Korean/Mini-tutorial Lesson

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만남과 인사 (man-nam-gwa in-sa) - Greetings[edit]

유용한 표현 (Yoo-yong-hahn Pyo-hyun) Useful Expressions[edit]

  • 네(ne) = Yes
  • 아니요(aniyo)= No

[Actually, in Korean, they don't say "Yes" or "No". These expressions are used as an agreement. If is easier for you, you can translate "네"(ne) as "You're right." Or "That's right." And you can translate "아니요"(aniyo) as "You're wrong." Or "That's wrong." Or sometimes even "I agree/disagree". And "ne" can also be used to many situations, it's like a conversation filler.]

  • 죄송하지만(joeh-song hajiman) = I am sorry, but...
  • 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) = Thank you
  • 천만에요 (chon-mahn-eh-yo) = You are welcome
  • 실례합니다 (sillye hamnida) = Excuse me
  • 안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo) = Hello / Hi / How are you?
  • 안녕히 가세요 (ahn-nyoung-hee gaseyo) = Goodbye (when the other party is leaving)
  • 안녕히 계세요 (ahn-nyoung-hee gyeseyo) = Goodbye (when you are leaving)
  • 영어를 할 줄 아십니까? (young-o-rul hahl-jool ahsimnika?) = Can you speak English?
  • 여기 영어를 할 줄 아는 분 계십니까? (yo-gi yong-o-rul hahl-jool anun-boon gyeh-simnika?) = Does anyone here speaks English?
  • 저는 한국어를 조금밖에 못합니다 (juh-neun hangook-o-rul jogum-bakke mot-hamnida) = I speak Korean only a little.
  • 성함이 어떻게 되시지요? (sung-ham-ee ottokeh dweh-sijiyo?) = What is your name?
  • 제 이름은 정민입니다. (je ireumeun Jeongminimnida) = My name is Jeongmin.
  • 잘 있습니다. (jal it-seumnida) = I am well.
  • 만나뵙게 되어서 반갑습니다. (mana bwep-ge dweh-o-so bahn-gahp-seumnida) = Nice to meet you.
  • 뭐라고 그러셨지요? (morago gruh-shut-jiyo?) What did you say, please?
  • 조금 천천히 말씀해 주세요. (jo-geum chun-chun-hee mal-sseum-hae juseyo) = Please speak a little slowly.
  • 충분히 이해하고 있습니다. (choong-boon-hee ee-hae-hago it-seum-nida) = I understand you/him/her/it well enough.

mahn-na-seo in-sa-hal-te dae-wha[edit]

  • Young-Sook: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo! yong-o-rul hahl-jool a-se-yo?
  • jom-won: jwe-song-hahm-nida. yong-o-rul hahl-jool mo-rum-nida.
  • Young-Sook: jo-do han-koo-go-rul jo-gum-ba-ke motam-nida.
  • jom-won: gwen-chan-soum-nida. i-hae-hahm-nida.
  • Hanna: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo!
  • Chan-Yong: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo! je-chin-goo Kim, Chul-Soo-si-wa in-sa-ha-sin-jeogi in-na-yo?
  • Hanna: up-soum-nida. cho-eum mahn-na-bwem-neun-geot ga-soum-nida.
  • Chan-Yong: 출수씨, 이부니이영호씨 임니다. Chul-Soo-si, i-booni Lee, Young-Ho-si im-nida.
  • Hanna: mahn-na-bwep-ge dwe-o-so bahn-gap-soum-nida.

