# LMIs in Control/pages/H-2 filtering

LMIs in Control/pages/H-2 filtering

For systems that have disturbances, filtering can be used to reduce the effects of these disturbances. Described on this page is a method of attaining a filter that will reduce the effects of the disturbances as completely as possible. To do this, we look to find a set of new coefficient matrices that describe the filtered system. The process to achieve such a new system is described below. The H2-filter tries to minimize the average magnitude of error.

**The System**[edit | edit source]

For the application of this LMI, we will look at linear systems that can be represented in state space as

where represent the state vector, the measured output vector, and the output vector of interest, respectively, is the disturbance vector, and and are the system matrices of appropriate dimension. To further define: is and is the state vector, is and is the state matrix, is and is the input matrix, is and is the exogenous input, is and is the output matrix, and are and are feedthrough matrices, and and are and are the output and the output of interest, respectively.

**The Data**[edit | edit source]

The data are (the disturbance vector), and and (the system matrices). Furthermore, the matrix is assumed to be stable

**The Optimization Problem**[edit | edit source]

We need to design a filter that will eliminate the effects of the disturbances as best we can. For this, we take a filter of the following form:

where is the state vector, is the estimation vector, and are the coefficient matrices of appropriate dimensions.

Note that the combined complete system can be represented as

where is the estimation error,

is the state vector of the system, and are the coefficient matrices, defined as:

In other words, for the system defined above we need to find such that

where is a positive constant, and

**The LMI:** H-2 Filtering[edit | edit source]

For this LMI, the solution exists if one of the following sets of LMIs hold:

Matrices exist that obey the following LMIs:

or

Matrices exist that obey the following LMIs:

**Conclusion:**[edit | edit source]

To find the corresponding filter, use the optimized matrices from the first solution to find:

Or the second solution to find:

These matrices can then be used to produce to construct the final filter below, that will best eliminate the disturbances of the system.

**Implementation**[edit | edit source]

This implementation requires Yalmip and Sedumi.

https://github.com/rezajamesahmed/LMImatlabcode/blob/master/H2_Filtering.m

**Related LMIs**[edit | edit source]

**External Links**[edit | edit source]

This LMI comes from

- [1] - "LMIs in Control Systems: Analysis, Design and Applications" by Guang-Ren Duan and Hai-Hua Yu

Other resources:

- LMI Methods in Optimal and Robust Control - A course on LMIs in Control by Matthew Peet.
- LMI Properties and Applications in Systems, Stability, and Control Theory - A List of LMIs by Ryan Caverly and James Forbes.
- LMIs in Systems and Control Theory - A downloadable book on LMIs by Stephen Boyd.

**References**[edit | edit source]

Duan, G. (2013). LMIs in control systems: analysis, design and applications. Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.