Once you're comfortable with basic sentence structures, you may want to include one sentence in another. For example, "Did you know that [grandma died]?", where "Grandma died" is its own sentence, but is included in a larger sentence.
Embedding statements: -hé marker
The "-hé" marker can be used to embed one statement within another statement. "-hé" will be added to the last word in the internal sentence.
|Bíi áya le wa.||I am beautiful.||áya = to be beautiful|
|Bíi lith le [áya lehé] wa.||I think that I am beautiful.||lith = to think|
|Bíi lith be [áya lehé] wa.||She thinks that I am beautiful.|
Embedding questions: -hée marker
This marker can be used to embed a question within a sentence. The external sentence can also be a question, or it can be a statement. "-hée" will be added to the last word in the internal sentence.
|Bíi áya le wa.||I am beautiful.|
|Bíi lith be [áya lehée]?||Do you think that I am beautiful?|
|Bíi lothel ra le [áya lehée] wa.||I don't know whether I am beautiful or not.||lothel = to know|
Embedding relative clauses: -háa marker
A relative clause modifies a noun. With the statement and question embedding markers above, the internal sentences are relatively standalone ("the rain is cold." "do you think that [the rain is cold]?"). Here, however, the relative clause will modify the sentence as a whole.
|Bíi an behid witheth wa.||He knows a woman.|
|Bíi lalom with wa.||The woman sings.|
|Bíi an behid [lalom witheháath] wa.||He knows a woman who sings.|
(Amberwind (2012), Láadan Lessons, p. 295 )
Note the difference between using "-hé" and "-háa":
|Bíi dom le [hal withehé] wa.||I remember that [the woman works].||dom = to remember|
|Bíi dom le [hal witheháa] wa.||I remember the [woman that works].|