호텔에서(Hotel-e-so) At the Hotel[edit]

연습(yeonseup) Exercises[edit]

  • 욕실이 있는 더블룸을 원합니다.(yok-siri in-neun double-roomul won-hahm-nida.) = Double-room with a bathroom, please.
  • 침대 두개를 원합니다.(chim-dae doo-gae-rul won-hahm-nida.) = Two beds, please.
  • 욕실이 어디에 있지요?(yok-siri o-di-e i-chi-yo?) = Where is bathroom?
  • 예약을 했습니다.(ye-ya-gul hae-seum-nida.) = I made a reservation.
  • 지난주에 예약을 했습니다.(ji-nan-joo-e ye-yagul hae-seum-nida.) = Last week, I made a reservation.
  • 예약이 안되어 있네요?(ye-yagi an-dwe-o in-nayo?) = No reservation?
  • 숙박료가 어떻게 됩니까?(sook-bang-nyo-ga o-teo-ke dwep-nika?) =
  • 하루에 얼마입니까?(ha-roo-e ol-ma-im-nika?) = How much per day?
  • 팁이 포함된 가격인가요?(tibi poham-dwen ga-gyo-gin-ga-yo?) = Is the tip included?
  • 체크인 시간이 언제입니까?(check-in si-ga-ni on-je-im-nika?) = What time is check-in?
  • 체크아웃 시간이 언제입니까?(check-out si-ga-ni on-je-im-nika?) = What time is check-out?
  • 신용카드를 받습니까?(sin-yong card-rul ba-soum-nika?) = Do you accept credit card?
  • 여행자 수표로 지불하고 싶습니다.(yo-hang-ja soo-pyo-ro ji-bool-ha-go sip-soum-nida.) = I want to pay by traveler's check.
  • 방키를 주세요.(bahng key-rul joo-se-yo.) = Give me the room key, please.
  • 제 옷하고 제 남편 신사복을 다려주세요.(je o-ta-go je nam-pyon sin-sa-bo-gul da-rio-joo-se-yo.) =
  • 내일 아침 여덟시에 깨워주시겠습니까?(nae-il a-chim yal-dur-shi-e ke-wo-joo-si-get-soum-nika?) = Tomorrow at 8:00 in the morning, can you wake me up?

hotel-e-so dae-wha[edit]

  • Mee-Young: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo? single-roomee in-na-yo?
  • front ji-gwon: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo? myo-chil dong-an mo-moo-ru-sil
  • ye-jong-im-nika?
  • Mee-Young: ee-joo-yo.
  • front ji-gwon: neh, a-joo jo-eun single room-i i-soum-nida.
  • Mee-Young: sook-bang-nyo-ga o-teo-ke dwep-nika?
  • front ji-gwon: sook-bang-ryo-neun ha-roo-e pal-man-won-im-nida.
  • Mee-Young: jo-seum-nida.
  • Park, Won-Chul: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo. je-i-reum-eun Park, Won-Chul im-nida. je roomee ye-yak dwen-go-su-ro al-go i-seum-nida.
  • front ji-gwon: on-je ye-yagul ha-shut-na-yo?
  • Park, Won-Chul: je-ga o-je jon-wha-ro hae-neun-de-yo.
  • front ji-gwon: ah, gu-ro-se-yo. yo-gi it-goon-nyo. yok-siri dal-lin double room.
  • Park, Won-Chul: ma-seum-nida. sibil-ye-jong-im-nida.

eun-haing om-moo[edit]

yeonseup[edit]

  • doh-nul yo-gi-so ba-kool-soo in-na-yo?
  • baek-bool-mahn ba-koo-go sip-seum-nida.
  • hwan-yoori o-teo-ke dwem-nika?
  • yo-haing-ja soo-pyo-rul ba-koo-go sip-soum-nida.
  • yo-gi yokwoni i-soum-nida.
  • kook-je woon-jon-myon-ho-jeung-ul gat-ko it-seum-nida.
  • yo-haing-ja soo-pyo-ga dul-o it-neun ji-gabul boon-sil-hait-seum-nida.
  • yo-haing-ja soo-pyo-rul sa-go sip-seum-nida.
  • eun-haing yong-up-si-gani o-teo-ke dwe-nayo?
  • ja-dong-hyon-geum-ji-kup-ki-ga o-di in-nayo?
  • do-wa-joo-shu-so gahm-sa-hahm-nida.
  • i-je gwen-chan-seum-nida.

