Irish/Vocabulary/Verbs

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Irish English
abair to say
achainigh to entreat (to request earnestly)
achoimrigh to recap/recapitulate/summarise
adhair to adore/worship
adharcáil to gore
adhlaic to bury
admhaigh to admit
aeráil to air (as in to air a room)
agair to beg/sue
aibigh to ripen
aicmigh to classify
aifir to rebuke
aimridigh to sterilise
aimsigh to hit/locate
ainmnigh to assign/name
airigh to receive/calculate
aisghair to repeal
aisig to restore
aistarraing to retract
aistrigh to change
aisíoc to refund/reimburse/repay
aithin to recognise
áitigh to argue
áitrigh to inhabit
aithris to recite
allmhairigh to import
alp to devour/gobble/scoff
anailísigh to analyze
anluchtaigh to overload
análaigh to respire/aspirate/breathe
aontaigh to concour/agree
ardaigh to ascend/elevate/heighten/hoist/lift
aslonnaigh to evacuate
athaimsigh to relocate
athaontaigh to reunite
athbheoigh to resuscitate/revive
athbhreithnigh to review
athbhunaigh to revive?
athchas to rewind (as in a tape)
athcheartaigh to revise
athchomhairligh to discourage
athchóirigh to alter/recondition/refurbish/renovate/restore(building)/revamp/upgrade (house)
athchúrsáil to recycle
athdhearbhaigh to reassure
athdheisigh to refurbish
athdhéan to redo
atheagraigh to redeploy (resources)
athghair to recall
athghnóthaigh to regain
athlonnaigh to relocate
athlíon to refill/replenish (glass)
athnuaigh to rejuvenate/renew
athobair to ?
athoil to retrain (worker)
athphlandáil to transplant
athraigh to alter/change/vary
athroinn to redeploy
athscag to refine
athsheol to redirect (mail)
athsholáthair to replace??
athshreangaigh to rewire
atosaigh to renew/resume
atreoraigh to divert
atáirg to reproduce
atóg to reconstruct (building)
babhtáil to barter
bac to hinder/impede/thwart
bagair to threaten
bailigh to assemble/collect/gather
bain to harvest/mow/reap/dig up (potatoes)
baist to baptise/christen
barrloisc to singe
basc to mangle/maul
batráil to batter
bealaigh to grease/lubricate
beannaigh to bless
bearnaigh to breach
bearr to prune/shave
beartaigh to contrive/scheme/wield (sword)
beir to grab
beirigh to boil
beoigh to liven-up
bioraigh to sharpen
bladair to cajole
bodhraigh to deafen
bog to budge/maneuver/relax(muscle)/soften
bolg to distend(physiology)/bloat(agriculture)
borr to surge
braith to betray/notice/perceive/detect/size-up/sound-out
breithnigh to evaluate(factor)
breoigh to glow
bris to break/fail(candidate)/overthrow/bring-down(government)/shatter - more
broid to goad/nudge/prod
bronn to donate
brostaigh to hasten/precipitate
bruith to bake
bréag to lie/delude
bréagnaigh to belie/contradict/disprove/rebut
bróidnigh to embroider
brúigh to hustle/mash/shove
buaigh to win
buail to flap/hit/knock/lick/thresh(agriculture)/toll(bell)
buain to reap
buair to annoy
bunaigh to establish/found/institute
bácáil to bake
báigh to drench/drown/plunge/sink(ship)/soak/swamp
bánaigh to bleach(linen)/evacuate(place)
to be
cabhraigh to assist
cailg to bite
caill to forfeit(lose)/miss/shed
cairt to thaw??
