edit | edit source]

Loglan has a number of little words that you can use for common occurring actors or objects.

Examples[edit | edit source]

  • tu - you
  • ti - this
  • toi - that ( the last mentioned remark)
  • da - he / she / it