eun-haing-eso dae-wha[edit]

  • Jung, Chul-Soo: ahn-nyong-ha-seyo. mee-kook dollar-rul won-hwa-ro ba-koo-go sip-seum-nida.
  • en-haing ji-gwon: ah, gu-ro-seyo. eol-mana ba-koo-si-get-seum-nika?
  • Jung, Chul-Soo: baek-o-sip-boo-rul ba-koo-ro-go hahm-ni-da. o-neul hwan-nyu-ri o-teo-ke dwe-na-yo?
  • eun-haing ji-gwon: eel-boo-re chon-ee-bae-geon im-nida.
  • Jang, Soo-Mee: ahn-nyong-ha-se-yo. jom do-wa-joo-seyo?
  • eun-haing ji-gwon: neh, moo-seun eerin-gayo?
  • Jang, Soo-Mee: yo-haing-ja soo-pyo-rul boon-sil-haet-seo-yo.
  • eun-haing ji-gwon: do-nan dang-han-geot gaht-seum-nika?
  • Jang, Soo-Mee: ah-nee-yo, o-neul ah-chi-me shopping-ha-da-ga boon-sil-haet-seo-yo.

ticket goo-ip[edit]

yeonseup[edit]

  • sa-baek-goo-sibi-bon hang-gong-pyon ye-ya-gul hwa-gin-hago sip-seum-nida.
  • je ticket-e dae-ha-yo moo-ro-bo-go sip-seum-nida.
  • je sa-baek-goo-sibi-bon hang-gong-pyon ticket-eul gat-go in-nayo?
  • je jwa-seogi bae-jong-dwe-eot-nayo?
  • Pusan-uro ga-neun ticket-eul sa-go sip-seum-nida.
  • ticket-ee ol-ma-in-gayo?
  • Pusan ga-neun da-eum gi-cha-ga myot-si-e it-seum-nika?
  • myot-si-e do-chak-ha-nayo?
  • sam-bon gate-i o-neu cho-gin-gayo?
  • sin-go-hal poom-mogi a-moo-geo-to up-seum-nida.
  • sin-go-hal poom-mogi se-ge-ba-ke up-seum-nida.
  • ji-kaing-in-gayo?
  • je si-ga-ne do-cha-ka-get-seum-nika?
  • on-je chak-ryuk-ha-nayo?
  • do-cha-gi ji-yon-dwe-ot-nayo?

tieket goo-ip hal-tae dae-hwa[edit]

  • Song, Young-Hee: Pusan-uro ga-neun da-eum hahng-gong-pyon ticke-seul sago sip-seum-nida.
  • ji-gwon: economy so-gul wo-na-sip-nika, first class-rul wo-na-sip-nika?
  • Song, Young-Hee: economy-ro he-joo-seyo. chang-moon chok jwa-seo-gul joo-si-get-seum-nika?
  • ji-gwon: jwe-song-hahm-nida. chang-moon cho-gun na-ma-in-nun go-si up-go geu dae-sin bok-do-cho-gul deu-ril-soo it-seum-nida.
  • Song, Young-Hee: gahm-sa-ham-nida.
  • Park, In-Sook: Pusan ga-neun ticke-seul doo-jang sago sip-seum-nida.
  • ji-gwon: il-ban-seo-geul wo-na-sim-nika, chim-dae-kah-nul wo-na-sim-nika?
  • Park, In-Sook: chim-dae-kah-nul joo-sip-si-yo.
  • ji-gwon: gi-cha-neun ee-yo-ge-seo chong-kak da-seo-si-e chool-bal-hahm-nida.

gil, si-gan moo-ro bo-gi[edit]

yeonseup[edit]