cairtfhostaigh to charter(plane)
caith to cast(throw)/check(throw)/expend/fling/flip/hurl/toss/throw/wear
can / labhair to speak
canbhasáil to canvass
caoch to daze/overwhelming(victory vi)/resounding(victory vi)
caoin to cry (vi)/mourne (vi)/weep(vi)
caolaigh to dilute/constrict
caomhnaigh to conserve/preserve (keep safe)
carn to accumulate
cas to twirl
ceadaigh to allow/approve/let(practise/claim/goal)
cealaigh to annul/cancel/delete
cealg to deceive
ceangail to bind/fasten/hitch/teather
ceannaigh to buy/purchase
ceap to appoint/designate(to office)/devise
ceartaigh to adjust(clock/scales/compass)/rectify(error)/rebuke/redress
ceiliúir to celebrate(vi)/vanish
ceistigh to interrogate/query/question/quiz
ciallaigh to interpret
ciap to annoy/besiege/harass/hound/plague/tease
ciceáil to kick
cigil to tickle
cinntigh to assure/confirm/ensure
cionroinn to allocate/distribute
ciorclaigh to encircle
ciorraigh to hack/maim/mangle
ciúnaigh to becalm/hush/quell/sooth
clamhair to maul
claochlaigh to transform
claon to incline/perverse/tilt/veer
cleacht to ply(a trade)/rehearse
clip to ?
clis to conk-out
clois to hear/overhear
cloígh to overpower/digest/overwhelm(enemy)/repress/subdue/sap
cluimhrigh to preen
cluin to hear/overhear
clutharaigh to muffle
cláraigh to enroll
clóigh to overpower/digest/overwhelm(enemy)/repress/subdue/sap
clúdaigh to cover
cnag to bash/crunch/knock/snap(sound)
cnaígh to gnaw
cneasaigh to heal
cniotáil to knit
codail to sleep(vi)
cogain to chew(vi)
coigeartaigh to update
coigil to economise/save
coigistigh to confiscate
coill to castrate/geld/spay
coilínigh to colonize
coimeád to hold/keep/maintain
coimhéad to observe
coimrigh to sum-up
cóineartaigh to ?
coinnigh to hold/retain/preserve/detain/keep
coinsínigh to consign
coip to ferment/whisk
coir to ?
coisc to deter/obstruct(block)/preclude/prevent/prohibit/stave-off(attack)
coisric to bless
comhaill to fulfil
comhair to count/reckon
comhairligh to advise
comharthaigh to denote/suggest
comhbhailigh to aggregate
comhbhrúigh to compress
comhdhearbhaigh to ?
comhdhlúthaigh to consense
comhfhadaigh to justify(computing)
comhfhortaigh to ?
comhfhreagair to correspond
comhlíon to discharge/fulfil/observe/perform(duties)/serve
comhordaigh to coordinate
comhréitigh to conciliate/harmonise (of texts)
comhtharlaigh to coincide
comhtháthaigh to integrate
conlaigh to glean
corn to bale/wrap-up
corpraigh to incorporate
corraigh to agitate/affect/budge/disturb/excite/stir(vi)
cosain to defend/protect/safeguard
coscair to hack/thaw
cothromaigh to equalize(sport)
crap to crumple/shrink(vi)
creach to loot/pillage/plunder/ransack/rifle
creid to believe
creim to corrode/erode/thaw
creimseáil to nibble
criathraigh to riddle/sift
croch to hang/suspend
croith to shake/sprinkle/wag/waggle
crom to crouch/droop/stoop
cros to ban/prohibit/veto
croscheistigh to cross-examine(law)
cruaigh to hardened/toughened
cruinnigh to gather
cruthaigh to create/establish/prove
cráigh to bother/harass/pester/annoy
créam to cremate
críochnaigh to accomplish/conclude/finish-off
cuardaigh to frisk/prospect/search
cuidigh to help
cuimhnigh to remember
cuimil to fondle/rub/stroke/wipe
cuimsigh to comprehend/include
cuir to put
cum to compose/form/invent/limit
cumaisc to merge/mix
cumhdaigh to protect/uphold(law)
cuntais to count/reckon
cáiligh to qualify
cáin to condemn/criticize/fine/levy/penalize/slam/tax
céas to crucify/hound/persecute/torture
cíor to comb/scour(search)
cócaráil to cook
cóimeáil to assemble
cóineartaigh to ?
