Latin/Common phrases

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin (Italic)

[edit | edit source]

Pronunciations are first given in the Ecclesiastical Pronunciation (Based on Italian, and used in some ceremonies by the Catholic church, and usually heard in recordings of classical music). These pronunciations are followed by the classical pronunciation (a reconstruction of how scholars believe the Romans pronounced these expressions)

For example — “of light” lucis /'luʧis/ (LOO-cheess) /'luːkis/ (LOO-kiss), with (LOO-cheess) being the ecclesiastical pronunciation, and (LOO-kiss) how the Romans said lucis.

Translation Latin IPA (Ecclesastical) Pseudo-English IPA (Classical) Pseudo-English
Latin lingua Latina /'lingwa la'tina/ (lah-TEE-nah) /'lingwa la'tiːna/ (lah-TEE-nah)
hello ave! /'ave/ (Ah-vay) /'aweː/ (Ah-way)
welcome salve! /salve/ (Sal-vay) /salveː/ (Sal-way)
goodbye vale! /'vale/ (vah-lay) /'waleː/ (wah-lay)
please si placet /si 'plaʧet/ (see PLAH-chet) /siː 'plakɛt/ (see PLAH-ket)
thank you gratias tibi ago /'gratsias 'tibi 'ago/ (GRAH-tsee-as TI-bee AH-goh) /'graːtiaːs 'tibi 'agoː/ (GRAH-tee-as Ti-bee AH-goh)
that one ille/ illa/ illud /'ilːe, 'ilːa, 'ilːud/ (ILL-lay, ILL-lah, ILL-lood) /'ilːɛ, 'ilːa, 'ilːud/ (ill-leh, ill-lah, ill-lood)
how much? quot? /kwot/ (quote) /kwot/ (quote)
yes certe, ita vero /'ʧerte/ (CHAIR-tay) /'kɛrteː/ (ker-tay)
no non, nullo modo /'non, 'nulːo 'modo/ (noan, NUL-loh MO-doh) /'noːn, 'nuːlːo 'mɔdoː/ (known, NUL-oh MO-doh)
sorry ignosce mihi /i'ɲoʃe 'mihi/ (een-YOH-shay MEE-hee) /i'ŋnoːskɛ 'mihi/ (ing-know-skeh Mi-hee)
I don’t understand non comprehendo /noŋ kompre'hendo/ (noan com-pray-HEN-doh) /noːŋ komprɛ'hɛndoː/ (known com-pray-HEN-doh)
where's the bathroom? ubi sunt latrinae? /'ubi sunt la'trine/ (OO-bee soont lah-TREE-nay) /'ubi sunt la'triːnai/ (OO-bee soont lah-tri-neye) (neye rhyming with eye)
generic toast salutem! /sa'lutem/ (sah-LOO-taym) /sa'luːtɛ̃/ (sah-LOO-tehm)
Do you speak English? loquerisne anglice? /lokwe'risne 'aŋgliʧe/ (loh-quay-RISS-nay AHNG-glee-chay?) /lɔkwɛ'risnɛ 'aŋglikeː/ (loh-queh-riss-neh ahngli-kay?)