From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This page explains to what a subject, object and verb are.

Words to learn:

loD - man

legh - see

jup - friend

Example sentence

[edit | edit source]

The man eats the chicken

The verb is in italic. It is the 'action word', it tells you what the subject (the man) is doing. In this sentence it is 'eat'. Other verbs could be 'walk' 'sit' or 'jump'


[edit | edit source]

The subject is in bold. It is the thing that is doing the action (verb). In this sentence 'the man' is the subject. He 'eats'


[edit | edit source]

The object is underlined. It is the thing that the verb is being 'done to'. So in this sentence it is the chicken that is being eaten. Unlike the other two, a sentence does not have to have an object. The sentence 'The man eats.' makes sense, while 'Eats the chicken' does not.


[edit | edit source]

In English, the order is Subject Verb Object. In other languages other word orders are used e.g. in Turkish Subject Object Verb, in Welsh Verb Subject Object.


[edit | edit source]

In Klingon the order is Object Verb Subject. (This is unusual; 95% of languages have the Subject before the Object). This takes time to get used to; 'Man sees friend' is not 'loD legh jup' but 'jup legh loD'. It may help you if you think of it as 'Friend is seen by man'.