Limburgish/Lesson 1

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Lesson one will give you the first steps to learn some Limburgish.

Bekalling I[edit]

Some important useful phrases are shown in this conversion. Two friends (Jón and Keup) meet each other and start a standard conversation:

Jón: Haj! Wie geitj 't dir?
Keup: 't Geitj good, danke! Èn doe?
Jón: Mir geitj 't ouch good, mer ich höb noe get tö doon. Hajje!
Keup: Good denne, hajje!

This means:

Jón: Hello! How are you?
Keup: I'm fine, thanks! And you?
Jón: I'm also fine, but I need to go now. Goodye!
Keup: Alright, goodbye!

It's pronounced as:

jo˦˨n: ɦɑɪ˦˨.wi˦˨.ɣæɪ˦˨.cɐ˦˨.dɪ˦˨˧ʁ
køː˦˨p: ə˧t.ɣæɪ˦˨c.ɣoː˦˨˧d.dɑ˦˨ŋ.kɐ˧.ɛ˦˨n.duː˦˨˧
jo˦˨n: mɪ˦˨ʁ.ɣæɪ˦˨.cɐ˦˨.tɑu˦˨x.ɣoː˦˨˧d.mæ˦˨.ʁɪ˦˨x.ɦœ˦˨b.nuː˦˨˧.ɣæ˦˨t.tœ˦˨.doː˦˨˧n.ɦɑɪɐ˦˨
kø˦˨p: ɣoː˦˨˧d.dæ˦˨.nə˧.ɦɑɪɐ˦˨

Oetkal I[edit]

As one clearly can see, Limburgish is a very tonal language with many different consonants and vowels. Using the wrong tone can cause some trouble. If you call someone fein it can mean two things: fæɪ˦˨n (nice) and fæɪ˦˨˧n (poisoned) Tonality is usually not written, though many dictionaries use ~ for a drag tone (˦˨˧) and \ or / for a push tone (˦˨) The syllabic stress is most of the time on the first syllable.

Bekalling II[edit]

It's important that you can introduce yourself to other people. This conversation between Mien and Zjao shows that:

Mien zèt naeve Zjao bie 'n bie-einkóms venne-n IHBÓ.
Mien: Haj! Ich höb öch nag noeaits hie gezeen. Wie hètj geer?
Zjao: Goojendaag. Ich heit Zjao. Èn geer?
Mien: Ich bön Mien. Wo wóntj geer örges?
Zjao: Ich wón i Wèssem. Geer?
Mien: Ich wón in Èch. Wie aad zeetj g'r?
Zjao: Ich bön dree-èn-veerteg.
Mien: Höb g'r zwèster?
Zjao: Jao, eine broor èn twieë zösters.

This means:

Mien sits next to Zjao during a conference of the First Aid.
Mien: Hello! I have never seen you here yet. What's your name?
Zjao: Good day. I'm Zjao. And you?
Mien: I'm Mien. Where do you live?
Zjao: I live in Wessem. And you?
Mien: I live in Echt. What's your age?
Zjao: I'm forty-two years old.
Mien: Do you have siblings?
Zjao: Yes, one brother and two sisters.

This is pronounced as:

mi˦˨n: ɦɑɪ˦˨.ʔɪ˦˨x.ɦœ˦˨.bœ˦˨x.nɑ˦˨x.nuɐɪ˦˨ts.ɦiː˦˨˧.ɣə˧.ˈzeː˦˨˧n.wiː˦˨.ɦɛc˦˨.ɣeː˦˨˧ʁ
ʒɔː˦˨: ɣoː˦˨˧.jɐ˦˨n.daː˦˨˧x.ʔɪ˦˨x.ɦæɪ˦˨t.ʒɔː˦˨.ɛ˦˨n.ɣeː˦˨˧ʁ
mi˦˨n: ʔɪ˦˨x.bœ˦˨n.mi˦˨n.woː˦˨.wo˦˨ɲc.ɣeː˦˨˧.ʁœ˦˨ʁ.ɣɐ˦˨s
ʒɔː˦˨: xwo˦˨n.ɪ˦˨˧.wɛ˦˨.sɐ˦˨m.ɣeː˦˨˧ʁ
mi˦˨n: ʔɪ˦˨x.wo˦˨n.ɪ˦˨.nɛ˦˨x.wiː˦˨.ʔaː˦˨˧d.zeː˦˨˧c.ɣə˧r
ʒɔː˦˨: ʔɪ˦˨x.bœ˦˨n.dreː˦˨˧.ʝɛ˦˨n.ʋeː˦˨ʁ.tɐ˦˨x
mi˦˨n: ɦœ˦˨b.ɣə˧r.zwɛ˦˨s.tɐ˦˨r
ʒɔː˦˨: jɔː˦˨˧.æɪ˦˨.nɐ˦˨.bʁoː˦˨˧.ʁɛ˦˨n.twiːɐ˦˨.zœ˦˨s.tɐ˦˨ʁ(s)


Two very important things to learn are the present of the irregular verb zeen (to be) and the nominative of the personal pronouns:

tö zeen: to be: tœ˦˨.zeː˦˨˧n
ich bön: I am: ɪ˦˨x.bœ˦˨n
doe bös: thou art: duː˦˨˧.bœ˦˨s
dae is: he is: dæː˦˨(˧).ʔɪ˦˨s
't is: it/she is: ə˧.tɪ˦˨s
weer zeen: we are: weː˦˨˧r.zeː˦˨˧n
geer zeetj: you are: ɣeː˦˨˧r.zeː˦˨˧c
die zeen(t): they are: diː˦˨.zeː˦˨˧n(t)
See for a more extended table: this