Latin/Lesson 1-Imperatives

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Imperatives express direct commands, requests, and prohibitions. For example: run!, don't walk, be carried.

Present active imperatives[edit]


For the singular imperative, the infinitive of the verb without the -re is used.

infinitive singular imperative
portāre to carry portā carry!
respondēre to respond respondē respond!
mittere to send mitte send!
audīre to listen audī listen!


Plural active imperatives for the 1st, 2nd and 4th conjugation are formed by removing the -re from the end of the verb and adding -te. In the 3rd conjugation, -ere is removed from the infinitive and -ite is added.

infinitive plural imperative
portāre portāte
respondēre respondēte
mittere (3rd conjugation) mittite
audīre audīte