cóirigh to mend/overhaul/rig/straighten
cónaigh to ?
cúbláil to defraud/misappropriate
cúigeáil to embezzle
cúisigh to accuse
cúitigh to compensate
cúngaigh to create/establish/prove
cúrsáil to cruise
daingnigh to fortify/strengthen
dall to blind/darken/dazzle/mesmerize
dallraigh to dazzle
damnaigh to damn
dathaigh to paint
deachtaigh to dictate
dealaigh to subtract
dearbhaigh to assert/assure/declare
dearc to consider/look
dearg to blush/kindle/redden
deifrigh to hasten/hurry
deighil to divide
deimhnigh to check/verify
deisigh to fix
deonaigh to accord/condescend/grant
dianscaoil to break/decompose
diasraigh to glean
diomail to dissipate/squander
diúraic to brandish/cast/project/shoot
doimhnigh to deepen
dorchaigh to darken
dramhail to ?
dreasaigh to incite
driog to distil
droimscríobh to endorse
druid to shut
dubhaigh to blacken
dáil to distribute
déan to do, to make
dí-armáil to disarm
dí-oighrigh to de-ice
díbholg to deflate
díbir to banish
dícheangail to detach
dícheann to behead
díchoimisiúnaigh to decommission
díchorn to unwind
díchreid to disbelieve
díchum to distort
dícháiligh to disqualify
díchóimeáil to dismantle
dífhabhtaigh to debug
díghalraigh to disinfect
díleáigh to digest
díluacháil to devalue
díluchtaigh to unload
dílódáil to unload
dínáisiúnaigh to denationalize
díol to sell
díothaigh to abolish/annihilate/eradicate
díphacáil to unpack
díreoigh to defrost
dírigh to straighten/unbend
díscaoil to disintegrate/dissolve
díshealbhaigh to evict
díshioc to defrost
díthruailligh to decontaminate
diúraic to brandish/cast/project/shoot
dóigh to burn
dúisigh to wake up
dul to go
dún to close
eadóirsigh to naturalize
éadromaigh to lighten
eagraigh to organize
easpórtáil to export
éalaigh to escape
éiligh to claim/demand/request
éirigh to rise
eiseachaid to extradite
éist to listen
eitil to fly
fadaigh to kindle/lengthen/prolong
faigh to get
fair to watch
fairsingigh to broaden/expand/widen
fan to wait
faobhraigh to sharpen/
feabhsaigh to improve/recuperate/
feall to betray/fail/
feic to see/
feidhmigh to enforce/
feistigh to tie up (boat)/trim (with)
feoigh to decay
fiach to chase/hunt
fiafraigh to ask
fiar to slant/swerve/tilt/veer/
figh to weave/
fill to recur/
fionn to ascertain/discover/
fiosraigh to inquire/investigate/
fiuch to boil/
fliuch to drench/moisten/wet/
foghlaim to learn/
foilsigh to disclose/publish/reveal/
folaigh to conceal/
folc to bathe/
folig to sublet/
folmhaigh to discharge/unpack/
forbair to answer/
formhéadaigh to magnify/
forshuigh to superimpose/
fortaigh to relieve/
fostaigh to employ/engage/hire/
freagair to answer/
freastail to attend/
frithchaith to reflect/
fuadaigh to hijack/kidnap/snatch/
fuaigh to sew/
fuaimnigh to pronounce/
fuascail to deliver/
