Japanese/Kana/Lessons/Hiragana/Lesson 8

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Japanese‎ | Kana
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hiragana: [ a ] [ ka ] [ sa ] [ ta ] [ na ] [ ha ] [ ma ] [ ya ] [ ra ] [ wa, wo, n ] [ ゐ and ゑ (ancient hiragana in disuse) ]
Katakana: [ a ] [ ka ] [ sa ] [ ta ] [ na ] [ ha ] [ ma ] [ ya ] [ ra ] [ wa, wo, n ] [ ヰ and ヱ (ancient katakana in disuse) ]

In this lesson you are going to learn how to read and write "や", "ゆ" and "よ".

Brush Stroke:



Someone shouting 'Ya!' as they punch through a board.

  • やま (yama) mountain
  • やえいち (yaeichi) campsite
  • やせい (yasei) wild, rough
Brush Stroke:


  • Picture a monkey sitting on a curled tree trunk. The monkey says, "Hey you!" (yu).
  • It could also be you with your arm around another's arm.
  • You are cutting up a fish.
  • ゆらぐ (yuragu) to tremble
  • ゆめ (yume) dream
  • ゆげ (yuge) steam
Brush Stroke:


  • Yoyo - It's a hand playing a yoyo. First you draw the hand, and then the yoyo itself.
  • Alternatively, imagine a Y conjoined with an O.
  • よこう (yokou) rehearsal
  • ようかい (youkai) ghost, demon
  • よあけ (yoake) dawn

Yōon Hiragana[edit | edit source]

Certain sounds ending with -い(i) ( き(ki), し(shi), ち(chi), に(ni), ひ(hi), み(mi), り(ri) and their voiced variants) can be followed by small versions (ゃ, ゅ, and ょ) of the hiragana や(ya), ゆ(yu), and よ(yo). In this case, the two hiragana are not pronounced individually, but rather as one sound.

In most cases, the compound sound is the consonant of the base syllable followed by the modifier (fjord may be an example of a similar compound sound in English):

きゃ (kya)
きゅ (kyu)
きょ (kyo)

In other cases the y sound disappears entirely:

しゃ (sha)
しゅ (shu)
しょ (sho)

Look at the Kana Chart for the others.