Koine Greek/10

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Koine Greek
Jump to navigation Jump to search

10. The Definite Article is employed in combination with nouns, and is declined in gender, number, and case, to correspond with them.

There is no Indefinite Article in Greek, but its place is often supplied by the Indefinite Pronoun (any, a certain).

The Following forms, which should be carefully committed to memory, afford a general type of the inflections of nouns, adjective, and pronouns, and will therefore be useful in their acquisition.

11. The Definite Article, the. It has first and second declension endings. Note that the nominative masculine and feminine forms of the definite article start with a vowel and not τ, and also note that there are no accents on the vowel. By contrast, the relative pronoun who (ὅς, ἥ, ὅ) has accents on the vowels, but is otherwise spelled the same.

ὁ - the
Singular Plural
Masc. Fem. Neut Masc. Fem. Neut
Nominative τό οἱ αἱ τὰ
Genative τοῦ τῆς τοϋ τῶν
Dative τῷ τῇ τῷ τοῖς ταῖς τοῖς
Accusative τόν τήν τό τούς τάς τά

12. Indefinite Pronoun: any, a certain, a

τις - any, a certain, a
Singular Plural
Masc/Fem Neut Masc/Fem Neut
Nominative τις τι τινές τινά
Genative τινός τινῶν
Dative τινί τισί(ν)
Accusative τινά τι τινάς τινά

13. In the two forms now given there are three particular patterns applicable to all nouns, adjectives and pronouns.

1) Neuters are alike in the nominative and accusative of number. Neuters plural, nominative and accusative all end in α. 2) The dative singular always ends in i; although to the vowel the iota is subscript (please note, this needs to be added) 3) The genitive plural always ends in ων.

Useful External Links[edit | edit source]

WikiChristian - Koine Greek: Definite Article