fuathaigh to hate/
fuin to knead/
fulaing to suffer/
fág to leave/
fáiltigh to receive/rejoice
fáisc to tighten/wring
fálaigh to enclose
fás to grow
féach to look/
fíoraigh to verify/
fógair to announce/
fóir to watch
gabh to take/
gaibhnigh to preen/
gair to acclaim/exclaim/roar
galraigh to infect/
galstobh to braise
geal to brighten/
geall to bet/promise/
gearr to cut/shorten/snip/
gin to conceive/generate
giorraigh to curtail/shorten
giortaigh to shrink/
glac to take/
glan to clean/
glaoigh to call/
gloinigh to glaze/
glám to clutch/grab/
gléas to adjust/
glónraigh to glaze
gnáthaigh to haunt
gníomhachtaigh to activate
gníomhaigh to activate/perform/act
gnóthaigh to earn
gob to peck/
goid to steal/
goil to weep/
gor to hatch/
gortaigh to hurt/
gread to batter/swish/wallop/
greamaigh to fasten
grean to engrave/grit
greasáil to nibble/
grinnléigh to peruse
griog to annoy/excite/incite/irritate/rile/tease/
griosaigh to fire/incite/stimulate/inspire
gráinigh to hate/
gráinseáil to nibble/
gríosc to broil
grúdaigh to brew
guailleáil to jostle/shoulder
gualaigh to char (burn)
géaraigh to aggravate/
géill to capitulate/give/submit/surrender
hiopnóisigh to hypnotize/
iarr to ask
imigh to go
imir to play/
impigh to beg
imscaoil to decipher/
imtheorannaigh to intern/
inbhéartaigh to invert/
infheistigh to invest
inis to tell
iniúch to audit/inspect/
insealbhaigh to install/
insligh to beg/
insteall to inject/
íoc to contribute/remit (money)
iolraigh to multiply/
iomlánaigh to integrate/
iompaigh to turn/
iompair to carry
iompórtáil to import/
ionchorpraigh to incorporate/
ionchúisigh to prosecute/
ionfhabhtaigh to infect/
ionramháil to maneuver/manipulate/
ionsaigh to attack/
ionsúigh to absorb/
íoslaghdaigh to minimise
íoslódáil to download
íosmhéadaigh to minimise (reduce)
ith to eat/
lagaigh to dilute/weaken/
laghdhdaigh to decrease/diminish/dwindle/lessen/lighten/reduce/
lamháil to allow/
lansaigh to lance/
las to light/
lasc to flog/lash/whip/
leachtaigh to liquify/
leadair to whack/
leag to knock/
lean to follow/
leasaigh to amend/reform/season/undo/update/
leath to diminish/divide/
leathnaigh to broaden/expand/extend/widen/
leigheas to cure/heal/remedy/undo/
leithlisigh to remove?
leomh to allow/dare/
leáigh to melt/
lig to allow/release/
ligh to lick
liostaigh to itemize/list/
liostáil to enlist/
lobh to decay/decompose/fester/rot/
loc to enclose/pluck/
lochtaigh to criticize/
loit to destroy/
lom to mow/scuff/shear/
lonnaigh to settle
lorg to trace
luacháil to evaluate/
luaigh to mention
luathaigh to accelerate/
luchtaigh to charge/fill/load/fill/
luigh to lie (rest)/settle (dust)/to comply with (luigh le)?
láidrigh to toughen/
láimhsigh to manipulate/
láraigh to centralize/
léas to flog/trash?
