Japanese white book/Class 4

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Five Basic grammar

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  • Noun1 は Noun2 のです
    • 私は学生です
    • I am a student.
      • <<Note>>the noun after は(ha) is the main subject of the sentence.

  • 人は Noun が い(adj) です
    • 人はお金がほしいです
    • Every one wants the gold.
      • <<Note>>The い(adj) mean the い形容詞 of variety, this kind of adj, contain words such as 欲しい(hoshii)、美味しい(oishii)、高い(takai)。

  • Noun の Adj Noun2
    • 君の知らない物語
    • the story you don't know.
      • <<Note>>The adj (知らない don't know) applies on the noun 君 statue, mention this people "don't know" about the thing.

  • Noun に Verb ます
  • Noun と Verb ます
    • に mean only one side of people want to take action ,に mean two of people doing it.
      • 駅で友達に会いました >> I accidentally meet the friend on station(I didn't assign with him)
      • 駅で友達と会いました >> I meet the friend on station(the friend wants to meet you too.)

  • Noun に Verb passive
    • 弟に来られる
      • brother coming(which is not the right time for me, I feel interrupted)

grammar selection one

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  • 何でも食べます
    • He eat every thing
  • 何も食べません
    • He don't eat any thing
      • The Preposition(前置詞)でも、も the first でも mean complete assure the people fully doing the action,も mean totally deny the action.
  • もうミスらない
    • No more mistake.
      • denial use on the first two word もう(more),ミス(miss, which can mean mistake too), so the sentence is reverse by more mistake too made no more mistake.
      • ら is the conjunction for noun, meaning same to the word kind of.

Verb of list

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kanji karina meaning
行きます いきます going
急ぎます いそぎます hurry
泳ぐ およぐ swim
話す はなす talk
過ごす すごす went