  • tok-baro ga-sip-si-yo.
  • ee-gi-rul ta-ra-so chook ga-sip-si-yo.
  • do-si-rul tok-ba-ro tong-gwa-he-so kye-sok ga-sip-si-yo.
  • si-nae-ro du-ro-ga-sip-si-yo.
  • wen-cho-gu-ro ga-sip-si-yo.
  • o-run-cho-gu-ro ga-sip-si-yo.
  • eun-heng gon-neo-pyo-nim-nida.
  • eun-heng yo-pim-nida.
  • ban-de cho-ge it-seum-nida.
  • mol-ji ahn-seum-nida.
  • hahn block-mahn ga-si-myon dwem-nida.
  • baro mo-toong-i-ye it-seum-nida.
  • geo-eui-da wa-seum-nida.
  • pyo-si-rul ta-ra-ga-sip-si-yo.
  • ee-gi-reun il-bang-tong-heng-im-nida.
  • ji-gum myo-si-im-nika?
  • chong-o in-de-yo.
  • cha-jong in-de-yo.
  • se-byok doo-si-in-de-yo.
  • o-hoo se-si-in-de-yo.
  • doo-si sam-sip-boo-nip-nida.
  • yo-dul-si sa-sip-o-boo-nim-nida.

gi-ri-na si-ga-nul moo-ro-bol-te dae-hwa[edit]

  • Cho, Byong-Tae: sil-lye-hahm-nida. gi-rul ee-rut-neun-de-yo.
  • yo-in: o-di ga-sim-nika?
  • Cho, Byong-Tae: gang-nam-yo-gul chat-go it-seum-nida.
  • yo-in: sa-gori-e-seo o-reun-cho-gu-ro ga-sip-si-yo.
  • Tae-Soo: ji-gum myot-si-im-nika?
  • Hanna: chong-o-im-nida.
  • Tae-Soo: chong-mal-yo? jo-neun yol-han-si sam-sip-boo-nin-jool a-rat-so-yo.
  • Hanna: dang-sin si-gye-ga neut-gun-nyo.
  • Bora: young-hwa-ga mot-si-e si-jak-ha-na-yo?
  • Chang-Young: yo-dul-si sam-sip-boon-chu-me-yo.
  • Bora: neu-jo-so-neun ahn-dwe-nika il-gop-si sa-sip-o-boo-ne to-nap-sida.
  • Chang-Young: il-gop-si sam-sip-boo-ne to-na-neun-gosi deo jo-eul-geot gat-goo-nyo.

sik-dang[edit]

yeonseup[edit]

  • menu-rul bo-yo-joo-si-ge-so-yo?
  • o-neul special-ee moo-eo-sim-nika?
  • o-teon geo-seul gwon-ha-sim-nika?
  • ee-eum-si-gul jo-ah-ha-ji ahn-seum-nida.
  • ee-eum-si-gun neo-moo tcham-nida.
  • ee-eum-si-gun neo-moo tu-gop-seum-nida.
  • steak-eul mediumuro he-joo-sip-si-yo.
  • steak-eul well-done-euro he-joo-sip-si-yo.
  • ee-eum-si-gun je-ga joo-moon-han-go-si a-nim-nida.
  • a-ga-see! yo-bo-se-yo!
  • po-do-joo menu-rul jom joo-si-ge-so-yo?
  • jok-po-do-joo hahn-byong-mahn joo-sip-si-yo.
  • baek-po-do-joo ban-byong-mahn joo-sip-si-yo.
  • ji-bang maek-joo-rul han-jan joo-sip-si-yo.
  • ma-ti-ni han-jan joo-sip-si-yo.
  • gye-san-seo joo-se-yo.
  • yo-gi-e ti-bi po-ham-dwe-ot-seum-nika?
  • sin-yong card-ro ji-bool-ha-ge-seum-nida.

sik-dang-e-seo dae-hwa[edit]