léigh to read/
léim to jump/
léirigh to demonstrate/depict/elucidate/illustrate/indicate/portray/
léirsigh to demonstrate/
líomhain to allege/
líon to fill/
lódáil to load/
lúb to loop/
machnaigh to meditate/muse/
maidhm to burst/detonate/
mair to live/remain/survive/
maisigh to decorate/
maistrigh to churn (agriculture)
maith to forgive/pardon/
malartaigh to barter/
mallaigh to damn/
maolaigh to abate/allay/alleviate/deaden/modify/qualify/reduce/relieve/slacken/soothe/
maothaigh to moisten/soak/soften/
maraigh to kill/slay/
maslaigh to blaspheme/snub/
maígh to boast/
meabhraigh to meditate/memorize/ponder/
meall to coax/deceive/delude/disappoint/entice/tempt/woo/
mearaigh to baffle/confound/mystify/perplex/
meas to consider/
measc to mix/
meidhrigh to confuse/frisk/
meil to fritter/grind/
meáigh to weigh
mill to blight/destroy/devastate/mar/spoil/
milsigh to sweeten/
mionaigh to crumble/mince/
mionbhrúigh to crumble
mionscrúdaigh to scan/sift/scan/
modhnaigh to modify/
moilligh to delay/linger/
mol to praise/
monaraigh to manufacture/
morg to decompose
muirnigh to cherish/cuddle/fondle/
mungail to munch
méadaigh to increase/
méaraigh to baffle/confound/mystify/perplex/
mínigh to explain
múch to asphyxiate/extinguish/muffle/smother/stifle/suffocate/
múin to teach/
múscail to awaken
nasc to bind/connect/link/
neadaigh to embed/nest/nestle/
neartaigh to strengthen/
neodraigh to neutralize/
nigh to wash/
nuachóirigh to modernize/
náisiúnaigh to nationalize
nódaigh to transplant/
obair to work
oighrigh to congeal/freeze
oil to educate
oirnigh to congeal/freeze
ól to drink/
ollchóirigh to overhaul/
onnmhairigh to export
onóraigh to honor/
ordaigh to order/
ornáidigh to embellish/
oscail to open/
pacáil to pack
pearsanaigh to impersonate
pioc to pluck/preen/
piólótaigh to navigate
plac to bang/eat/gobble/slam/
pléadáil to pack
pléasc to bang/burst/erupt/explode/
plúch to asphyxiate/smother/stifle/suffocate/
poibligh to advise
poll to bore/penetrate/perforate/pierce/puncture/
poncloisc to cauterize
potbhiathaigh to spoon-feed
prioc to pluck/preen/
promh to prove
pábháil to pack
póraigh to breed
pós to marry/wed
radaigh to radiate
ramhraigh to fatten/thicken
rangaigh to classify
ransaigh to forage/ransack
reoigh to freeze
riar to administer/dispense/distribute/manage/mete/provide
righ to control/stretch
rith to run
robáil to rob
roghnaigh to pick/select
roinn to divide
rois to unravel/
rop to dash/stab/
rothlaigh to rotate/slew/slue/twirl
ruadhóigh to scorch
ruaig to harden?
ruathair to raid/foray/scramble (rush)/swoop (by police)
rácáil to rake (as in leaves)?
réal to develop
réamhaithris to foretell/predict
réamhcheannaigh to pre-empt
réamhdhátaigh to backdate
réasúnaigh to rationalize
réitigh to adjust/arrange/clear/elucidate/level/smooth/solve/
ríomh to calculate/count/reckon
ríomhairigh to computerize
rómhair to dig
rúisc to poke
sábh to saw
sábháil to save
sádráil to exceed/violate (as in history)/outclass (as in sport)/
sáigh to stab
sáinnigh to beset/hem
sáraigh to solder?
sásaigh to satisfy
sac to tuck
saibhrigh to enrich
saibhseáil to ?
saighid to incite/provoke
sainaithin to identify
sainigh to define
sainmhínmhínigh to define
samhlaigh to envisage/imagine/suppose/visualize
sann to assign
santaigh to covet
saobh to distort/pervert/warp
saor to emancipate/free
saothraigh to cultivate/farm/make/till
scag to filter/refine/sift
scaip to scatter
scaird to gush/jet/pour/splatter/spray/spurt/
scairt to shout
scall to poach/scald
scan to scan
scanraigh to appal/frighten/overawe/scare/terrify
scaoil to release/
scar to detach/diverge/unfold/
sceimhligh to terrify
sceith to divulge/overflow/spawn/spew
scil to divulge/shell/
scimeáil to enlist
sciob to snatch
scioll to scold/
sciorr to skid
scoir to adjourn/detach/disband/disconnect
scoith to wean
scor to slash
scrabh to scrape
scrios to erase
scrábáil to scrawl/scribble/squiggle
scréach to screech/
scríobh to write
scrúdaigh to examine
seachaid to deliver
sealbhaigh to possess
séan to deny/disown (son)/outgrow (clothes)/repudiate/renounce
séid to blow/inflate
searbhaigh to embitter
searg to shrivel/wilt/wither
seas to stand
seiceáil to check/test
seiftigh to improvise
seilg to hunt/prey
seinn to sound/perform/play (all of music)
seol to dispatch/remit/sail/send
sioc to congeal/freeze/frost
siortaigh to forage
siúntaigh to shunt (as in rail)
slad to destroy/devastate/loot/pillage/plunder
sleamhnaigh to glide/slide/slither
slog to engulf/swallow/swig/
slánaigh to redeem
slíoc to pat/pet/
smachtaigh to control/dominate/restrain
smaoinigh to think
smeadráil to smear/
smear to grease/smear/
smiot to swat
smol to blight
smuigleáil to smuggle
smálaigh to blot/blur/tarnish
smúr to sniff
snaidhm to knit/knot
snoigh to carve
snámh to swim
socraigh to settle
soilsigh to enlighten/illuminate/shine
soiléirigh to elucidate
soláthair to gather/procure/provide/supply
sonraigh to distinguish/perceive/remark
spall to spall (small chip of fragment)
spalp to shrivel?
spoch to castrate
spreag to urge/inspire
spáráil to spare
spíon to exhaust
spól to carve
srac to drag/extort/strive
sraon to deflect
sreangaigh to wire
srian to curb/restrain
sroich to arrive/reach
sruthlaigh to rinse
stad to stop
steall to dash/spatter/squirt
steiriligh to sterilize
stiúir to manage/navigate/steer
stoith to extract/uproot
streachail to dissipate/squander
stócáil to stoke
suaimhnigh to placate/quieten
suaith to massage/shuffle
suigh to sit
suiteáil to install
síl to seep/trickle
síolraigh to breed/
sóinseáil to change
súigh to sit
tabhaigh to deserve
tabhair to give
tacht to choke/strangle/throttle
tairngir to foretell/prophesy
taiscéal to explore/reconnoiter/reconnoitre/
taispeáin to show
taithigh to haunt
tanaigh to dilute
taom to teem
tarchuir to transmit
tarlaigh to happen/occur
tarraing to pull
tarrtháil to rescue/retrieve/salvage
tarscaoil to waive
teagasc to instruct
teann to tighten
teasc to amputate/sever
teasdíon to insulate
teilg to fling/hurl
teimhligh to darken/stain/tarnish
teorannaigh to limit/restrict
timpeallaigh to surround
tiomnaigh to bequeath/dedicate
tiomsaigh to compile
tiomáin to drive
tionlaic to accompany
tionscain to begin/institute
tiontaigh to capsize/convert/invert/turn
tionóil to assemble
tirimghlan to dry-clean
tit to fall
tiubhaigh to thicken
tochail to dig
togair to choose
togh to cull/elect/select
toghair to call
toll to bore/hollow
tomhais to measure/weigh
tosaigh to start
traoch to exhaust
trasnaigh to heckle/interrupt/intersect
treascair to annihilate/flatten/overwhelm/topple/
treisigh to reinforce
treáigh to digest
truailligh to contaminate/doctor/pollute
tréig to abandon/desert/fade/forsake/jilt
tuairteáil to collide/smash
tuar to forecast/foresee/foreshadow/predict
tuaslaig to dissolve
tuig to comprehend/realize/understand
tuill to deserve/earn
tuirling to descend
tum to submerge
táblaigh to tabulate
táthaigh to bind/solder/unite/weld
téacht to come
tóg to take
tóraigh to pursue
uchtaigh to adopt/
uimhrigh to number/
uirísligh to humiliate/
uiscigh to irrigate/
ullmhaigh to prepare/
úraigh to freshen/refresh/sweeten
urchoill to inhibit/
vacsaínigh to vaccinate