  • waitress: do-wa-deu-ril-ka-yo?
  • Kang son-saing-nim: yo-gi "bi-bim-bap"-i-ra-go in-neun-de i-ge moo-seun eum-si-gim-nika?
  • waitress: na-mool-ha-go ba-bool mae-woon go-choo-jang-e bibin go-sim-nida.
  • Kang son-saing-nim: jo-a-yo. i-go-su-ro ha-ge-so-yo.
  • waitress: ma-sil-go-seun moo-eo-suro ha-si-ge-so-yo?
  • Kang son-saing-nim: naeng-soo-ro joo-se-yo.
  • Chun son-saing-nim: mwol gwon-ha-sim-nika?
  • waitress: o-neul jo-nyok special-eun hong-ha-bim-nida. ba-da-e-so ba-ro o-neul ja-ba-on-go-sim-nida.
  • Chun son-saing-nim: geun-sa-han-geot ga-tun-de-yo. o-teo-ke yo-ri-ha-na-yo?
  • waitress: baek-po-do-joo-e dam-gun geot-do it-go twi-gin-geot-do it-seum-nida.
  • Chun son-saing-nim: twi-gin-geo-suro ha-ge-seum-nida. lemo-nul jan-tuk poo-ryo-joo-se-yo.
  • Kim, Soo-Kyong: sil-lye-ha-get-seum-nida.
  • nam-ja: neh, mal-seum-ha-se-yo.
  • Kim, Soo-Kyong: ee-gun-cho-e gwen-chanun sik-dang-i it-su-myun ha-na ga-ru-cho joo-si-get-seum-nika?
  • nam-ja: gul-se-yo, woo-rae-ogi gun-cho-e it-seum-nida.
  • Kim, Soo-Kyong: o-teo-ke ga-ji-yo?
  • nam-ja: ee-gil-lo chook ga-si-da-ga sin-ho-deumg-e-seo o-reun-cho-gu-ro ga-sin da-eum doo-block-mahn goro-ga-si-myon dwem-nida. ga-si-da o-reun-cho-ge it-seum-nida.

숫자(sutja) Numbers[edit]

  • 영(yeong) = 0
  • 하나(hana) = 1
  • 둘(dul) = 2
  • 셋(set) = 3
  • 넷(net) = 4
  • 다섯(daseot) = 5
  • 여섯(yeoseot) = 6
  • 일곱(ilgop) = 7
  • 여덟(yeodeol) = 8
  • 아홉(ahop) = 9
  • 열(yeol) = 10
  • 열하나(yeol hana) = 11
  • 열둘(yeol dul) = 12
  • 열셋(yeol set) = 13
  • 열넷(yeol net) = 14
  • 열다섯(yeol daseot) = 15
  • 열여섯(yeol yeoseot) = 16
  • 열일곱(yeol ilgop) = 17
  • 열여덟(yeol yeodeol) = 18
  • 열아홉(yeol ahop) = 19
  • 스물(seumul) = 20
  • 스물하나(seumul hana) = 21
  • 스물둘(seumul dul) = 22
  • 서른(seoreun) = 30
  • 마흔(maheun) = 40
  • 쉰(shwin) = 50
  • 예순(yesun) = 60
  • 일흔(ilreun) = 70
  • 여든(yeodeun) = 80
  • 아흔(aheun) = 90
  • 백(baek) = 100

달(dal) Months[edit]

  • 일월(ilweol) = January
  • 이월(iweol) = February
  • 삼월(samweol) = March
  • 사월(saweol) = April
  • 오월(oweol) = May
  • 유월(yuweol) = June
  • 칠월(chilweol) = July
  • 팔월(palweol) = August
  • 구월(guweol) = September
  • 시월(siweol) = October
  • 십일월(sibilweol) = November
  • 십이월(sibiweol) = December

요일(yoil) Days of the week[edit]

  • 월요일(weolyoil) = Monday
  • 화요일(hwayoil) = Tuesday
  • 수요일(suyoil) = Wednesday
  • 목요일(mokyoil) = Thursday
  • 금요일(geumyoil) = Friday
  • 토요일(toyoil) = Saturday
  • 일요일(ilyoil) = Sunday

계절(gyejeol) Seasons[edit]

  • 봄(bom) = Spring
  • 여름(yeoreum) = Summer
  • 가을(gaeul) = Fall
  • 겨울(gyeoul) = Winter